Soon it’s that time again, the world is waiting for Santa Claus. But where does it actually come from and does it really exist?? Children please do not read any further, because the hard truth is that Santa Claus does not really exist, at least not to touch. The guys you see in the pre-Christmas period are only imitations of a powerful fantasy figure .
In the beginning there was Santa Claus
History writes that we owe Santa Claus to the legendary Bishop Nicholas. This one lived in the 4. Century on the today’s area of Turkey. Bishop Nicholas made a name for himself because he was particularly generous to poor people in those days. In old traditions you can read that he even gave away pieces of gold. In one well-known case, he is said to have thrown these gold pieces through the window of a family man so that he could finally marry off his daughters.
In an ordinance of the church, it was specified that on 6. December a survey of all children is to take place. That day the children had to tell the truth, whether they were good and pious or had sinned. Therefore the custom comes to the Nikolaustag, on 6. December for the children to put small gifts in the shoes. Why this requires clean shoes, no one really knows. It is suspected that bad smells might scare away Santa Claus. Others say that it is an invention of the parents, so that the children clean their own shoes one day.
Santa Claus vs. Christ Child
Originally, St. Nicholas Day was also the day of Christmas presents. However, due to reforms, deprivations of saints and many other obscure things, at some point St. Nicholas was no longer considered "IN" and the Christ Child took over his job. With high probability Martin Luther was the cause. Protestants rejected the veneration of saints and in the 16th century replaced saints with women. Century the Nikolaus simply by the "holy Christ", colloquially Christ child. The Christ Child also got a new design at the same time. The figure had wings and looked like an angel.
The confusion between Santa Claus and the Christ Child is called "mutual relationship" in history books. And as it is in life, when 2 quarrel the third is happy and suddenly Santa Claus was popular. Officially it is called, "Santa Claus is the dominant, mercantile reception of St. Nicholas in the world today". All clear? At this point we would like to point out that Santa Claus is our present-day Santa Claus. The Christ Child has been replaced over time by the image of Santa Claus.
Who is Knecht Ruprecht?
Knecht Ruprecht was originally a priest and is said to come from Colbigk in Saxony-Anhalt. He cursed farmers there who sang and danced loudly at a banquet. The humor in Saxonia Anhalt seems today still occasionally very tortured. Knecht Ruprecht had accompanied Nikolaus at that time and was responsible for the rough things, because Nikolaus should always be perceived positively. So a bit of medieval yin& Yang . There was also once the rod for the bad children who were so stupid and told Santa Claus that they were not good. Stupidity must be punished. Somehow and sometime the job of Knecht Ruprecht later passed to Santa Claus. Supposedly this comes from the Germanic saga world.
Coca Cola and Santa Claus
Santa Claus, as a fantasy figure, has found his way into the hearts of people and especially children in the last 2 centuries. At this point we must say "thank you" to Coca Cola, who did not invent this Christmas figure, but helped a lot to visualize Santa Claus in our minds.
Ideas of what Santa Claus looks like, there used to be several. In a book called "Knickerbockers Stories from New York," Santa Claus, according to author Washington Irving, wears a low hat with a wide brim, knee breeches and smokes a long pipe. This conception was put into people’s minds in 1809, 122 years earlier. The 1822 poem by Clement Moore, on the other hand, describes Santa Claus as a chubby, pudgy old goblin.
In 1931, "The Coca-Cola Company" commissioned the artist Haddon Sundblom to draw a Santa Claus for an advertising campaign, which he succeeded in doing excellently. Sundblom knew how to unite people’s ideas about Santa Claus in one figure. The fatherly type with his white, long beard and red coat, corresponded exactly to the ideas of many people. What many people don’t know is that Sundblom had taken his own face as a template.