School-leaving qualifications: the entrance ticket to university

The choice of courses of study is huge. But not with every school degree you have all opportunities. There are three types of university entrance qualifications that entitle students to study at different types of higher education institutions.

First education

1. General university entrance qualification
The general higher education entrance qualification (the "Voll")-Abitur) is the certificate that you receive after successfully completing upper secondary school at the Gymnasium. Even at vocational high schools (z. B. Technical, economic or social-pedagogical grammar school), specialized grammar schools (only exist in some federal states) or comprehensive schools, the full-value Abitur can be acquired.

Where can I study?
With this qualification all doors are open. One has the unrestricted right to study (as long as the average corresponds to the NC)

2. The Fachgebundene Hochschulreife
In contrast to the general Abitur, the Fachgebundene Hochschulreife certificate restricts university entrance to certain courses of study. The name actually says it all. The Fachgebundene Hochschulreife is obtained after a final examination at a two-year Berufsoberschule, a Fachakademie, at some Berufsfachschulen or at Berufskollegs.

Where can I study?
The subject-related university entrance qualification entitles the holder to study certain subjects at universities and all subjects at most universities of applied sciences (here, too, there is the NC hurdle); although there may be special regulations again in each federal state.

Often, the subject-related university entrance qualification is compared with the "Fachabi" confused. However, this is a colloquial term for the advanced technical college entrance qualification.

3. Advanced technical college entrance qualification
The Fachhochschulreife is awarded after successful completion of an academic and a vocational part: Students acquire the school-based part after completing the 11th grade. If you are in the first class of a higher school (e.g. vocational college, technical high school, vocational high school etc.). but also secondary level II or Gymnasium).
In the G9 model, this applies after completion of grade 12. Class.

The vocational part of the Fachhochschulreife consists of a one-year (in some states only half-year) internship, a completed vocational training or an internship in the 11th grade. Grade level of technical high school.

Where can I study?
Entitled to study at Fachhochschule if the average corresponds to the current NC.

State-specific regulations: Exception Bavaria and Saxony.
In the German states of Bavaria and Saxony, a Fachhochschulreife acquired through the gymnasiale Oberstufe does not entitle the holder to study at the respective Fachhochschulen.

Second-chance education: catching up on school-leaving qualifications

If you want to graduate from high school as an adult, you can take the second educational path. Whether part-time or full-time, whether at institutions such as evening classes, adult education centers, telecolleges, colleges or correspondence schools – in Germany, every school-leaving qualification can still be obtained in the second attempt.
You can find more information here>

Third educational path: studying without a university entrance qualification

In all federal states, it is now possible to study without a high school diploma under certain conditions. However, previous vocational training is essential for non-high school graduates to study. A degree in a recognized training occupation is considered a minimum requirement throughout Germany. In addition, first-year students without a high school diploma are also expected to have work experience. However, the length of professional experience required for (specialized) university admission varies from state to state. In addition to professional qualifications, there are often other eligibility requirements as well. These also vary. For example, some universities require an entrance examination, some require a trial study, and others require proof of an advanced training examination after vocational training (e.g., a degree from a university of applied sciences). B. Master craftsman, specialist, technician, etc.).
You can find more information here>

School-leaving qualifications: the entrance ticket to university

University ranking: a decision-making aid

Who has the choice, has the agony. The need for guidance in choosing a course of study is understandable. How to find the best university for me? This is a question prospective students ask themselves anew every year. This is exactly the time when decisions are made that set the course for an entire life. More>

School-leaving qualifications: the entrance ticket to university

Basic knowledge of university applications

Between the 15.5. and 15.7. things are going well at German universities. It’s application time for the winter semester. Since almost all courses of study now start in the winter semester, you should not miss the important dates. Otherwise it means waiting a year! More>

School-leaving qualifications: the entrance ticket to university

Diploma Supplement – core element in the Bologna Process

A Diploma Supplement is an addition to the final certificate in the academic education sector, which was introduced in the course of the Bologna Process. It is awarded by the universities together with the original deed. More>

School-leaving qualifications: the entrance ticket to university

University or college: which is the right one?

You want to study? You already know which subject you want to study, but the difference between a university and a university of applied sciences is not yet clear to you? There are a few characteristics that distinguish both types of higher education institutions. However, the distinctions have softened somewhat in recent years. As a result of the Bologna Process, teaching has become increasingly harmonized and the differences are no longer as great as they once were. More>

School-leaving qualifications: the entrance ticket to university

Study selection checklist: Finding the right bachelor’s

Choosing the right course of study is a challenge: school is over and for the first time individual life planning is required, which at the same time forms the basis for the future. Not an easy decision! More>

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: