Today building a computer is not much more complicated in principle than building an IKEA shelf. Provided of course, one knows what one does and has the appropriate tool at hand. What is needed for the assembly, in which order should you proceed and what should you pay attention to?
PC assemble – fingertip and sensitivity A and O
As long as all the required individual components are present, they can be assembled into a functioning computer. The first thing to do is to use the right tools. Generally, you need cross-head screwdrivers in different sizes for all steps (fine mechanics screwdriver set), as well as tweezers and sufficient dexterity.
When handling the screws, it’s especially important not to tighten them too much, since they are usually very finely worked and can get broken that way. It can also happen that the screws can’t be loosened afterwards, if they are tightened too much.
Step 1: Potential equalization
To prevent voltages of several thousand volts from discharging on the processor or RAM, potential equalization should be performed before starting work. The easiest way to discharge the charged voltage is to briefly touch a radiator with one hand. Alternatively, an anti-static wrist strap or mat can be used during assembly.
If you do without the voltage equalization, you risk to permanently destroy the sensitive transistors on the processor or graphics card.
Step 2: Mainboard, CPU and RAM
The mainboard is so to speak the core element of a computer. The processor and RAM are placed on it, and all components are connected to the mainboard as well. To simplify the installation, it is advisable to place the CPU and the RAM already on the mainboard, before the mainboard is screwed into the case.
Instead of the CPU a protection plate is installed on the mainboard. This has to be removed carefully and the CPU has to be put into the socket holder. Then the heat sink is mounted on the processor. Here you have to pay attention to an even distribution of the thermal paste on the CPU. Then the RAM can be inserted into the memory slots.
Step 3: Case
Now that the mainboard is assembled, it can be inserted into the case. To do this, remove the side panel of the case and place it in front of you so that you can easily reach in from above. This makes the installation much easier. Now the mainboard can be screwed into the case with the help of the spacers.
When the mainboard is properly aligned, the cables of the case can be connected to the mainboard.
Step 4: Power supply and hard disk
The last step is to install the power supply and the hard disk. The hard disk is first mounted in the case with 4 screws and then connected to the mainboard via cable. Now the power supply can be inserted into the case and screwed in place. When the power supply is connected to the mainboard, the computer is ready.
Now the case can be closed and secured with the appropriate screws. After all peripheral devices (monitor, mouse, keyboard) are connected to the corresponding ports on the back of the computer, the computer can be switched on and the operating system can be installed.
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