This is how easy it is to put together your custom water cooling system

Although there are some water cooling systems on the market that provide an all-round carefree package, so to speak, but these do not always fit into the existing systems. So a custom solution can be useful if you have very specific components installed, prefer an unusual arrangement of them, or just want a little more leeway. So, if you want to start the project of installing your custom water cooling system, you will first need four basic components: the cooler, the pump, the radiator as well as suitable hoses. We’ll now tell you what you have to pay attention to when choosing one.

The cooler

At the beginning of the process you have to decide, which parts of your PC you want to provide with the cooling. Because in the end, the choice of your cooler also depends on this. While you can actually connect any component – mainboard, power supply, memory, CPU and GPU – a custom watercooling system is especially worthwhile for the processor and the graphics card. Because these are usually the ones that work the hardest – especially if you use your PC for gaming – and are therefore the ones most prone to overheating or. to wear out. Therefore we want to focus on these two types as well.

The CPU cooler

They’re the easiest option to choose, because you don’t have to consider too much when it comes to the CPU cooler. It is important above all that you know the manufacturer and know on which pump the water is pumped Socket of the processor installed. Then nothing can really go wrong.

If you have these facts ready, it is about the choice of the cooling power. This depends on the Number of installed cooling fins. In general, the more fins, the larger the surface area and the more heat can be transferred from the CPU to the water.

However, the finer structure also means that the fluid meets more resistance, which in turn means that it cannot flow through as quickly. This means that the heat is dissipated more slowly. So make sure that you connect a pump that compensates this resistance as effectively as possible.

The GPU cooler

If you (also) want to connect your graphics card to the custom water cooler, this is usually a more complicated undertaking, because not every GPU is compatible with this system without further ado. Many Grakas are even delivered with pre-installed fans. For your existing card, you can find lists online that show whether it is made for water cooling or not. If you’re just buying a new model, it’s best to ask whether such a cooling variant is possible before making the final decision.

If you are able to connect your graphics card, we would also always recommend you to use a so called "water cooler" Fullcover water cooling advise. This means that a relatively large area cooler is placed on the card here. This means that the water can not only flow around the graphics chip, but also the memory blocks and the power supply. All of these components are ultimately responsible for the heat generated by the card. Thus, for efficient cooling, it is useful to immediately "intercept" the heat at the possible exit points.

The pump

So that the water the excess Also effectively dissipate heat can, it needs a pump that moves it. Here you have the choice between very different sized variants. These can be adapted to your individual needs. Basically, though, you can assume that the higher volume models will bring less pressure but will be quieter overall than the smaller pumps.

You also need an expansion tank to fill your custom water cooling system. This is the place where excess air is collected. In addition, it can provide pressure equalization when it is needed. Generally speaking, there are definitely models where Pump and balance tank have been put together. But you can also install them separately in the case.

There is water in a pump in a PC

The Radiator

The radiator is essential for efficient custom water cooling, because it is responsible for releasing the absorbed heat into the environment. First of all you have to choose between internal and external heat exchangers decide.

The internal radiator

As the name suggests, the internal radiator is located inside the computer case. With this very limited in its construction, because the space as well as the potential positions are limited. Conversely, this means that only a limited number of fans can be used to cool the water. Therefore, heat exchangers with two or three fans are the only ones available on the market.

However, with this, an internal radiator always brings similar problems as the conventional fan system. The excess heat lingers in the housing and can only be partially released into the environment. That is why Planning here in any case the most important thing.

A red fan was connected to a water cooling system

Above all, make sure that you have one that is as large distance between the most powerful components (usually graphics card and processor) and the radiator create. In addition, the radiator should always be installed close to the case fan itself, so that the maximum volume of heated air is immediately discharged to the outside and heat accumulation is prevented.

The external radiator

You are better off with an external radiator. This will about hoses connected to the cooler on the GPU or CPU and immediately dissipates the heat generated to the environment. It has constant access to fresh air and is therefore particularly efficient. The inside of the case, on the other hand, hardly heats up. You are also not limited in size (and thus the power you need).

The hoses

In order to connect the individual components with each other and to put the system into operation, you still need the appropriate hoses. Here you should first pay attention to the size of your connections of pump, radiator and cooler. Because only if these correspond to the diameter of the hoses, a safe transport of the liquid can be guaranteed. In addition, we strongly advise you to also Sealing rings use – these will help you prevent unwanted leaks.

The Standard hose measures 1/4″ by the way. Here, the first number indicates the inside diameter in inches, while the second quantifies the outside diameter. In Europe, however, the 13/10 hose (i.e. 13 mm outer diameter, 10 mm inner diameter) is widely used.

You can see how hoses are attached to a mainboard

Once you have found out the appropriate diameter, it goes to the choice of the tube itself. Most systems resort to flexible variants. The main advantage of these is that they can be easily customized and actually fit into any environment. Do you, on the other hand, enjoy tinkering, can also rigid Pipes Be an attractive alternative. However, it is essential to make a plan beforehand and to adjust the variables accordingly.

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