Child benefit abroad: the most generous countries in comparison

Is child benefit available abroad?

In principle, every family in Germany receives child benefit up to and including the age of 18. Child benefit for children up to the age of 18. Child benefit can even be paid until the child reaches the age of 25. child benefit can be extended to the age of 65 if the child is in training or studying. But what happens to the child benefit if you emigrate?? Are German child benefits also paid abroad or do the regulations of the new country of residence then apply?? And which countries are particularly generous with regard to child benefits?? Here we give the answer to this.


child benefit in Germany

If you and your child live in Germany, the child lives in your household and is regularly cared for by you, you are entitled to child benefit until the child reaches the age of 18. Entitlement to child benefit. If the child is also attending school, training or studying, an extension is even possible up to the age of 25. Possible before the age of. Since July 2019, parents receive from the state monthly for the first and second child 204 euros each, with the third (210 euros) and each additional child (235 euros) there is even something more. Source: § 6 Federal Child Benefit Act (BKKG)

Child benefit for Germans living abroad

But what happens if the family emigrates? Is child benefit also paid if the child is resident abroad?

As a rule, parents with children are no longer entitled to German child benefit after moving abroad. Instead, the regulations of the respective destination country apply. Only in very few exceptional cases will child benefits continue to be paid. Parents can continue to receive child benefit from Germany if you live abroad, but in Germany unrestricted income tax liability are.

Since for most emigrants the domicile / usual place of residence is no longer in Germany, the child benefit will cease after the move.

There is a Special regulation for German expatriates, if they do not live in Germany, but the salary from a domestic or. public fund (federal government, states, municipalities) originates. Examples include civil servants working in a government institution outside Germany (z. B. embassy staff, diplomats, NATO staff).

On application individuals are also treated as having unlimited tax liability if they do not have a residence or habitual abode in Germany but have domestic income (as defined in Section 49 of the Income Tax Act). However, this only applies if the income in the calendar year becomes at least 90 percent are subject to German income tax. Examples are foreign pensioners with pension entitlements in Germany, development workers or missionaries.

Cross-border cases in Europe

The issue of child benefit becomes complicated in cross-border cases (so-called cross-border commuters) within the European Union, the European Economic Area (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway) and Switzerland. This applies to people who live abroad and whose children go to school there but work in Germany (and vice versa). In principle, there would then be entitlement to child benefit in several countries. In these cases, European law must be observed before national regulations and the principle of priority applies here: the state in which employment / gainful activity is carried out is then primarily responsible for child benefits. After that, the state in which the child lives is responsible. Source: leaflet child benefit in cross-border cases of the employment agency / as of December 2019

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