Painting by the Italian painter Tiepolo, who in the 18. Century lived. The Trojans pull the horse into town. [ © public domain]
It all began with a lack of faithfulness. Paris, the son of Priam, the king of Troy, stole his wife Helen from Menelaus, the king of Sparta. And this one was also the most beautiful of all women. Menelaus could not let this happen to him. He gathered his army and many friends and allies to bring the faithless wife back home again. Among his allies were Agamemnon, the king of Mycenae, Nestor, the ruler of Pylos, Odysseus, the lord of Ithaca and Achilles, the leader of the Myrmids and some more.
They crossed the Aegean Sea (the sea in front of Greece) and surrounded Troy. This Troy, or what was thought to be Troy, was later excavated by the archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann.
This war was to last ten years. There were many battles, but no winner. Many people had to give their lives. Hector was killed by the spear of Achilles and Achilles fell under the arrow of Paris.
Where is Troy actually located??
By the way, it is located in today’s Turkey on a hill called Hisarlik, which you can find at the Hellespont. But there is no 100% proof whether this Troy, of which Homer tells us, existed at all. Therefore, you must always distinguish between the excavation site that exists and the stories or better the many stories that are told about ancient Troy so.
The story of the wooden horse
This horse is a prop for the movie "Troy". [ © Ross Burgess / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
And then came the story with the Trojan horse. When the Greeks were at a loss, they resorted to a ruse. Odysseus, or someone else, had the idea to give a wooden horse as a gift to the Trojans. In this horse, which was probably big enough, then hid heroic fighters of the Greeks. But the Trojan horse is not mentioned at all in Homer’s Iliad, The story of the war for Troy is told in the following way. Later the story writers and also film makers – it is also quite spectacular – have reinterpreted this somewhat. Only in the second epic of Homer, theOdyssey, In which the journey home of Odysseus is reported, this event occurs. The death of Achilles is not reported in Homer’s Iliad either, Homer doesn’t tell us about that until the Odyssey either. We want to stay with the truth.
Troy was reduced to rubble and ashes
The Trojans believed that the Greeks had given up the fight and returned to their homeland. So they accepted the horse as a gift. They even drew it, for it stood on rollers, within the range of their city walls. The Trojans celebrated a great feast, believing they had won victory over the Greeks. But these have meanwhile returned with their fleet to the harbor. They defeated the surprised Trojans in their own city, killed many people, and carried off women and children to Greece. Troy, so proud, was reduced to rubble.
When you get right down to it, the horse should actually"Greek horse" name, because it was a horse of the Greeks. But who takes it with the story telling already so completely exactly and remains always with the truth?
Greek or Trojan, the horse was and still is a beautiful idea of the poet Homer!