Under Linux, there are several ways to install programs at once. However – and this is part of the security concept – no .Run exe files. The programs that run on Windows do not work on Linux. But that also means no unwanted spyware that can bspws. Installs itself as a toolbar in the browser.
Linux has a sophisticated concept of how software gets on the computer.
Selected software packages are provided for the Linux distributions.
Install via user management
Ubuntu and many Linux distributions based on it have a software – resp. Application management. Similar to an app store, Linux has tested programs ready for that purpose and mostly free of charge.
So, if the software installed with the system is not enough for you, you can choose the right software for you among tens of thousands of packages here. The application management offers as a guide different categories, such as z.B. Internet, music, video, graphics, etc.
Using the search function you can search specifically for what you need.
The package management
Another possibility for programs is the package management of Linux. Here program packages can be downloaded, installed and uninstalled.
The package – or. User management can be found under>System>Synaptic package management, resp. Software management.
Installation directly via the terminal
If the name of the software is known, it can be installed directly via the terminal [Ctrl+Alt+T]. Here you simply enter the command: "sudo apt-get install …". (Without quotation marks – Please note: Linux is case sensitive)
If any dependencies for the program are missing, the terminal will list them as well.
Finally there is the possibility to download and install software for Linux from the internet. This solution should only be used in case of emergency, because it can lead to conflicts with other already existing software and foreign programs can of course also endanger the security of the system.
Because – the fact that the on-board means only install software from verified sources, makes the system Linux secure. So it makes sense to search for the name of a certain software offered on the internet for Linux using the package manager. Most of the time you will find, or there are good alternatives.
Software for Linux from the net is mostly available as packed source code. Recognizable by the extension .tar.gz
These must be unpacked, decompressed and compiled before they can be installed. This sounds more complicated than it really is.
Here an example for the software backups.
After download with right click the package must be unpacked. Alternatively, the terminal can be used
Then use the terminal command cd to change to the download directory and then to the package directory. Then enter the three commands one after the other:
Afterwards the program can be called over the terminal. If the program starts, it is also installed correctly.
The program is usually automatically assigned to the correct category by Linux.
If the program is not found again, there is the possibility to display the path of the installed program via the command "which". The installed program can be used as a shortcut (starter) then bspws. put them on the desktop.