The resume is the most important part of your application documents. Based on its contents, recruiters decide whether you’re the right candidate for the advertised job or not. For this reason, you should use the resume to specifically highlight your strengths and skills. We tell you how to build the perfect resume – including free resume templates to download!
Three steps to a good resume
|If you are sitting in front of a blank Word document or want to completely redesign your existing resume, you should first spread out your own professional life in front of you. Sounds banal, but it provides a good basis: All professional stations, all degrees, education and training. In addition, there is additional information such as hobbies and soft skills.|
|Not everything you put together in the first step really fits into an up-to-date resume. Relevant are only those facts, which support your own portfolio of professional and personal values underline. By way of example: the vacation job as a gas station attendant in 1996 does not have to be mentioned in an application for an accountant position. The internship at an accounting firm should have space though.|
Pursue your goal
|This follows immediately: Not only the cover letter, but also the resume can point to a specific employer or company. its industry. For this purpose, it is advisable to research the most important facts about the respective employer: Field of activity, industry, corporate culture, etc. In addition, desired requirements from the job advertisement should appear in the resume and cover letter – recruiters are specifically looking for "Keywords".|
The perfect resume stands and falls with the structure. In recent years, the tabular form has become established, because it allows the recruiter to filter out all the important information at a glance. The career of a person is given without gaps and antichronologically.
Particularly important for the tabular CV is, besides the Clarity and the Completeness the rule of thumb that not longer than two pages should be. The following contents must be included:
- Personal information and contact details
- Professional career
- Internships and projects
- Special knowledge
- Qualifications, further education and certificates
- Personal interests
If your curriculum vitae shows temporal Gaps you should be able to argue this in the job interview. Read more about gaps in the resume below.
It may seem old-fashioned, but handwritten resumes are still required in some cases. What employers want to achieve? Primarily, they want to find out how motivated the respective candidate is – because only if he or she is actually interested in the job, will he or she have Additional information of this type afford.
Unlike the tabular resume, the handwritten one is written in the form of a essay is much more detailed in terms of content and is divided into the sections introduction, main body and conclusion. The previous jobs are listed in chronological order The resume should be presented in a chronological order and not in an antichronological one, as it is the case with the tabular resume.
Curriculum vitae for students
Students tend to have little to no work experience to show for it. How do you grease up your resume and make yourself interesting as a worker?? In such a case, it is important to own personality as well as strengths and competences from behind the curtain and underline them. Relevant interests and hobbies that have a direct connection to the desired job or internship are an advantage here.
Regarding the structure, due to the clarity the tabular resume form recommended. The following contents should definitely be present:
- Personal information and contact details
- School education
- Internships or part-time jobs
- Special skills
- Personal interests
You absolutely want Experience abroad collect, whether education, training or new job? Then – if you are a European citizen – the Europass can help you to realize these dreams as uncomplicated as possible. He does namely internationally comparable professional qualifications and thus reduce obstacles to mobility.
In total, the Europass comprises five different documents:
- resume including cover letter
- Language passport
- Europass mobility certificate
- Diploma supplement
By the way, not only you as an employee benefit from the use of a Europass, but also employers and institutions of education and training.
Resume in English
If you dare to go abroad, you will probably have to submit your application documents in English. Here it is not enough to focus only on the differences between an English and a German CV. Because even with Curriculum Vitae (CV for short) and Resume essential deviations come to light, to which attention must be paid.
The main differences between the German and the English resume occur with respect to the following categories:
- personal data
The American Resume can be considered as Information sheet The photo should be a single page (never more, unless you have a lot of work experience) that clearly presents the most important data and skills of an applicant. The content consists of Personal Details, Personal Profile, Skills, Education, Professional Experience and References.
The CV in contrast to the resume is essential detailed. However, the previous activities are not presented antichronologically, but, as with the resume, in overarching headings. A CV includes Personal Details, Career Objective, Area of Expertise, Work Experience, Education, and Language and Skills.
To help you with the preparation of your CV or resume, we present in the related article free sample templates available.
Your resume could look like this.
Photo in the resume
The application photo is as much a part of the resume as the amen in prayer. And this despite the fact that Equal Treatment Act according to the employer, it is not allowed to force an applicant to include a photo in the application documents.
