In order for your vegetables to grow strong in the bed and be spared from disease, you need to resort to certain tricks: Mixed culture is the keyword here.
Every amateur gardener has heard of mixed culture, but have you looked into it in more detail? With this ancient method of garden planting you can protect your vegetables from pests and diseases, and also keep the soil fresh for longer.
Growing mixed crops: How does it work?
To put it simply, mixed culture means that the right vegetables should be grown side by side. How to plan a mixed culture, also reveals 24garden.en*. Because certain types of vegetables go better together than others – this is due to their different needs and characteristics, which complement each other resp. do not get in the way. In this way, the vegetables can draw a wide variety of nutrients from the soil without taking any from each other. At the same time, the nutrients in the soil remain balanced.
In mixed cultures, you not only avoid plants competing with each other for nutrients, you even ensure that they strengthen each other. With the help of scents, they drive away predators, for example, as the German Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU) writes. This is the case with the combination of lettuce and fennel, and potatoes and student flowers, among others.
Mixed culture: You should not grow these plants next to each other
Now, of course, the question is how best to remember which plants go together and which don’t. You can remember it by their plant genera: Plants of one genus usually do not get along with each other because they have the same nutrient requirements. Here is a list of the most common plant genera and their representatives, which you should not plant next to each other.
- SolanaceaeTomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers
- Compositae: Iceberg lettuce, lettuce, endive lettuce
- Cruciferous: horseradish, cauliflower, mustard
- Umbellifers: celery, fennel, carrot
- Leeks: garlic, onions, leeks
- Legumesbeans, peas
Which vegetables are allowed together in a mixed culture?
One gives a little mnemonic to find out which vegetables go together: Usually it is those plants that also taste good together on the dinner plate, as the online portal Gartenlexikon writes. Examples are:
- Cucumbers and dill
- Tomatoes and basil
- Beans and savory
But even vegetables that do not fit together at first glance can cultivate a good neighborliness. These include Strawberries and garlic: The latter prevents attacks of gray mold on the strawberries. Chives and carrots also get along well, because the carrots protect against infestation by the carrot fly.
Below we have provided more examples of Vegetable plants including good neighbors listed for you: