Hanisauland: lexicon @todo: from preprocess

Dresden in the summer of 2002, flooded by high water

Natural disasters are very violent and unusual natural events that lead to many deaths, injuries and homeless people. Often they cause great damage to nature and to buildings, roads, railways and other structures. Often, after such a disaster in the affected areas, people can no longer help themselves. You will then have to rely on international aid.

A volcanic eruption in Alaska in January 2006

Different natural disasters
How does a natural disaster occur?
Early warning systems

To mitigate the worst effects for people, it is important to have early warning systems in place. Because even though we can’t prevent natural disasters ourselves, there are many things that can be done to make sure the consequences aren’t too bad.

FAQ / Frequently asked questions

(Frequently Asked Questions – this is the English translation of "frequently asked questions")

How many types of natural disasters are there in the world?

Hello Limosli, really big natural disasters are fortunately rather rare, although they are occurring more and more often at the moment. However, there are so many small natural disasters that we can’t give you numbers for them. Where natural disasters are most common depends on the type of natural disaster. Certain regions are particularly vulnerable to earthquakes. In Africa there are frequent droughts and in many regions of Asia there is more flooding. Tornadoes are particularly common in the USA.

How a natural disaster occurs?
Is the strength measurable? If yes with which instrument?

Hello Celine.blub, since there are very different natural disasters, you can’t answer exactly how they occur. Avalanches can develop for example by smallest movements or oscillations, a giant flood wave develops usually by an earthquake. Often natural disasters do not have only one cause either. For example, floods occur not only because it rains a lot, but also because the snow may be melting at the time and the meltwater from the mountains flows into the mountain streams and then at some point into the major rivers. Scientists are doing a lot to predict disasters and warn people in the area – for example, measurements are constantly being taken at active volcanoes. In America, metereologists try to predict the path of hurricanes, and since the Indian Ocean tsunami at Christmas 2005, many alarms have been set up there. But nature always provides for surprises. For us humans, this means that we should maintain a certain modesty towards our environment – and that, where possible, we should not challenge it unnecessarily: Building large cities on flood-prone coasts is anything but wise, and through our carbon dioxide emissions we are contributing to more and more severe storms in this country as well.

Can natural disasters also be caused by people ?

Hello JonaAvd., Many natural disasters occur as a result of natural events over which we humans have no control. These include earthquakes or volcanic eruptions that originate deep inside the earth. But human behavior also contributes to the fact that natural disasters have become more frequent in recent decades. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which are a byproduct of industrial development, are warming the earth’s climate, which is probably also a reason for the increase in natural disasters. An example of this is the recent and increasingly violent cyclones and torpedoes in the Pacific and North America.

your further questions.

where natural catastrophes occur?

Hello Julia, natural disasters occur all over the world. Last summer there was a devastating flood in our country, in the fall there was a volcanic eruption in the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, and recently there was an underground volcanic eruption and subsequent tsunami in the Pacific Ocean. There is no region of the world where a natural disaster cannot occur.

Hello,
how does a tornado form?

Hello solo, here in the political children’s encyclopedia of Hanisauland we can’t explain it. Have a look at the pages of Blinde Kuh. There you can find a lot of information about this weather phenomenon.

will the world explode because of climate change

Hello geilepartysau, the earth will not explode because of climate change. But the atmosphere around the planet will heat up. Due to the so-called greenhouse effect, the climate will change and it will become necessary for humans and nature to adapt to the changed conditions. Climate change is a huge challenge for all of us that we would better address today than tomorrow. Because the effects of climate change will be bad if mankind does not take decisive countermeasures and learns to do without travel, delicious food, convenience and the commodity world of consumer society.

What were the worst incidents in the last years (z.B.: of tsunamis or earthquakes etc.)

Hello Hello123, we have given some examples in the article about natural disasters. Bad incidents were here in Germany the flood disaster in July 2021, in La Palma there was the bad volcanic eruption, in Africa there are again and again bad drought disasters which destroy harvests. But also flood disasters in Africa and Asia cause horrible damage.

