"We can’t even afford a piece of clothing and they get everything," a woman from Milow is annoyed about refugees. What is the truth behind the prejudice that refugees receive more support from the state than Hartz IV recipients?? At the request of the MAZ, a job center has calculated two examples.
The rumor persists that asylum seekers receive more state support than Germans living on Hartz IV. Karin Ohse from Milow is also concerned about this topic: "Why do refugees get so much money?? I have just seen another example on television. A family with four children has almost 3000 euros a month with child benefits. With one child, we have just 943 euros."Karin Ohse and her partner receive unemployment benefit II, so they are Hartz IV recipients. The Milow native also earns a little extra money by cleaning her house.
"We can’t even afford a piece of clothing and they get everything," Ohse frets. Her family has been hit particularly hard in the last year. One after another, the washing machine, the stove, the refrigerator and the microwave have broken down. When she asked the job center for a loan, they explained that she could save a little every month and then buy the things herself. A slap in the face for Karin Ohse. She feels unfairly treated. But do refugees actually get more support than Germans?
1644 euros for a family with four children
This question can only be answered by the Jobcenter of the Havelland district, which is responsible for granting benefits in accordance with the Second Social Code (SGB II). In order to be able to draw up a comparison, the district has calculated two examples at the request of the MAZ. According to the report, a couple with a four-year-old child receives 973 euros a month under the SGB II standard rate – 368 euros per parent and 237 euros for the child. Child benefit is credited, gross rent is paid by the district. A refugee family with a four-year-old child, on the other hand, has to get by on 850 euros a month. Child benefit is not paid for asylum seekers, and the cost of housing is also waived, as they usually live in shared accommodations.
Benefits for asylum seekers are based on the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act. At 318 euros per month for an adult, they are below the level of unemployment benefit II. The example mentioned by Ohse has also been calculated by the district: A refugee family with four children aged 4, 7, 15 and 16 receives €1644 per month in state support. A comparable German family has 1886 euros at its disposal.
In case of additional needs, additional benefits can be granted
According to the press office of the district, there are also differences with regard to the initial equipment for an apartment. According to § 24 para. 3 No. 1 SGB II, the job center of the district provides technical equipment such as a stove, washing machine and refrigerator free of charge to all SGB II benefit recipients via the furniture exchange. This also applies after a house fire or separation from a partner. Asylum seekers usually don’t get a subsidy because they have various household appliances at their disposal in shared accommodations. They usually share this with the other residents in a communal kitchen.
In the case of the Ohse family, however, it is not a question of initial equipment, but of replacement or repair. "The costs for this are in accordance with § 20 para. 1 SGB II to be covered from the standard requirements. A takeover as a subsidy can not be taken over here by the Jobcenter", it says in a statement of the district. In individual cases, however, needs may be met in kind or in cash in the form of an appropriate loan. This is the case, for example, when a washing machine needs to be repaired or a new refrigerator needs to be purchased. However, a microwave oven does not belong to the necessary initial equipment. Accordingly, Karin Ohse would certainly be entitled to a loan. The prerequisite is that she can prove the need at the job center.
Last but not least, the law grants additional benefits to, among others, pregnant women, single parents or people with disabilities who are in receipt of SGB II benefits. For children and young people, subsidies can also be applied for, for example, for school trips, learning support or membership fees in the sports club. The Havelland district spends around eight million euros a year on education and training measures alone, which the job center grants to help people take up work, for all those entitled to benefits.
What benefits are refugees entitled to?
Asylum seekers receive benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act.
These are with 318 euros per month below the level of unemployment benefit II with 368 euros.
Asylum seekers are not entitled to child benefits.
In the fourth quarter, about 11,800 Havellander were dependent on SGB-II benefits, of which about 800 have a refugee background.
Overall, the number of SGB II recipients has decreased. In the fourth quarter of 2015, around 13,700 Havelland residents were still receiving Hartz IV benefits.