Welcome to our great violin test 2019. Here we present you all the violins we tested in more detail. We have compiled detailed background information for you and also added a summary of customer reviews on the net.
With this we would like to make your purchase decision easier and help you find the most suitable violin for you.
You can also find answers to frequently asked questions in our guidebook. If available, we also offer you interesting test videos. Furthermore, on this page you will also find some important information that you should definitely pay attention to if you want to buy a violin.
The most important facts in a nutshell
- The violin is a wonderful sounding instrument for young and old.
- Basically, a distinction is made between acoustic and electric violins. The acoustic violins are almost mainly used in classical music. For the modern violinist in rock, jazz or electronic music, the electric violin is the perfect choice.
- The violin is available in a wide range of sizes and price segments. There is sure to be the right violin for you.
Violin test: Favorites of the editorial staff
The best violin for beginners
The Sinfonie24 violin for beginners is offered in sizes 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 and 4/4. This gives you a wide choice for people of all ages.
The set includes the violin bow, a practical case, shoulder rest and mute. Before shipping, the violin is carefully set up ready to play, so you can start right away.
The best electric violin
The Antoni APEV44 violin comes with a matching bow, case, cable and headphones. The built-in pickup is the heart of this electric violin.
Not only can you adjust the volume and the sound, but you can also connect headphones or an amplifier cable to it. This electric violin is ideal for beginners as well as advanced players.
The best solid spruce and maple violin
This beautiful Steinbach violin, is offered in 4/4 full size, in a noble white color. The violin is expertly crafted and made of solid spruce and maple woods. The set includes a light shaped case with a practical carrying strap.
This violin is perfect for the ambitious beginner and people who attach great importance to functionality and modern design.
Guide: Questions you should ask yourself before buying a violin
For whom is a violin suitable?
If you aspire to a career in an orchestra, it is of course very helpful to be encouraged at an early age. If you are interested and willing to practice, you can start playing the violin at any age.
In addition, the violin is not only limited to musical styles such as classical music, but can also be used quite versatile in rock, folk music or in the electronic field.
In which size should I buy a violin?
Speaking of 4 years. This was also the age of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart when he first received violin lessons from his father Leopold.
Here we have listed the recommended sizes of the violin and the length of the bow for each age.
|3-5 years||1/16||up to 43 cm|
|4-7 years||1/8||43-49 cm|
|5-8 years||1/4||49-55 cm|
|6-9 years||1/2||55-61 cm|
|7-11 years||3/4||61-67 cm|
|from 9 years||4/4||from 67 cm|
What does a violin cost?
It has to be mentioned that the quality and sound of these violins is far from the quality of violins made by famous violin makers such as Stradivari or Guadagnini.
By the way, most of the older violins are privately owned by rich collectors.
You can buy a violin of a higher quality for a few hundred euros. Of course, mass-produced violins are a lot cheaper than violins made by hand. Violins made by instrument makers can cost as much as a few thousand euros.
Where can I buy a violin?
You can have a violin made to your specifications by instrument makers who specialize in violin making. If you have a lot of money at your disposal, you can also buy a violin at an auction.
Here we have selected the most common sites where you can buy violins online.
How is the violin built?
At the head is the characteristic scroll, which serves a purely visual purpose. Much more important are the so-called tuning pegs, to which the string is attached and can be tuned lower or higher by turning it.
Almost all parts of the violin are made of wood, but carbon is also used in modern violins.
The fingerboard is the connection between the head and the body. By pressing down the string in different places, different tones can be produced. In contrast to the guitar, there are no frets. Frets are used to correctly grip and sound a particular note.
Since there are no frets on a violin, a violin player must know the correct positions of the different notes by heart.
In addition, one must have a very good musical ear in order to be able to correct an incorrectly fingered note if necessary. This skill is called intonation and is the main difference between an amateur and a professional player.
The body of a violin consists of several parts. The sides, also called ribs, the back and the top. The 2 characteristic f-shaped sound holes are worked into the top, which increase the volume.
