Many users of Windows operating systems who have had to use Linux environments for some reason may find themselves in a somewhat discouraging situation: Windows executable files will not run on Linux due to the file system used in Linux, so we may have problems with execution. of exclusive Windows programs under Linux. Although it used to seem difficult to merge incompatible operating systems a priori, over time we have been given tools that allow us to use tools from one system in another without having to perform lengthy installations. For this case, it allows us to have a Windows emulator for Linux, allowing Windows programs to run in Ubuntu. To perform this operation, we find the manual to learn how to run exe in Linux without Wine or to get it by knowing how to use PlayOnlinux. We will leave both options specified in the following full tutorial.
Certain programs or applications have been disabled for reasons of compatibility, licensing, file systems, etc. exclusively designed to run on Windows operating systems. Although the most practical solution is to create a virtual machine or partition the hard disk and deploy the Windows operating system there, this consumes more system resources and affects performance and disk space. For this reason, we will see the differences between playonlinux and wine and choose the one we like best to run Windows programs in Ubuntu.
What is WineWine is a program that acts as a compatibility tool that allows you to run Windows programs and applications from other operating systems. This breaks the compatibility barriers and therefore we can run Windows programs under Linux without having to change the system. One of the tasks we can perform is playing Windows games on Linux. In the new versions we find improvements like:
- DLL files are created as PE by default.
- The support for Plug& Play element driver has been improved.
- Support for Visual Studio debugger has been improved.
- Improved support for the display of indicators.
- There will be a bugfix.
What is PlayOnLinux?PlayOnLinux is a software tool that allows us to run Windows programs or applications, but on Linux systems. Due to the incompatibilities that occur with GNU / Linux, there are a priori insurmountable barriers, but with this program we can skip them. Some of the features of PlayOnLinux are:
- No Windows license is required to run PlayOnLinux.
- PlayOnLinux is based on Wine and is therefore very easy to use.
- The code is based on Bash and Python.
- It is a free open source program.
- Keep in mind that there are aspects such as graphic quality that will be lower.
Many users who have migrated from Windows to Linux, or users who use both systems, notice this drastic change, as sometimes it is necessary for business or personal reasons to run certain applications on Linux, and we see that this is impossible. We will also look at the process of running programs via an ISO image on Linux. This image can be created in Windows and then opened in Linux, as we will show you.
To solve this problem and run hundreds of exclusive Windows applications in Linux environments, this tutorial analyzes some free and very handy utilities called PlayOnLinux and Wine. For this analysis we use Ubuntu.
1. How to install Wine on Ubuntu
What is WEINWINE (Wine Is Not an Emulator) was developed with the aim of running exclusive Windows programs in Linux environments with full compatibility and without losing its features.
WINE is responsible for converting Windows commands into Linux commands so that each program runs completely.
We can download WINE directly from its official site at the following link:
Or run the following commands from the Ubuntu terminal: Step 3
Later, we will run the following command to enable 32-bit architecture if Ubuntu is 64-bit:
Once this is done, we add the official WINE repository in Ubuntu by executing the following line: Step 5
We download the official WINE repository and install it by executing the following line:
Finally, we install WINE in its stable version 2.0 in Ubuntu by running the following:
We enter the letter S to accept the download and installation of WINE in Ubuntu, and in this way WINE is installed on the system.
2. To configure Wine Ubuntu
WINE has a database where we can frequently check the status of new Windows applications. The link is as follows:
WEIN has the following categories:
PlatinumRun all applications correctly ..
GoldThese types of applications require some additional configuration to run ..
SilverIt refers to applications that have some kind of error ..
BronzeApplications with major execution problems ..
GarbageIt is about applications that can not be run in WINE ..
To check the operation of an application, we go to the mentioned link and see the following window and there we click on the Browse Apps line on the right side:
In the "Name" field we enter the name of the app we want to install and press Enter, we see the result:
Click on the selected application and we can see its category considering its version:
In this way we check the category of applications to be installed in Ubuntu through Wine.
3. How to use Wine Ubuntu
To do this, we open the terminal in Ubuntu and run the following command: Step 2
Running this command will create the directory for Windows and if a Wine component is missing, it will be installed automatically:
Later, we will see the following window where we can make adjustments to Wine:
4. Install Windows programs in Ubuntu with Wine
The first step is to reopen the Wine configuration with the winecfg command and set the value Windows 7 in the Version to imitate field and click Apply and OK.
Now we go to the path where we want to install the .exe file downloaded, right-click on it and select the Wine Windows program loader option so that this is the application that opens the file:
When you click Select, the following message will be displayed. Here we specify the path where the program to be installed will be stored. Click on the Install button to start the installation process, which will see the following at the end:
Now we go to the path where the application $ HOME / .wine / drive_c / Program Files / 7-zip / has been installed, and right-click on the executable file there and select the Properties option:
In the window that appears, we go to the Open With tab and select the Wine Windows Program Loader option there:
Now we proceed with the execution of the application, which will start without any problems:
If we want to create a shortcut for the application, we right-click on it and select the option "Move to". In the new window we select "Desktop.
