Sauna for home: prerequisite, cost and tips

Sauna for home: prerequisite, cost and tips. Sauna: A sauna in the house must comply with building codes. Proper ventilation is also important. (Source: Getty Images/miljko)

If you want to have a sauna in your own garden or in the basement, you can build it yourself. In specialized trade for this purpose are offered both kits and instructions. However, before you fulfill your dream of your own wellness oasis, you should consider certain factors. For a rough overview we have summarized the most important points for you.

By the way: A sauna can also be installed in rented apartments. The models are about the size of a closet and can be easily taken along when moving house.

Rules for proper sauna at a glance

Take your time (Source: Getty Images/Ridofranz)

Shower beforehand (Source: Getty Images/deepblue4you)

Naked or with towel (Source: Getty Images/PeopleImages)

Don't overdo it (Source: Getty Images/SKatzenberger)

Show consideration (Source: Getty Images/shironosov)

Greetings are common (Source: Getty Images/PeopleImages)

Resting is not naked (Source: Getty Images/Lacheev)

No alcohol (Source: Getty Images/BrianAJackson)

If you are ill, the sauna is off-limits (Source: Getty Images/Ridofranz)

Photo series with 10 images

Home sauna: the right location

Sauna in the house

In principle, you can install a sauna anywhere in your own house – whether basement, attic or in between. However, in any case, a lot of space is needed. In addition, you should consider that in the intended room all relevant connections for electricity and water should be available or can be installed without problems. The same applies to the ventilation system.

Your own sauna should be on a smooth and, above all, waterproof floor – the best tip here is still tiles.

Tip
How big your sauna should be depends on the number of people using it at the same time. Calculate with about 1.5 square meters per sauna user.

Sauna in the garden

If you want to build a sauna in your garden, it is a so-called sauna house . These prefabricated saunas can have different shapes such as barrels, log cabins or in Scandinavian style.

Tip
For both the garden sauna and the sauna in the house, you should think about seating and lounging possibilities in the vicinity during planning. It also makes sense to have a shower in the immediate vicinity.

Which sauna variant is suitable?

The choice of the location also depends on the type of the sauna. For example, the classic as well as the Finnish sauna are well suited for installation in the house. Because of these sweat rooms emanates a high temperature – between 80 and 110 degrees, but low humidity. Thus, they put less strain on the masonry than, for example, a low-temperature or bio sauna, or even the steam sauna . These sauna variants are ideal for the garden. 100 percent humidity prevails in them, which can quickly lead to the formation of mold on the walls and in the masonry in the interior if handled incorrectly.

Observe building regulations

Sauna in the house

You do not need a building permit for an indoor sauna, as long as it is located in your own house or condominium. However, make sure that the statics are calculated correctly and that the connections for water, electricity and ventilation are available.

Sauna in the garden

In most federal states you need a permit to build a sauna in your own backyard. It is therefore advisable to ask the relevant building authority about the subject and obtain the appropriate building permit.

Within a settlement

Outside a settlement

from 40 m³
Volume

from 20 m³ volume

from 75 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 10 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 75 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 10 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 30 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 30 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 10 m 2
Gross total area

Building permit always requ.

from 40 m³
Volume

from 20 m³ gross volume

from 75 m³
Volume

only for agriculture and forestry

from 50 m³
Room volume

from 10 m³ gross volume

from 10 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 10 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

from 10 m³
volume

Building permit always requ.

from 30 m³
Volume

from 10 m³ gross volume

from 10 m³
Volume

Building permit always requ.

However, if your garden sauna is below a certain size, you do not need a building permit. Nevertheless, even in the case of buildings that do not require a permit, you must comply with the building code requirements. This includes, for example, keeping the distance to the neighboring building. This should be at least three meters.

You also have to think about fire protection for your garden sauna:

  • The hot air must be able to escape unhindered into the open air;
  • a fire hazard must not emanate from the building;
  • the sauna must stand on a solid foundation.

A sauna with a wood-burning stove also needs a chimney, because it is a fireplace. The fume hood must also be regularly maintained by the chimney sweep.

Info
An electric sauna is not a fireplace. If you use an electric heater, it is usually procedure-free. However, it should necessarily be installed by a specialist.

Ventilation for the sauna

Every sauna needs an exhaust air possibility as well as a fresh air supply.

Sauna in the house

Even though most high-quality steam oases today have good steam insulation, you should still make absolutely sure that the room for the sauna can always be well ventilated. If this is not the case, major damage can occur. windows or other ventilation measures are a must here.