The bridge, together with the tuning pegs on the head, is the second place where the strings are fastened. An additional important task of the bridge is to transfer the vibrations of the strings to the soundbox.
On most violins there are also additional fine tuners to tune the violin a bit more precisely than with the tuning pegs.
Another important part of the body is the chinrest. As the name might suggest, it is used to clamp the violin between the shoulder and the chin. Without it, the violin would fall out of your hand when you play the violin on the highest notes.
The highest notes are so difficult to play that you cannot hold the violin with your hand. Because the chinrest is not permanently attached, you can easily remove or replace it.
In this video it is explained to you how you hold the violin best.
In the past the strings were made of gut. Nowadays, most strings are made of a plastic core, which is wound with a metal such as aluminum or silver.
The violin is tuned from the thickest to the thinnest string in G-D-A-E. A useful mnemonic for this is Go You Old Ass.
Unlike the guitar, where different tunings are often used, the violin is almost always played in the same tuning.
From time to time it happens that composers ask for a different tuning. This tuning change on the violin is called scordatura.
How to play the violin?
Even a violin bow made by a master violin maker can cost up to several hundred thousand Euros.
The bow hairs are attached between the tip and the frog. The frog is the part of the bow where you adjust the tension of the bow hairs. The bow is also held there.
The bow hairs are mostly made of horsehair. Since the horsehair is too smooth to make the string vibrate, it is rubbed with rosin. This tree resin increases the friction of the hairs so that a nice even tone can be heard.
What are the alternatives to a violin?
The viola is a little bigger with 40-44 cm. Furthermore, the strings of the viola are also tuned differently. Namely from lowest to highest on C-G-D-A.
The fiddle looks broadly like a classical violin. Unlike the violin, however, the fiddle usually has 5 or 6 steel strings. It is very often used in folk music.
Decision: What types of violins are there and which one is right for you?
Just like the guitar, violins have an acoustic and an electric variant.
Which of the two types is right for you depends on your needs and intended use.
What are the characteristics of an acoustic violin and what are its advantages and disadvantages??
The acoustic violin is probably the instrument that everyone imagines to be a classical violin. It is also the most commonly used in the music world.
The sound production of an acoustic violin works through its sound body. This resonating body functions as an amplifier, so to speak. If you play or want to play in an orchestra, the acoustic violin is the perfect choice for you.
- Classic violin sound
- Established in the music world
- More susceptible to humidity fluctuations
Just like all instruments made of wood, violins are sensitive to humidity fluctuations.
It is recommended that the violin be stored at a humidity level between 50-55.
If you transport your violin in a case to a concert, you should let it out of the case at least 10-15 minutes before playing, so that the violin can get used to the humidity.
What distinguishes an electric violin and what are its advantages and disadvantages??
The main difference to the acoustic version is the absence of the sound box. Instead of the soundbox of an acoustic violin, the electric violin has only a frame.
Since the soundbox is very much a factor in determining the sound, the electric violin does not have a unique, characteristic sound. As with an electric guitar, there is a pickup on the electric violin.
It is a piezo pickup system, which converts the pressure difference, when playing the strings into an electrical signal. This signal can be transmitted through a jack cable z.B. Feed into an amplifier.
- Playing feel identical to an acoustic violin
- Extremely versatile
- No characteristic sound of its own
- No orchestral use
Since the orchestra is very tradition-conscious, the use of electric violins has not yet become established. However, for modern music styles, the electric violin is perfect because you can choose from a plethora of different sounds.
Buying criteria: You can compare and evaluate violins based on these factors
When buying a violin, you can consider several criteria:
What the individual criteria are and how they can help you with your purchase, you will learn in the following paragraphs.
The Japanese company Yamaha is not only known as a manufacturer of motorcycles, but is also quite successful in the field of music. At Yamaha you get good quality at a reasonable price. Yamaha violins are suitable for beginners as well as professionals.
