Natural disaster, power outage, pandemic – the Federal Office for Disaster Relief recommends stocking up on emergency supplies. test.de reveals what really belongs in it.
Pre-packed packages with long-lasting items
Canned beans, freeze-dried berries, protein preparations – specialized suppliers turn the fear of emergencies into a business and sell emergency packages with very long-lasting foodstuffs. Sometimes toilet paper, camping toilet or even pepper spray are part of the supply.
Prepared for an emergency
For many years, the target group was mainly so-called preppers, i.e. people who expect a catastrophe at any time and want to be prepared accordingly – with emergency backpacks, tools for survival in nature, and weapons for self-defense. But in the Corona crisis, the potential clientele also includes many who have previously given little thought to their crisis supplies.
Buying for yourself is usually cheaper
Professional emergency preparedness comes at a price, as some suppliers charge a lot of money for their stockpiles: A classic 28-day emergency supply can cost around 300 euros, including milk powder, whole egg powder, canned pulses, rice and pasta.
But according to our calculations, those who buy the products individually can often save around a third of the money – and also select the food according to individual preferences.
Take individual needs into account
According to the Federal Office for Population Protection and Disaster Relief (BBK), it can be helpful for every household to stockpile food – for example, in case of a power outage, severe weather, quarantine or illness. The BKK advises: "Take into account allergies, food intolerances or special needs such as baby food, but also personal preferences when compiling your supplies. This is what the tips for compiling a stockpile say. It assumes a daily energy requirement of 2,200 kilocalories. The daily rations of commercial emergency packages are often less than that.
Independent. Objective. Incorruptible.
Canned food is better than powder
The Federal Office’s checklist also recommends storing food and ready-to-eat meals in jars and cans because they are already cooked and no longer need to be prepared. For dried products, on the other hand, additional liquid is needed, which may have to be diverted from the urgently needed drinking water. A person can go about three weeks without food, but at most four days without liquid. Every drop is worth it.
The BBK estimates the beverage requirement of an adult at 2 liters per day – half a liter of it is intended for cooking. It makes sense to stock up on mineral water. Suppliers specify minimum shelf-life periods of six months to two years for their waters.
Stocks sufficient for ten days in the event of a crisis
Some emergency package providers advertise the long shelf life of their products, which canned foods from the grocery store cannot match. But if you buy what tastes good anyway, you can just as easily use up and renew your stock on a regular basis – and save yourself expensive extreme long-life food.
By the way, the BBK considers a ten-day supply to be sufficient in the event of a crisis. At the latest, a basic supply of the population should be guaranteed again. With some commercial providers, it often only starts with packages that last for several weeks.
Tips for pre-serving
In addition to the Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) also states on its website that "food supplies.de advice to the stock. With the help of the stock calculator, everyone can calculate their individual needs there – no matter if you are a meat eater or a vegetarian. According to the BMEL, "a sufficient (emergency) stock of food should be available for about 10 days . be available in every household". This not only helps in emergencies, but also makes daily life easier, as stockpiling saves time – and also money, for example by taking advantage of special offers.
These foodstuffs are good for the store cupboard
Canned foods with fish such as tuna, fruit or vegetables are best suited for storage. Applesauce and apple puree, red cabbage or veggie spreads keep for a long time even in the jar. Dry products such as rice, flour, sugar, salt, cookies, crispbread, lentils, beans, instant broth or pasta are also good to recommend. UHT milk or milk alternatives such as soy or oat drinks also last for several months – some drinks last up to a year.
Store supplies in a cool, dry and dark place. They should be checked every few weeks for pest infestation. Products with a long shelf life are best placed at the back of the shelf, while those that are due soon are at the front.