kna/mk/dpa – "A kiss is an oral physical contact with a person or an object."This is how Wikipedia soberly defines the gesture, which is one of the most expressive human expressions. But between a kiss and a kiss can be worlds apart.
Give me the kiss!
There is the intimate kiss, the passionate, the wet, the friendly, the peace kiss, the political brotherly kiss, the tender parent kiss, but also the formal hand kiss and the air kiss thrown by hand. With a Judas kiss you can even betray someone.
On the International Day of the Kiss, which is celebrated today, it is possible to think about the different forms of kissing. Depending on who kisses whom and how, the kiss can have different meanings. He is a universal gesture, That goes beyond being a man, and its origin is disputed among experts.
According to German behavioral scientist Irenaus Eibl-Eibesfeldt, touching each other’s lips has its origins in offspring care between humans and animals. From this peaceful parent-child gesture, he says, he has become "Tenderness and pacification rite" developed. "The root of the kiss is "sex", argues, on the other hand, the Bremen sexologist Ingelore Ebberfeld. This is how men "sniffed out" whether a woman was ovulating.
Plato believed that when kissing from mouth to mouth, souls touch each other. "A love in which kissing is no longer practiced does not fare well," wrote the French philosopher Alexandre Lacroix. In the Middle Ages, the kiss also had legal significance: He sealed a deal – which is still reflected in the engagement or bridal kiss today.
Everyone kisses differently
Kissing takes place around the globe. In Western Europe and North America, it is no longer considered offensive to kiss in public. The Western kissing culture of the 20th century. kiss of the twentieth century is strongly influenced by cinema. Even in the 1930s there was a code of conduct in Hollywood, who banned "lustful embraces" and "extended and voluptuous kissing scenes" in movie scenes. Nevertheless, the kisses between Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable in "Gone with the Wind" or Deborah Kerr and Burt Lancaster in "Damned for Eternity" were long considered the most erotic kisses of all time.
The longest kiss in the world, according to the Guinness Book of Records, took place from the 6. July to 7. July 2005 in London and lasted 31 hours, 30 minutes and 30 seconds. Whether the participants in this kiss marathon still had fun is another question.
Many possible interpretations
Kisses also symbolize adoration and respect. The social cheek-to-cheek kiss has been exported with great success from France to the rest of Europe in recent years, writes British sociologist Adrianne Blue in her book "Vom Kussen oder Warum wir nicht voneinander lassen konnen" (On Kissing, or Why We Can’t Leave Each Other Alone). In southern countries, it is customary to greet family members and friends with (implied) kisses on the cheeks.
The kiss can also be a symbol of domination: With the foot kiss, emperors and popes demanded submission. The Brother’s kiss Is actually a symbol of equality. But when Russia’s party leader Mikhail Gorbachev kissed SED General Secretary Erich Honecker for the 40th time in 1989, the kiss had a legal meaning. When the two kissed on the GDR’s 50th birthday, the power struggle between the two had long since been decided.
The kiss also has great significance in religions: in Islam, pilgrims kiss the Black Stone of the Kaaba during their pilgrimage to Mecca. In the Catholic Church, the kiss on the altar and the kiss on the Gospel book are part of the worship service. In the Old Testament, God breathes breath of life into Adam. Paul urges the Christians in Corinth: "Greet one another with the holy kiss."From the point of view of the church superiors, however, the Christians overdid it, and so, according to the philosopher Lacroix, Pope Innocent III found himself in a situation where he was forced to kiss the cheek. in 13. Century forced to ban the greeting kiss from church circles.
Kissing is healthy
According to scientists, kissing is good for the well-being, because it can strengthen the immune system and reduce stress. During a kiss, the production of stress hormones is reduced and adrenaline and happiness hormones are released instead. But also bacteria. However, according to findings by U.S. researchers, the body also produces chemical substances during kissing that activate the so-called killer cells. They pounce on harmful bacteria or viruses and destroy them.
Medical experts estimate that two-thirds of all people turn their heads to the right when kissing. It has even been found that a devoted kiss exercises all 34 facial muscles. A wonderful fitness exercise which also makes you happy.
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