GEWA violins are "Made in Germany" and are manufactured in GEWA’s own workshops in Adorf. They divide their product range into student line, maestro line and master instruments. So they offer the right violin for every budget and skill level.
Karl Hofner is also a German company that has been dedicated to instrument making since 1887. They export their world famous guitars, basses and stringed instruments internationally.
Due to their high quality, Hofner violins are more suitable for advanced violinists. They also offer replicas of famous violins like Stradivari or Guarneri.
The German music store giant Thomann offers of course violins as well as all kinds of music equipment. You can choose from a wide range of acoustic and electric violins, which are also very suitable for beginners due to their reasonable price.
Most violins are made of wood. The most common types of wood are spruce, maple and yew. Each of these woods has its own sound quality.
Violins made of carbon have the advantage that they are not affected by water, sweat and humidity.
The material of the violin bow is either pernambuco wood or carbon. Both materials are flexible. This makes it perfect for making a violin bow.
Basically, when you buy a bow, you should look to see if the stick is slightly bent when it is taut. Namely, the stick must be curved so that the horsehair is sufficiently taut. You should also make sure that there are no cracks in the stick, otherwise the bow can break easily.
If you want to transport your violin, you need a violin case. The case should be comfortable to carry and protect the violin from external impacts such as bumps or even rain. Practical are also additional compartments in which z.B. sheet music can be transported.
If you do not have absolute pitch, you will need a tuner to tune the violin. Many violinists use a tuning fork to set the correct tone. Of course, there are also practical electronic tuners that show you the right tone.
Very practical is a cleaning cloth, with which you can wipe the violin after playing. You don’t want to play a dirty violin covered with sweat.
Trivia: Interesting facts about violins
What does first violin and second violin mean?
These designations are parts of the instrumentation of a string orchestra or string quartet. A string quartet consists of first violin, second violin, viola and cello.
With which other instruments do you play the violin?
As already mentioned, the violin is usually played in combinations with other string instruments. However, there are also countless pieces of music in which the violin is combined with piano, organ, guitar or vocals.
Here are truly no limits. In the modern context, the violin is also often combined with a rock band or an electronic song.
In this video you can see the world famous violinist David Garrett with his interpretation of the Michael Jackson classic Smooth Criminal.
Which violins are the most valuable in the world?
Violins are offered for sale at insanely high prices, similar to art paintings. It is hard to imagine that someone would spend millions of euros on a violin.
Here we have compiled a list of the most expensive violins for you. The additional names like "Lady Blunt" or "ex-Kochanski" refer to the previous owner of the violin.
|Stradivari "Lady Blunt||1721||11,6 Mio. €|
|Guarneri del Gesù "ex-Kochanski||1741||7,3 Mio.€|
|Guarneri del Gesù "ex-Carrodus"||1741||5.1 million.€|
|Guarneri del Gesù "Lord Wilton||1742||4,3 Mio.€|
|Stradivari "La Pucelle"||1709||4,3 Mio. €|
The proceeds from the sale of the Stradivari "Lady Blunt" were donated to the Nippon Music Foundation. This money was used for reconstruction after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake in Japan.
Good violinists are usually dependent on a patron. A patron is a wealthy investor who donates his expensive violin to the violin player. Thereby each side has something. The violinist is happy because he gets to play an instrument made by a master and the patron is happy because the value of the violin increases by the playing of the famous violinist.
How and where to learn to play the violin?
You can take lessons either in a music school or with a private teacher. Of course, there are also people who teach themselves to play the violin.
On Youtube you can find countless videos about learning the violin. For a beginner, however, it is still best to start with a violin teacher at the beginning.
Which instrument is more difficult to learn? Violin or piano?
One cannot say that with certainty. As with every instrument, diligence and also a little talent are part of it. For violin and piano, you have to practice for years to get to a professional level.
What fiddle do world stars like David Garrett play?
World-renowned violinist David Garrett plays the Stradivarius "ex-Busch" from 1716, which was made available to him by an anonymous owner.
In this table we have gathered for you the violins of other famous violinists.