Many people decide to give a dog from the shelter or even a street dog from abroad a new and loving home. However straight with the topic Adoption of dogs from abroad there are some things that have to be considered.
How does it behave with the Entry requirements and which Duties come on the new owner of the dog? What if a dog is to be adopted from a country that is not part of the European Union?? And what to look out for when adopting a dog from a German shelter?
What to pay attention to when adopting a dog?
Important considerations in the apron
The decision to adopt a dog should not be taken lightly. Keeping a dog means responsibility. So the most important questions that the future master or mistress should ask themselves in advance:
- Do I have enough time to take care of the dog?
- Can I pay the costs caused by a dog (food, care, dog tax, veterinary bills, etc.)?.) carry?
- Is there enough space available in the apartment and is dog ownership allowed there at all??
- If a family member is allergic?
- Do I have friends/acquaintances who can take care of the dog temporarily if I am not able to do so myself??
Adopting a dog from abroad
Particularly in the south of Europe holiday-makers come across stray homeless four-legged friends who live on the street. Also the animal shelters in the southern European countries are usually overcrowded and the animals live there under much worse conditions than it is the case in Germany. Not infrequently the sympathy of the holiday-makers is aroused quite fast and they see themselves as new masters and/or mistresses of the straying dog. But to take the dog home just like that is on the one hand unreasonable and on the other hand illegal. Which dangers lurk and what else do willing adoptive parents need to know??
The unknown history of the dog
It is rare to find a pedigree dog among the southern European street dogs, but mostly mixed breeds are looking for a new home. There is only in very few cases information about the origin and the previous life of the dog. Accordingly, the new owner does not know, for example, how high the risk is that the dog suffers from a hereditary disease, which has perhaps only not yet broken out. Bone diseases, such as hip dysplasia or also arthrosis are often hereditary, for example. The article "Bone diseases in dogs" in the pet blog of zooroyal.de offers further information in this regard. However, also heart defects, disorders of the immune system and numerous other diseases are partly of genetic origin.
But not only hereditary diseases contain a certain risk, also the social behavior of the animals can be predicted only with difficulty. Many of the dogs have had bad experiences and have been mistreated. Some dogs have a lifelong fear of men, others can only be housetrained with a lot of patience. Of course, even a street dog can become a loving and well-mannered pet dog, but this process often takes a lot of time and empathy. People who have never raised a dog before should think twice about whether they feel up to the task.
Street dogs have usually fed on garbage on the street for a long time and lived in unacceptable conditions. Parasites and other pathogens are therefore the rule rather than the exception. Diseases, against which every dog is vaccinated in Western Europe, can spread unhindered among street dogs in southern countries. There are also the so-called "Mediterranean diseases". These are diseases that occur mainly in countries of the Mediterranean region, where it is warmer than in Germany. The best known Mediterranean disease in dogs is leishmaniasis, which is transmitted by the sand fly and cannot be cured.
Dubious animal welfare organizations
Numerous dogs from southern countries are offered including photo on the sides of animal protection organizations. Most of them are serious associations, but there are also black sheep among them, which are only interested in earning money through the mediation of dogs. If you choose your dog through an animal welfare organization on the Internet, you should find out beforehand whether it is a registered non-profit organization with a tax number and a permanent contact person. Another important point: reputable animal welfare organizations transport their dogs with TRACES (a uniform, Europe-wide database for tracking animal transports within the European Union and from third countries).
What is it about the protection contract?
A Protection contract is concluded with the new dog owner by animal shelters in Germany and Austria as well as by foreign animal welfare organizations. This is of mutual interest, as it lists the rights and obligations of the new owner, but also the animal welfare organization. For example, it is the duty of the new owner to guarantee a species-appropriate attitude of the animal and the organization reserves the right to check the species-appropriate attitude by means of control visits. In addition, breeding with the animal in question is prohibited and the owner is obliged to have it neutered at an appropriate age. Also a resale of the dog is forbidden. Should the owner no longer be able to take care of the dog, it is taken back by the animal welfare organization.
How are the entry regulations regulated?
So that the new roommate can legally enter Germany from another EU country, certain conditions must be met. Obligatory on entry are:
It is important to note that the vaccination against rabies must take place at least 30 days before the animal leaves the country. If the animal has already been vaccinated, the vaccination must not have taken place more than twelve months ago.
What if the dog does not come from an EU country?
In this case, the legislator distinguishes between listed and non-listed third countries with regard to the entry requirements. Listed countries are considered rabies-free and entry requirements are comparable to those from EU countries. If the country is not listed, a blood sample must be taken to prove that the dog does not have rabies before it is allowed to enter Germany. The analysis of the blood sample must be done in a laboratory recognized by the EU.
Dog adoption from a domestic animal shelter
If the dog is to be adopted from a domestic shelter, there are usually several preliminary interviews first and the dog and the future owner have time to get to know each other better. Some animal shelters also visit the future owners at home to make sure that the dog can be kept there in a species-appropriate manner. If both sides agree, a Protection contract closed, as is the case with adoption from an EU country. Dogs from German and Austrian shelters are already dewormed, vaccinated, defleaed and chipped when they are handed over to their new owners. Older animals are also sometimes already castrated.
[box type="note"]Adopting a dog is a good thing, but must be thought through carefully. Especially people who have never kept a dog before, do not know what kind of responsibility they have to take. In addition, they lack the experience that is necessary to deal with a dog that is behaviorally conspicuous because of its past.
So no one should decide lightly and out of pure pity to get a dog from the shelter or take it from abroad, if he actually does not have the time or the means to guarantee a species-appropriate attitude.
Who informs itself in the apron exactly, looks for the discussion with experts and feels up to the task, does however well to give a new and affectionate home to a homeless dog.[/box]