Do you have to quote in a paper?

Must one actually quote in a paper? And if so, how?

This was just recently again a topic in my Facebook group for students. To be more precise, the question was whether you should list the literature used for the paper in the PowerPoint presentation at the end, since what is said is nothing more than a collection of indirect citations. The question is exciting, so I like to take it up in this blog article.

Why you have to quote

First of all quite generally here again the reference that you must make clear in a term paper, Bachelor’s thesis, master’s thesis or dissertation, if you rely on foreign knowledge, which will be the case over long distances. You must provide a reference for both direct (literal) and indirect (analogous) quotations.

Whether you also need a page reference depends on whether you are referring to the publication as a whole or only to part of it. If the latter is the case, most citation rules also provide for a page reference. A correct document could then read, for example: Muller 1999, S. 23.

Citation in the paper

You should also make it clear in your presentation if you are relying on someone else’s knowledge. However, this is not possible throughout, because you are speaking and it is hardly reasonable for the listeners to be told the source references beforehand. Here are a few tips on how to solve the problem of proper citation in a presentation:

1 Set out the state of research.

At the beginning of the presentation (preferably after a short introduction), go into who has already dealt with your topic and when. Or said differently: Speak clearly, which is the most important literature to your topic and why this literature is important for you.

2 Provide evidence for literal resp. direct quotations in the presentation.

If you want to name an author or. cite an author verbatim, you must necessarily use their or. give his name. If you also put the citation in the PowerPoint presentation, make a full citation there with a complete bibliography (incl. page number).

3 Name the author if you are presenting important results.

This point is surely the most delicate: Here it concerns namely the sense-moderate verbal rendition of strange knowledge. Against the background of my teaching experience as well as many years of research and lecture practice, I advise you to use the author resp. to name the author, if you particularly important results of it and/or. give it back. This could then read something like this in the presentation:

Muller first drew attention to this in her 1999 essay entitled XY.

As Meier explained in detail in his 2012 monograph, .
For the following points I rely on the results Fritz Huber presented in an essay in "Journal XY" has published.

Important: Do not fill your presentation with names, otherwise your presentation will quickly become brittle and the audience will feel overwhelmed. Only mention the author and publication if they are really central to your topic.

4 make a handout.

It can be quite useful to make a handout on which the most important literature on your topic is listed. If you decide to use a handout, please hand it out before your presentation (and with before I mean, before you start talking) and then explain right at the beginning what the handout is about or what it is about. why you handed it out. By the way, you can go into the handout particularly well when you talk about the state of research (see point 1 above).

I don’t think it makes sense to list the literature in the last PowerPoint slide. In the end, such a compilation is of no interest to anyone (in terms of function, it can be compared to a bibliography) not comparable with a bibliography). In the worst case, it even kills the attention, if there is to be a discussion following the presentation.

Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: