Grips german 2 this is how your short presentation works

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It doesn’t matter if you’re giving a paper at school or a presentation for your colleagues: If you prepare well, you’ll have the audience on your side. We have summarized basic rules for you.

Stand: 01.08.2011 | Archive

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The point of a short lecture is not to reproduce texts, but also to obtain additional information in order to be able to present a topic in more detail.

The deeper you delve into a topic, the more comprehensive it will become. So you have to narrow down the issue. There are three options:

How do I narrow down a topic?

Presenting the extraordinary
Choose an event, a happening, an object that you haven’t heard of before and that is interesting to you and your classmates.

Select cutout
Limit yourself, for example, to a newspaper clipping or to one aspect of the topic.

Choose typical
Choose something that is typical of the whole, z. B. a species of animal from a genus, an invention that is important to a field of technology.

Aim of a short presentation

Before you start researching, you should think carefully about what the goal of your short talk is. Then you should structure your presentation accordingly. It is important to be complete, accurate, and understandable. Comprehensibility is based on the one hand on the way you speak, but on the other hand also on the fact that you formulate your thoughts in a simple and clear way and that people can follow your train of thought while listening.

Aim of a short presentation

The presentation must be understandable for everyone without recourse to the original document.

do not change the content, opinions and accentuation of the paper.

You should speak loudly and clearly and formulate your thoughts clearly and unambiguously.

The research

Preparing and giving a presentation requires perseverance. In order to familiarize yourself with a topic, it is helpful to read through the relevant texts in specialist books or even textbooks thoroughly. Mark important technical terms and key words. Then search the Internet for more information using the terms you have found. You quickly realize that you are getting a lot of information and need to narrow down your topic.

W-questions help to arrange

Collect to your limited topic W questions! These questions will help you to classify the information you have read.
(Examples: Who? What? Why? Why? How? When? What are the goals? How many? How long? What for?) Think carefully about what belongs in the introduction, main body and conclusion.

How do I structure a presentation??

To keep your listeners engaged and happy to listen, you should build it excitingly. Here we have some tips for you on how to make the introduction, the main part and the conclusion exciting:

What should you pay attention to?

1. IntroductionMake people curious about your topic at the beginning.
2. Main part: Make your talk varied.
3. Conclusion: Conclude your presentation effectively.

You want to know what your options are for elaboration? Behind the three headings are some suggestions for you:

Design possibilities


In the beginning, arouse curiosity about the topic:

  • through a picture (photo, caricature),
  • by a quotation that amazes,
  • by a suitable daily message.


Make your presentation varied:

  • prepare an outline,
  • through the use of different media (poster, film excerpt, picture, slide),
  • by asking questions to classmates.


Conclude the lecture effectively:

  • summarize the most important,
  • end with a personal statement that stimulates discussion,
  • Hand out a small crossword puzzle or quiz.

How is it easier to give a presentation?

Especially when speaking it depends very much on the character of the individual. One person likes to speak in front of people, another is very shy and therefore finds it difficult. However, anyone can give a good presentation if they inspire their audience and make them realize that they care or like the topic. Here are some tips that can make reciting easier:

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