Who plans to build its own house, has a whole piece of work before itself. Between Construction costs for the single-family house, the submission plan of the construction company and the process of building a house yourself, there are large amounts of hidden obstacles, which can make the house builder life difficult for you. Here you can read what these are and how to skilfully circumvent them.
1. Construction financing
When financing construction, it is important not to take any risks. A solid base of equity capital, paired with a building society savings plan, which is particularly popular in Austria, and a bank loan, can adequately finance your house construction. Plan for sufficient buffer, so that you have money available for all eventualities.
Pay attention to ancillary costs and finance them through to the end
What many overlook are ancillary costs that are incurred, such as the sewer connection, the development of the land, etc. If the house is ready to move in, but there is no money left for furnishing details, you can first move in with the furniture of the apartment and then ready to furnish as soon as you have saved more money. The only important thing is that the Financing extensive is enough to make the build a house ready to move in.
Inform yourself also in time about Construction subsidies from the state and other funding agencies. Especially for energy efficient building many organizations have funding pots ready.
2. choose plot thoroughly
In order to be able to break ground on building a house, you first need to have the right plot of land for your house plans. In Dedication plan is written how and what The right to build on a certain piece of land at all, more detailed information can be found in the development plan.
Garden or driveway in the north?
The zoning plan determines the structural usability of the land area. From this, the building lines can also be seen and prescribe which zones of the property may be built on and where, for instance, the garden may be laid out, etc.
Finding the right plot is not easy and requires patience as well as decisiveness.
In addition, the orientation according to the cardinal points and where the access road runs should be considered. Is the street to the north of the plot, the garden can be built to the south and enjoy the highest sunlight and a sunny terrace. If the driveway runs on the southern side, you have to get build terrace or winter garden facing the street, if you do not want to have it there predominantly shady.
Location, location, location
You should also clear about personal preferences its. This concerns the proximity to the neighbor, density of the settlement area, infrastructure, demography of the neighbors (example: a settlement area where mainly young families live, so that for example the children can play together, etc.).), environment, etc. How close to the city do I want to live? From how much nature I want to be surrounded. In addition, the location will also play a significant factor in the price.
3. Set up a loose schedule and stick to it
Let yourself a lot of time to build and possibly expect delays, especially if you otherwise jeopardize your housing situation. Suppose you quit your home by a certain date, but cannot meet the move-in date to the new house, you will have to temporarily live elsewhere, or move into the house that is not ready for occupancy. While not every decorative element needs to be in place before you move in At least the main living spaces should be functional be.
4. Space planning, layout and use: plan for the long term
Think carefully about how you live: What habits, hobbies, preferences do you have? Some rooms are always needed, but if you are already building your own house, you can also include hobby room, extra laundry room, studio, guest room, reading room, or others. This can go down to the smallest details, such as how you usually open doors and where the light switches are located. Go over all your routines in the future house in detail.
It is important to carefully plan the space in advance, because any remodeling is troublesome. © Gina Sanders – stock.adobe.com
Think about the details and also do not lose sight of the big picture. All this is important, above all, already in the planning stage. Rescheduling is fast – rebuilding will be tedious.
Keep also in the back of the head that certain things and also you change. If necessary, plan Rooms so that you can change their purpose, if necessary.
People get older and you never know what will happen. Wider doors and the possibility of barrier-free conversion, can save you a lot of time, nerves and money later on if the worst comes to the worst. Retirement planning also includes making life a ground level floor possible.
5. Innovative ideas for house building, construction technology& Smart Homes
The technology does not stop logically also before the building technique. Smart home and energy efficiency seem to be the buzzwords of the hour.
When it comes to smart homes, it’s important to consider, how far the control of the home should go, because many things are possible. Blinds can automatically adjust and retract in windy conditions. The pellet heating system can detect by itself whether it still needs to heat, or whether the solar heating has already heated the water in the boiler sufficiently. Not to speak of voice-controlled multimedia system.
The tablet or smartphone serves as a remote control for heating, windows, doors and all electronic devices. you don’t have to think about turning off the stove when you’re on the road – you can just check it out.
6. Energy and heat management
An energy certificate is needed nowadays for every newly built or for sale house. Whether this is more or less impressive is of course determined by the type of construction. You can build in such a way that you can just about fit in Minimum requirements of the building code keeps, or a low-energy or even a passive house to put.
Energy-saving houses: how ecological do I want to build?