5. How to install PlayOnLinux on Ubuntu
What is PlayOnLinux?It is a platform designed with the aim of running and running without problems and with full functionality of Windows applications on various Linux distributions.
PlayOnLinux featuresAmong its main features we have:
- PlayOnLinux is free and can be used by any user.
- It does not require a Windows license to run the programs.
- This platform is written in Bash and Python.
- It is based on Wine, which offers greater stability and wide possibilities to run hundreds of applications.
- Simple and practical application.
- It does not support all applications, especially modern Windows applications (UWP).
- Available for most Linux distributions.
- Available for Mac OS operating systems.
To download PlayOnLinux, we can go to the following link and select the appropriate distribution there, where the specific installation instructions are given.
In our case for Ubuntu, we have two installation options: We can use the Ubuntu Software Center:
We can also run a series of commands from the terminal. In this case we have the following options:
If we want to download the stable version of PlayOnLinux, we run the following script: Step 4
To install the current or Saucy version of PlayOnLinux, we run the following script: Step 5
To install the Precise version of PlayOnLinux, we run the following commands: Step 6
In the same way, we can install the PlayOnLinux .download deb file from the following link:
The current version of PlayOnLinux is 4.2.11. In this example, we will install the stable version of PlayOnLinux on Ubuntu:
Once the application is installed in Ubuntu, we can run it from the search engine:
6. Run exe on Linux without Wine
When you run PlayOnLinux for the first time, this will be the environment offered. There, as we can see, we have the option to install a program, run installed programs, delete them, etc.
To start the installation process of any application in PlayOnLinux, we click on the Install button at the top or on the Install Program line on the left side of the page. The following will be displayed:
- Define the applications that will be loaded into PlayOnLinux. We can select commercial applications in tests (with possible errors9 or that do not require a CD for their installation).
- Install a program that is not listed by clicking the .Deploy exe file directly to the local computer.
As we can see, we have more than 7 different categories, each with multiple programs and applications.
To see what apps are available in PlayOnLinux, click the Refresh button to have the platform start the application update process. If we click on each category, we can view the available applications:
To install a program, simply select it and click the Install button at the bottom:
We will be able to see a description and preview of the program before installing it. By clicking on the "Install" button the following wizard will be displayed:
Click Next and the application download will begin:
As mentioned earlier, PlayOnLinux is based on Wine, so during the installation process, the appropriate version of Wine will be downloaded:
Once this download is complete, the virtual drive will be created to run the application on:
7. How to configure PlayOnLinux on Ubuntu
Once the process is complete, we will see our applications on the desktop ready to run:
On the PlayOnLinux platform, we can manage the applications we install from the central control panel:
There we can perform actions such as:
- Run the app
- Close it if it is active
- Configure your parameters
- Create shortcuts, etc.
8. How to use PlayOnLinux
First you need to download the executable .Download the exe file. After the executable file is downloaded, select the Install program option and click the Install unlisted program option and the following wizard will be displayed:
Click Next and in the opened window select whether we want to create a new program in the virtual unit or edit an existing one, in which case we select "Install program in a new virtual unit":
Click Next again and we will assign the name to the virtual unit:
By clicking Next, we can specify whether we want to use a different version of Wine for this application or install new libraries:
We can check or uncheck the appropriate boxes. Once this is processed, we click Next. It is necessary to define the version of the application to be installed:
We select the appropriate one and click on the "Explore" button in the next window, to find the executable file downloaded earlier:
Click Next and the installation process will begin as it does in Windows:
After the installation, we can run the application without any problems.
9. Additional PlayOnLinux options in Ubuntu
PlayOnLinux is a convenient and simple alternative to run numerous Windows applications in Linux environments with full compatibility.
10. Run Windows programs on Linux
To use Windows .exe programs to run with Wine, we have the following command: Step 2
For example, if we use the Notepad application.exe, we run the following syntax:
Once the command has been correctly executed with the application, we will see it open in our Linux environment.
It should be noted that we can run from Wine in the same way all programs located in the path of C: \ Windows \ System32, z. B. the command prompt.
If you want to change Wine’s default parameters, you can run the following command and change them:
NoteIf the application is in a different path, we use the cd command to change to that directory.
11. Mount the Windows ISO image on Linux
An ISO image is a file that contains an exact copy of the system or a group of files and can then be burned to removable media such as CD, DVD or USB. This file is chosen on many occasions because it combines hundreds of files and applications into a single file with an extension of .Save the ISO. Although the final size is the same as the unlinked files, this file is much easier to manage.
If we want to have a copy of our entire operating system, an ISO is the perfect solution to be able to record it on another medium and thus always have it available. With this image we can also do assembly tasks, that is, make it virtually accessible as if we had physically inserted it.
Next, we see a set of programs to mount a Windows ISO image from Linux, d.
In this way, we can easily run hundreds of Windows applications in Ubuntu through these programs. Let’s use this important option to run all our Windows applications in Linux environments. In this way, we can install Windows programs in Ubuntu with wine or
Run exe on Linux without Wine as we prefer.