Dr. Olah brings her expertise in these clinical pictures from many years of work in a Hamburg center for infectious diseases and HIV focus practice. There is official approval for our practice to provide specialized care for patients with HIV infection/AIDS disease. We offer an infectious disease specialty consultation for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases and liver disease. Appointments can be made by phone at (04131) 46 0 46 or online.
HIV is a sog. Retrovirus, which severely impairs the immune system in humans by destroying the number of T-helper cells in the blood. These are important components of the immune system’s defense against infection. Infection is followed by several years without symptoms or illness in most patients. If the infection is not detected in time, a pronounced immune deficiency occurs and there is a risk of so-called HIV-associated diseases or opportunistic infections, which by definition correspond to the AIDS stage. These diseases are potentially life-threatening and require rapid treatment.
It is therefore important to learn about HIV infection at an early stage so that appropriate therapies can be started. Thanks to the modern therapeutic options available today, the progression of the disease can be well managed. Well-administered HIV therapy also prevents sexual transmission of the virus to partners. All other social contacts – except via blood/sexual contacts – generally do not establish a risk of infection. The goal of treatment is to suppress the virus from reproducing so that the viral load in the blood becomes "negative". Scientific advances confirm the hope that early drug therapy will lead to a largely normal life expectancy. Most patients today tolerate the drugs well and have no relevant impact on their quality of life. The therapy should be monitored by regular laboratory controls in a medical center specialized in HIV/an HIV focus practice. In the meantime, HIV infection is a chronic disease that is easily treatable, but requires long-term therapy.
PreExposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
"Pre-exposure prophylaxis" (PrEP) means drug-based prevention of possible contact with HIV. HIV medication is taken regularly or as needed. This method is suitable for HIV-negative persons of corresponding risk groups to reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV. PrEP protects against HIV infection but not against other sexually transmitted diseases. The costs of PrEP are covered by health insurances.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, often caused by viruses. Rarely, however, drugs, bacteria, alcohol or disorders of the immune system can also be considered as triggers.
The most important viruses are hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. The Hepatitis A and E usually run acutely and heal, the infection occurs through contaminated drinking water or food as well as smear infections. There is a vaccination against hepatitis A.
The Hepatitis B (D) and C are transmitted through direct blood contact, unprotected sexual intercourse and rarely, in the case of hepatitis B, also through household contacts. It can be chronic. Vaccination can protect from hepatitis B.
With the Hepatitis C there is no vaccination, but the treatment possibilities have been significantly improved in recent years, so that the chances of cure have increased to>95% for many patients with chronic course of the disease. Please contact us if you have any questions or if an appropriate therapy should be necessary. We can also carry out the available vaccinations and laboratory diagnostics.