Passive houses are those that, provided they have have a photovoltaic system, completely energy self-sufficient are. They then obtain neither gas nor electricity from a local grid, but produce, store and use heat and energy themselves. Photovoltaic system, cross heat exchanger in the ventilation system and ideal, natural insulation materials turn your house into your own small, self-sufficient power plant, which is considered absolutely future-proof in times of the energy transition.
In addition, also summer overheating an increasingly important issue. Large glass surfaces in the south are indeed a maximum supplier of light and heat, which makes the short, cold days seem much longer and warmer in the winter, but in the summer you have an involuntary sauna behind it. This must be taken into account and counteracted, for example, with special external venetian blinds whose slats can be adjusted in such a way that although light comes into the living space, but the glass surface and thus the space behind it are not too much warmed up by the sun.
The choice of building materials
In addition make a personal decision regarding the building materials. Here, the issue of cost probably plays quite a large role, because the most energy-efficient and environmentally friendly building materials are unfortunately usually somewhat more expensive.
For example, the question arises between brick and wood. Wood is currently booming as a building material for the exterior walls, because with wood one can build thinner walls with the same insulation value and therefore has to be same external dimensions a larger usable living space, than when building with bricks.
When it comes to insulation material, you have the choice between Styrodur, mineral wool, cellulose or wood fiber insulation. Styrodur and mineral wool are both from the material itself, and from the manufacturing effort to be classified as environmentally harmful. With the disposal one has with it far larger problems, than with the natural materials. The only advantage really lies in the lower acquisition costs. The insulation effect is about the same.
7. Do not forget about the garden!
When planning your single-family home, you should definitely include the garden in your plans.
At least a rough plan of the garden should be in place when construction begins.
If you do not arrange it also parallel to the building of the house, at least a concept should stand and be paid attention to the fact that one does not "obstruct" itself anything and one does not have to rebuild then with the garden organization again, or make losses.
What many people do not think about is that even in the Garden furnishings which are perhaps not as weatherproof as the plants. These must then find refuge in an interior, and preferably in a space planned for it. A part of the garage, an extension, a room in the basement, or a nice garden shed would be suitable for this purpose.
If one thinks early enough also about it, this storage space fits finally also to the total concept to it and does not work, like an undurchdachter extension.
The garden is a space where weather conditions prevail, even if you like to use it as a kind of second living room. In this "living room" but also the wind goes and it rains. A house protected from the wind at least to the west Terrace is also then a pleasant place, if the Austrian west wind, or Fohn blows through the garden.
8. Choose the construction company wisely and pay attention to the construction contract
Admittedly: There circulate quite gruesome stories about some When working with a construction company Going wrong. Do not let this worry you. Most construction companies are reliable and professional; you should just maybe not look for the cheapest bidder.
With the right construction company your house building will be a complete success.
Information about the construction company
Just check with the company itself and scout their Experiences and references from. Most construction companies present their projects on the website. Maybe you will also get the opportunity to talk with builders, who have worked with the construction company of your choice in the past.
assessment of your own abilities
In any case, it will not work without a construction company, unless you yourself come from the construction industry. Perhaps you can still do one or the other yourself, do not overestimate yourself in any case. It happens that builders themselves lay hands and then the construction company must complete the respective task, or mend.
Important clauses in the construction contract for your protection
In the building contract you regulate everything important with the building company and also securities can be agreed upon. Demand to secure a liability rebate and a cover rebate. The cover discount is a maximum of 10 % and is deducted from the partial invoices if something is not sufficient during construction. So you have about Money available to change the company, Should the construction company for reasons of bankruptcy, or the like can no longer continue to build.
At the end of the construction work, a final final invoice will be issued, where all services will be listed again, a sum is made and then the partial payments are deducted. From the remaining payment then ideally a liability discount (from 3-5%) the construction company for a period of 3 years, so to speak. After the 3 years warranty period there is an inspection of the house. In In case of defects, the construction company must then remedy them, in order to obtain the liability remission. If it does not, the builder has the money available to have another construction company fix the defects.
Quite generally, the company is liable for fraudulently hidden defects in the construction for 30 years.
9. Checklist: Steps and deadlines in house construction
Especially when it comes to permits and funding, deadlines and a coordinated process are essential. In the following you will find to list chronologically all the steps from the purchase of the land to the completion of construction:
As a general rule, building a house always a compromise will be. While it is important that you know exactly what you want. However, it is at least as important to be able to be satisfied with B-plans if, for example, the garden of the plot in the perfect location is not to the south, or certain architectural ideas are not possible from a construction point of view. You will not be able to enforce 100% of everything.