A miscarriage is when you deliver your baby before 20 weeks of pregnancy. lose one week of pregnancy. Most miscarriages occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Bleeding and cramping are common signs of miscarriage
If you are pregnant and don’t know it yet, you may have a miscarriage and think you just had your period
To determine if you have had a miscarriage, doctors examine your cervix (the lower part of your uterus)
Doctors also perform an ultrasound examination Ultrasound Ultrasound is a safe imaging procedure that uses sound waves to produce a moving image of the inside of the body. No radiation (x-rays) will be used in this. Learn more by (moving pictures of the inside of your uterus, also called your womb)
Many women who have suffered a miscarriage become pregnant again and give birth to healthy children
However, your risk increases with each additional miscarriage: the more miscarriages you have, the more likely you are to suffer another miscarriage
If you’ve already had several miscarriages, you may want to see a doctor before you get pregnant again
Doctors can try to help you successfully carry your next pregnancy to term
What causes a miscarriage?
Doctors don’t always know why a miscarriage happened. A miscarriage is called not Triggered by a sudden emotional shock, such as bad news. Even minor injuries, such as those caused by slips or falls, do not lead to miscarriage. Serious injuries, on the other hand, like a bad car accident, can leading to a miscarriage.
causes in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy
A problem with your baby, z. B. a malformation or a hereditary disease
Sometimes the baby has a defect so serious that the baby (fetus) remains alive in you for a month or two at most. A severe malformation is the most common cause of miscarriage in the first 12 weeks.
Causes in the first 13 to 20 weeks of pregnancy
Often, the cause of miscarriage at this stage of pregnancy remains unknown. But sometimes doctors can attribute the miscarriage to the following causes:
Use of substances such as cocaine, alcohol or tobacco
Infections, z. B. Cytomegalovirus infection Cytomegalovirus infection (CMV infection) Cytomegalovirus infection is a common herpes virus infection with many types of symptoms, ranging from unnoticeable symptoms to fever and fatigue (the infectious mononucleosis. Learn More or Rubella Rubella is a contagious viral infection that typically causes mild symptoms, such as joint pain and skin rash, but can cause severe birth defects if the mother. Learn more
Causes of repeated miscarriages
If you have had multiple miscarriages, doctors look for the following problems:
Blood clotting too quickly in women
Chromosomal abnormalities in the baby inherited from one of the parents
What symptoms indicate a miscarriage?
If you miscarry early in pregnancy, it may feel like a normal period. If you didn’t know you were pregnant, you may not even think about miscarriage.
Sometimes, however, symptoms are more obvious:
Light red or dark red blood
Expel large lumps and scraps of tissue
At first, you may have only light bleeding, similar to a period. However, as the miscarriage progresses, the bleeding usually becomes more severe. The blood may be bright or dark red. Sometimes you may also excrete large lumps. You may have cramping that gets stronger as your uterus (womb) expels the miscarriage piecemeal.
Call your doctor immediately if you have bleeding during your pregnancy. Not all bleeding during pregnancy indicates miscarriage. About half of these pregnancies continue normally afterwards. But your doctor needs to check whether or not you had a miscarriage. If you excrete large lumps or scraps of tissue, put them in a container or wrap them in a towel so the doctor can look at them.
How can doctors tell that I have had a miscarriage?
If you had bleeding or cramping during the first 20 weeks of your pregnancy, the doctor will do the following:
Examining your pelvis: Through your vagina (birth canal), your cervix (the lower part of your uterus where your baby comes out) is examined – if the cervix is open, this strongly indicates a miscarriage
Ultrasound examination Ultrasound is a safe imaging technique that uses sound waves to create a moving image of the inside of the body. No radiation (X-rays) is used in the process. Learn more : This procedure generates sound waves that are used to create moving images of the inside of your uterus – the moving images indicate whether your baby is still alive
blood tests: Check the concentration of the pregnancy hormone hCG
How a miscarriage is treated?
If the fetus and placenta (the organ through which the unborn baby is nourished) are no longer in your body, you do not need treatment either. The bleeding and cramping will soon stop.
If there are still remnants of your pregnancy in your body, the doctor can do the following:
Waiting for your uterus to expel the remnants on its own, provided you do not have a fever and do not appear sick
Perform a procedure to remove the remnants of pregnancy
When doctors have to remove the remnants of pregnancy from your uterus, you are given a medicine that makes you sleepy. The particular procedure depends on how far along your pregnancy is:
In the first 12 weeks of pregnancy: The remnants are removed with a suction device inserted through your vagina into your uterus
Between the 12. and 20. Weeks of pregnancy: the remains are removed with surgical instruments that are inserted through your vagina into your uterus
Close to 20. Week of pregnancy: You will be given a medication to induce labor to expel the remnants of the pregnancy
How to avoid a miscarriage?
You cannot really prevent a miscarriage. If you suffered from bleeding and cramps during the first 20 weeks of your pregnancy, the doctor may advise you not to exercise too much and to rest more often. But there is no evidence that this really helps.
What can I do to feel better after a miscarriage??
Grief, anger and guilt are something normal after a miscarriage.
Talk to someone when you are down or grieving for your lost baby
Remember that it is very unlikely that you did anything that led to the miscarriage
If you’re worried about another miscarriage, talk to your doctor about possible tests that could be done
Remember that many women who have had miscarriages become pregnant again and give birth to healthy babies