So far weakest natural disaster in the world?

Hello Chris, the characteristic of a natural disaster is its catastrophic scale. In this sense there are no weak natural disasters. But there are disasters that are not dangerous to humans. For example, a few days ago there was a volcanic eruption on the island of Galapagos. There live some of the rarest species of animals in the world and there is a nature, as it is not found elsewhere anymore. For this primeval world the volcanic eruption is a threat. But people do not live there.

What is the difference between a natural disaster and a natural event? ??

Hello Muuuuu, a natural event does not have to be a catastrophe. A rainbow, a northern light or a volcanic eruption on a deserted island can be wonderful spectacles where no human being is in danger.

Hello,
Where was the worst earthquake in the world?
LG

Hello deinmudda, the largest earthquake ever measured occurred in Chile in 1960. Since then, there have been earthquakes that were not as strong, but unfortunately caused many more victims.

What natural disasters are there

Hello Jsj, unfortunately there are a lot of natural disasters, for example earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, storm surges, tornadoes and hurricanes, forest fires, floods, landslides and many more. In our article on this topic you can find more information about your question.

What to do in case of a natural disaster

Hello Jojofine, humans can not prevent natural disasters. But what they can do is to prepare for such catastrophes. For example, it is very dangerous to settle on slopes of active volcanoes, in narrow river valleys, or on seashores where floods are imminent. Or one should build stable and earthquake-proof houses in areas that are known for earthquakes. And one can try to research natural events better and to develop the warning systems better and better. But unfortunately, you can’t protect yourself completely from natural disasters. It is all the more important that we humans do not contribute to nature becoming a danger through our own behavior. The stress on the climate caused by our lifestyle is a consequence of such unreasonable behavior.

In how far is man himself to blame for a natural disaster?
So, what could he have done to prevent them?!

Hello star 666, many natural disasters are caused by natural events over which we humans have no control. These include, for example, earthquakes or volcanic eruptions that occur deep inside the earth. Here, one can only take precautions, for example, research the processes inside the earth better and better, and then take more consideration for nature when settling on the earth. But people’s behavior also contributes to the fact that natural disasters have occurred more frequently in recent decades. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which are a by-product of industrial development, are warming the earth’s climate, which is probably also a reason for the increase in natural disasters. An example of this is the recent increase in the frequency and power of cyclones and torpedoes in the Pacific and North America.

why humans are partly responsible for natural disasters

Hello Jamal issa, there are natural disasters whose causes lie in nature itself and which cannot be influenced. For example, the 2011 seaquake was triggered by two huge plates colliding inside the earth, releasing unimaginable energies. Earthquakes or volcanic eruptions also happen regardless of human behavior. But human behavior also contributes to the fact that natural disasters have become more frequent in recent decades. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which are a byproduct of industrial development, are warming the earth’s climate, which is also a reason for the increase in natural disasters such as floods and severe storms.

1-When to speak of a natural disaster
2-Why humans are partly responsible for natural disasters

Hello Jamal, please read the text on the subject of "natural disaster" here in the encyclopedia of Hanisauland and our answers to the FAQ. That’s when we explained when we talk about a natural disaster and the role humans play in such disasters.

How to protect yourself from a natural disaster?

Hello Julia, people can not prevent natural disasters. But what you can do is to be prepared for such catastrophes. For example, it is very dangerous to settle on the slopes of active volcanoes or on seashores where flooding is imminent. Or one should build stable and earthquake-resistant houses in areas known for earthquakes. But unfortunately you can’t completely protect yourself from natural disasters.

What does the current early warning system for floods look like? ?What can be improved?

Hi Lolli, there has been an early warning system for several years that uses scientific data to predict such events and issue warnings based on it. Currently, there is much discussion about what can be done to improve the early warning system in cities and towns. Unfortunately, we cannot explain here in the political children’s encyclopedia of HanisauLand how this is done technically at present.

how does the catastrophe start ?what exactly happens?