Especially in the basement, a sauna can become a big problem. Because sauna increases the temperature of the room and the humidity of the air. Since many basement rooms do not have sufficient thermal insulation, this moisture is deposited on the cooled wall as condensation water. The masonry soaks. Mold can form and the building fabric suffers. Therefore, before building a sauna in the house, it is important to ensure adequate ventilation and thermal insulation. Helpful here is, for example, the installation of an airtight vapor barrier. The floor also has to be prepared accordingly. In addition, an appropriate ventilation system should be installed to ensure proper exchange between outdoor and indoor air.

Sauna in the garden

The garden sauna, if a wood stove is installed, requires a chimney through which the exhaust air can escape. The system must be regularly inspected by the chimney sweep.

The right wood for the sauna

If there is one thing you should not save on when buying a sauna at home, it is wood and its quality. The best wood for your sweat corner consists of a high density, so it is very hard and strong. Due to their climatic origin, woods such as Nordic spruce or Canadian hemlock are most suitable.

Inside your sauna, the wood should definitely have a low thermal conductivity, so that the seating area does not get too hot. A good tip here is wood from poplars. Otherwise, however, lime, aspen or obeche wood is also suitable.

The right stove for heating

For a sauna you can either

  • a wood-burning stove,
  • a combi stove,
  • an electric heater or
  • a gas stove

use. They differ both in energy consumption and in the way the heat develops and unfolds in the room. For the garden sauna the wood stove is suitable. Pay attention to DIN EN 15821. It regulates the approval of sauna stoves fired with wood. If you build a sauna in the house, an electric heater makes sense.

As a rule, each sauna requires a power connection, which is best to install a professional. He can then immediately start to install the stove.

How quickly the sauna is heated at home depends on both the size of the room and the power of the heater. For a 4.5 cubic meter sauna you need a sauna stove with an output of about six kilowatts (kW). For larger sweat houses, for eight to twelve cubic meters, the stove should have a power of 7.5 kilowatts (kW). Larger models with ten to 14 cubic meters need a 9-kW stove.

Tip
An underbench heater is very space-saving – but does not allow for infusion.

Costs for a sauna of one’s own

If you resort to a prefabricated sauna, you should expect a one-time cost of about 5.000 Euro. Less expensive home saunas are presented in this article about saunas for the home . Depending on quality and size accordingly more. The heater can also have a significant impact on the price. For a longer pleasure you should not save with your wellness oasis, however, with the quality of the materials or the stove.

Sauna in the house

In general, the following costs can be incurred for a two-person prefabricated sauna:

  • Sauna cabin (kit): 1.500 to 9.000 euros
  • Electric sauna heater: 200 to 400 euros
  • construction: 200 to 300 euros
  • Connection of electronics: 200 to 350 euros

In addition, you should expect costs for the installation of the ventilation system.

In addition to these one-time expenses, there are also the operating costs for the sauna. Per sauna session these are between two and four euros.

Sauna in the garden

In general, the following costs can be incurred for a two-person prefabricated sauna in the garden:

  • Sauna cabin (kit): 2.000 to 10.000 euros
  • wood-burning sauna stove: 300 to 600 euros
  • Construction: 300 to 500 euros
  • connection to the pipes: 200 to 350 euros

For the garden sauna with a wood stove, there are additional costs for acceptance by the chimney sweep. These amount to 50 to 150 euros.

A sauna session is estimated at less than one euro.

Saving costs when taking a sauna
Very good insulation can reduce the cost of your sauna visit. With the electric sauna heater you can also fall back on a 230-volt variant. It is not operated with heavy current, but the household current and consumes less energy. A smaller sauna also reduces the cost, because in it the heat can spread faster.

  • Eleven rules for relaxed sweating:Sauna etiquette
  • Healthy heat:How sauna strengthens the cardiovascular system
  • Size, accessories, care:Your own pool – these are the costs you will incur
  • Wellness at home:Relaxation in your own home sauna

The right seals for environment and safety

When buying the sauna, look for an FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) seal. The seal stands for environmentally conscious business in terms of raw material procurement and end customer control. Another important seal for your sauna is the VDE test seal. The VDE mark from the Association of Electrical, Electronic & Information Technologies e. V. (VDE) proves that the electrotechnical product has been tested and meets certain standards. It also states that certain protection requirements are met as long as the use is proper. It stands for a high quality standard for the technical equipment of the sauna.

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