Hygiene in everyday life

Germs like bacteria, viruses or fungi can be found everywhere in the environment. Some can make you sick. These pathogens can be spread from person to person, through the hands or shared objects. Simple hygiene measures in everyday life help to protect themselves and others from contagious infectious diseases. In the hospital there are again separate measures. For more information please click here.

Infections can be prevented by following basic rules of hygiene. They are an important element in caring for one’s health and make it difficult to pass on pathogens to others.

Keep your distance

To avoid transmission of pathogens, people with contagious infectious diseases should keep as far away from others as possible (1.5 to 2 meters) or stay at home altogether.

wash your hands and do not touch your face with your hands

If you wash your hands thoroughly on a regular basis, you protect yourself and others from many germs. Because thorough hand washing reduces the number of germs on the hands to up to a thousandth. This reduces the risk of pathogens entering the body, for example, with food in the mouth or via the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose or eyes, or being passed on to other people. This is particularly important in times of disease waves. Hand hygiene thus prevents many different infections.

washing hands always after.

  • after coming home,
  • visiting the toilet,
  • blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing,
  • contact with waste,
  • the contact with animals, animal food or animal waste.

Washing hands always before.

  • the meals,
  • handling medicines or cosmetics.

Always wash hands before and after.

  • the preparation of food as well as more often in between, especially if you have processed raw meat or eggs,
  • contact with sick people,
  • the treatment of wounds.

Washing hands properly!

With children you can count to 30 or sing a song, during which time the hands are washed thoroughly! You can also download our poster with the "30-second hand-washing slide" and hang it over the sink.

Cough and sneeze properly!

Rhinitis and coughing are typical signs of many respiratory infections. When coughing and sneezing, countless pathogens are sprayed via saliva and nasal secretions and can be transmitted to others through droplet infection.


In order not to spread germs and to protect others from infection, patients should observe the following rules:

  • When coughing or sneezing, keep at least 1.5 to 2 meters away from other people and turn away from them.
  • It is best to sneeze or cough into a disposable handkerchief. Use this only once and dispose of in a trash can with a lid. Wash cloth handkerchiefs at a temperature of at least 60 °C.
  • If there is no handkerchief handy, hold the crook of your arm in front of your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, while also turning away from other people.
  • Always wash your hands thoroughly after blowing your nose, sneezing or coughing!

You can find more information on hygiene measures here.

At the same place you will also find current information about the new Coronavirus /Covid-19.

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