While in the European countries the application photo belongs to the good tone, one has completely distanced oneself from it in the USA, Canada, England, Ireland and Australia, in order to Minimize the risk of discrimination. Personal data should also be kept to an absolute minimum in an English resume. In China and Japan, where society is characterized by a particular pressure to perform, there is no way of getting by without a serious application photo.
Positioning your portrait is usually in the upper range of your resume, your gaze should be directed towards the text. Also with regard to Size There are standards: 6 centimeters high and 4.5 centimeters wide, respectively. a pixel resolution of 531 x 709 is usual.
Hobbies in resume
Whether hobbies belong in the resume or not, there are often very different opinions. It is at least not obligatory to state your private passions. However, your personal interests can be relevant for recruiters, because they reveal a lot about you as a person, symbolize certain soft skills and let you assess if the Cultural Fit between applicant and company is right.
But beware: as is often the case, certain faux pas can put a spanner in the works. If you decide to enhance your resume with hobbies, you should on these three things Pay attention:
- Lies have short legs! So do yourself a favor and refrain from making up any hobbies.
- your free time is crammed with extraordinary obligations? It is better to include only the really important ones in your resume, otherwise your future employer may think that you have neither time nor head for work.
- Whether lazing around, watching TV or shopping – hobbies without any added value have no place in your resume!
Lying in your CV
The attempt to build up the CV with Blunders is generally never crowned with success – because sooner or later every structure of lies collapses. Experienced recruiters know: the professional career, knowledge as well as completed trainings are especially liked to be "embellished". And applicants don’t always stick to the truth on the following points either:
- Foreign languages
- duties in previous positions
- leadership skills
- Project management skills
- Former salary
However, there are situations in which it is permissible to lie. To questions that your privacy in any way, you don’t have to pay any resp. Do not give a truthful answer. For a recruiter taboo Are your religious beliefs, your party or union affiliation, your health situation, and anything concerning your marital status, desire to have children, pregnancy, or partnership.
If they find out about gross lies on your part, which do not fall into these categories, then this has quite a few consequences serious consequences for you. On the one hand, a termination without notice may be given. And on the other hand it could lead to Charge because of Fraud or on Compensation come.
Gap in your resume
Speaking of lies … Especially gaps in the resume – whether self-inflicted or not – applicants try to conceal and in doing so they sometimes get quite creative. Breaks in the curriculum vitae per se are nothing unusual. You just have to know how to deal with it.
By the way, a gap is only mentioned if the period of time exceeds more than two months extends. If that’s the case for you, you shouldn’t let this break go unexplained. For example, dropping out of college or changing careers can be easily sold as a new orientation. And a longer "time out" between different stages of life (after the Matura, after the study etc.) will also not automatically be interpreted negatively to you.
Did you have to protracted illness interrupt your professional career, then you should definitely mention this in your resume. However, you do not have to disclose which illness it was exactly.
Also Cancellations must be explained somehow. If the fault was not yours, you should state the reason for this (e.g., the reason for a gap).B. insolvency of the employer). If you have brought the termination upon yourself, it requires more tact and sensitivity. However you proceed here: Don’t talk badly about your former employer! This does not go down well with recruiters at all.
In addition to a positive formulation, it is important to emphasize the period of time that you spent without a job as relevant. If you spent months traveling the world, you probably got a lot out of it soft skills learned and adapted to your knowledge of foreign languages be able to file. But other forms of downtime can also be used productively by continuing your education or learning entirely new skills.
Dropout in the curriculum vitae
Time and again, young people decide to hang up their studies. But laziness is only in the rarest cases behind it. The most common reasons for dropping out of college are:
- Too high demands
- False ideas
- Other talents
- Private reasons
Good to know: Dropping out of college is not a knock-out criterion when applying for a job! However, it is important to be honest and not to conceal it. After all, since you took classes during your time at the university, you weren’t idle for months on end. This means that you also actually No gap in your resume have. By the way, the longer ago the dropout occurred and the shorter the stay at the university, the less relevant it is.
Trust is good, control is better!
Once you have finished creating your resume, it is time to review it one last time read through thoroughly. Even if you have searched for errors countless times, typos or one too many spaces sometimes escape our attention. To be on the safe side, if you should interrupt Person you trust ask for an additional, critical look at your resume. Four eyes see better than two.
Download free sample templates
Now that you know everything there is to know about resumes, you can start revising your own or creating a new one. To make this a little easier for you, here’s a detailed guide to creating a resume – including free sample templates, which you can download and easily edit at home.