Hello Hyeona , many natural disasters are caused by natural events over which we humans have no control. These include earthquakes or volcanic eruptions that occur deep inside the earth. However, human behavior also contributes to the fact that natural disasters have become more frequent in recent decades. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, which are a byproduct of industrial development, are warming the Earth’s climate, which is also a reason for the increase in natural disasters. An example of this are the cyclones and torpedoes in the Pacific region and in North America, which have recently become more frequent and more violent. The catastrophic floods in Germany this summer are also very likely to have been promoted by climate change.

What other natural catastrophes are there??

Hello Thomas, unfortunately there are a lot of them, for example earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, storm surges, tornadoes and hurricanes, forest fires, floods, landslides, and much more. Really big natural disasters are fortunately rare, although at the moment they occur more and more often. There are so many small natural disasters that we cannot give numbers for them.

Why do natural disasters occur?

Hi Elena, scientists and scholars cite different reasons for natural disasters to occur. There are causes which lie in nature itself and which cannot be influenced. The great seaquake in the Indian Ocean in 2011, for example, was triggered by two huge plates colliding in the Earth’s interior, releasing unimaginable energies. Volcanic eruptions or landslides are also among the natural disasters that have always occurred and will continue to occur. But human behavior also contributes to the fact that natural disasters have become more frequent in recent decades. Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, which are a byproduct of industrial development, are warming the Earth’s climate, which is also a reason for the increase in natural disasters. An example of this is the many forest fires and major flooding this summer, probably a result of climate change in recent decades.

good day i wanted to ask what are the 10 worst natural disasters

Hello candis , every natural disaster is terrible and for the victims the worst disaster ever. We can not give you "the worst" say, because for many natural disasters the exact number of victims is not known at all, but one has only estimates. Over the centuries there have been many disasters all over the world. In recent years, the aftermath of the 2011 tsunami in Japan in particular has been described as a major catastrophe that is still talked about a lot today. But there were also many floods and other terrible natural events that caused many thousands of victims.

How do people deal with each other after a natural disaster in other countries ? How do they deal with the situation?

Hello Luna, the impact of natural disasters on the environment can be different. For the people living in the affected area, the consequences are usually dire. They lose their homes and often their livelihoods as well. How people deal with such terrible experiences can be quite different. Many people despair, withdraw and just want to be left alone. Very often, however, you can see people standing together in such times of need, showing solidarity and helping each other as best they can. But it is just as important that they are helped by others, not least with financial support from people who are lucky enough not to have been affected by such a disaster.

Can you please tell me some technical terms and their explanation on the topic of natural disaster?

Hello Aldi, a natural disaster is a very violent and unusual natural event, which results in many deaths, injuries and homeless people. Often such natural disasters cause great damage to nature and to buildings, roads, railways and other structures. Have you read our article above about natural disasters and the answers to the questions of other visitors to our site below?? There you will find many hints to answer your question. If you want to know more about it, you are welcome to write to us again.

What was the most violent natural disaster in Switzerland?

Hello Aldi, natural disasters are difficult to compare with each other. But a major disaster that is deeply etched in the country’s memory was certainly the Goldau landslide of 1806. Over 400 people were killed when parts of a mountain came loose and buried the village of Goldau.

Why is it difficult to predict or warn about a tsunami??

Hello Aldi, a tsunami is caused by an earthquake, often also by a quake below sea level. Since the tsunami in the Indian Ocean at Christmas 2005, many alarms have been set up there to detect a quake as early as possible. But nature always provides surprises. This is especially true for earthquakes. Researchers often suspect that such a quake could occur. But predicting exactly when and where it will happen is still not possible today.

Where was a natural disaster and what was the effect on humans??

Could you please name a few? And also please the effect to it.

Kind regards, Alie&&

Hello Alie, please have a look at our article above. We have already named a few bad natural disasters of the last few years. Then if you want to know more, feel free to write us again.

why is flooding an environmental disaster

Hello CATARINA, floods occur due to natural causes. It rains unusually much at once, maybe also the snow in the Alps melts and contributes to the formation of a flood. However, floods are also fueled by the actions of people. An example: riverbanks are built over so that the water can no longer seep away or has no room to spread. But when there is a flood and people have to leave their houses or watch their basements full of water and dirt and everything that was in it has to be thrown away, then you perceive it as a disaster created by nature.

