Opinion writing in german – structure, outline& tips

Writing a statement in German - structure, outline & tips

If a written statement is to be prepared in German, the text to be written is based on the structure in: Introduction, main part and conclusion. In order to write a good opinion, there are several things to keep in mind. In this guide, we provide you with the best tips on how to write a skilful opinion and give you an insight into the logical structure that an opinion in German follows. Those who deal intensively with the writing of correct statements in class will benefit in many situations later in life from the learned and internalized art of being able to convince other people of one’s own point of view.

Writing the introduction of an opinion in German

In any case, the introduction to the statement should contain the facts of the matter on which the statement is to be made. Also, unlike other essays in German, your own opinion belongs directly in the introduction of the opinion piece. This is kept short and then leads directly into the main part of the statement. The form of the introduction of an opinion in German also depends on what kind of opinion is to be written. Conceivable are:

  • – write an opinion as a comment
  • – the written opinion in the form of a letter to the editor
  • – Writing an opinion as a complaint
  • – Write a request in the statement in German

Upper level German: main part of the written statement

You clarify your own point of view in the main part of your written statement in the main part. To do this, look for comprehensible arguments for your personal opinion that can convince your readers. It is important that the chosen arguments are plausible and are discussed coherently in the main part. You can achieve a common thread in the main part of your statement for German by using constructs that connect sentences and by using conjunctions that you are familiar with from class.

It is important to arrange the arguments in the body of the statement according to their weight, always starting with the weakest argument. There are a number of rhetorical stylistic devices (link) that can enrich the main body of a successful statement of position.

The conclusion: How to conclude your statement in German

A summary of your complete text should be included at the end of the statement. Be brief! Briefly describe again your thesis statement from the introduction and refer to the most important arguments for your personal point of view. In the last sentence of the statement, think about a solution or make suggestions on how the issue could still be resolved. It is also possible to make a recommendation for an alternative approach to the problem in the conclusion of the statement.

Tips and support for the statement in the subject German

Before you begin composing your written opinion, be sure to read this material several times. It is important that the full content is clear to you, down to the smallest detail. Think about a point of view that you can well defend with plausible – i.e., comprehensible – arguments. Find at least three arguments that support your point of view. Structure the text and make notes that will help you write your statement in German.

Types of arguments for the main part of the statement

In German we distinguish between different types of arguments:

  • authoritative argument
    (z.B. quote from an authority figure or institution appropriate to the topic)
  • Factual argument
    (argument that is particularly difficult to refute because it is based on facts)
  • indirect argument
    (this is an excellent way to simply undermine the arguments of the opposing side)
  • Normative argument
    (normative, i.e. binding and generally accepted views are used)
  • Plausibility argument
    (is not based on facts, the argument is supported in a logically comprehensible way)

It may make for better readability and easier text comprehension if you use different types of arguments in the body of your written statement. In any case, be sure to give detailed reasons for each argument and "back it up" with facts. Your strongest and therefore last argument in the body of the statement should always be a factual argument. It is important that your arguments fit together logically, otherwise it may be difficult for the reader to find the deeper meaning in your written statement.

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