How dangerous can a tornado be

Hello Leon347, tornadoes can be life threatening. Tornadoes reach such high wind speeds that anything in their path is simply swept away – cars, trees and even entire houses.

Why is it important to know something about natural disasters?

Hello Yvi, people can not prevent natural disasters. But what they can do is to prepare for such disasters. For example, it is very dangerous to settle on slopes of active volcanoes or on seashores where flooding is imminent. Or one should build stable and earthquake-proof houses in areas known for earthquakes. The more we know about natural disasters, the better we can plan such precautions. Scientists are doing a lot to predict disasters and warn people in the area. For example, measurements are constantly being taken at active volcanoes, metereologists in America are trying to predict the path of hurricanes, and since the Indian Ocean tsunami at Christmas 2005, many alarms have been set up there. But unfortunately, you can not completely protect yourself from natural disasters.

Which natural hazards are particularly bad and threatening ?

Hi Sienna, where natural disasters occur most often and what the consequences are depends on the type of natural disaster. Certain regions in Asia, but also in southern Europe, are particularly prone to earthquakes. In Africa there are frequent droughts and in some regions of Asia flooding is more common. Tornadoes are particularly frequent in the USA. All these risks can lead to devastating damage and loss of life. The same is true for a risk that, unlike most natural disasters, does not occur suddenly but develops over a long period of time: climate change.

What damage do tsunamis cause ?

Hello Emelie, a tsunami is a flood that is triggered by a seaquake. Tsunamis can cause huge floods with enormous destructive power. In 2004, a tsunami in the Indian Ocean killed almost a quarter of a million people.

hello
somehow I don’t understand how it can happen from nature.

Hello alina22, for a natural disaster there are different triggers. The decisive factor is that the catastrophes cannot be prevented and that one usually does not see them coming. A natural disaster can be, for example, a change in the earth’s surface or atmosphere. Which trigger is exactly responsible, depends of course on the type of natural disaster. A volcanic eruption, for example, is caused by the fact that there is a lot of rumbling under the earth and finally large amounts of molten rock are pushed upwards. Have a look at the pages of Blinde Kuh.

How to protect yourself from natural disasters?

Hello Stella, people cannot prevent natural disasters. What you can do, however, is to prepare for such disasters. For example, it is very dangerous to settle on the slopes of active volcanoes or on seashores where flooding is imminent. Or one should build stable and earthquake-proof houses in areas known for earthquakes. Some natural disasters can also be predicted quite well by measurements and scientific studies. But unfortunately, there is no complete protection against natural disasters.

Under what conditions do earthquakes become natural disasters??

Hi Melanie, earthquakes are natural events that happen thousands of times every year in different places on Earth. They become a natural disaster when they endanger human life or livelihoods. That’s why even an earthquake, which fortunately doesn’t claim any lives, can be a natural disaster if, for example, large areas of good farmland are no longer accessible after the quake.

Under what conditions does an earthquake become a natural disaster??

Hello Melanie, we have already answered this question today. Read our answers to your further questions.

Why do people still live in areas where natural disasters are very common?

Hi bob, you are of course right that some disasters can be prepared for. For example, it is very dangerous to settle on slopes of active volcanoes. Or you should build stable and earthquake resistant houses in areas known for earthquakes. But unfortunately, one of the characteristics of natural disasters is that they are difficult to predict. For example, we know that the particularly beautiful and prosperous state of California in the USA is located on a kind of trench that can cause a severe earthquake every now and then. However, the last such earthquake was more than 100 years ago, and many people think that things have actually been fine for a long time and may continue to be fine for some time to come. Another reason is that zones where earthquakes or floods occur are often particularly fertile areas. People settle in these areas again and again, even if they know that it can go wrong sometime. Or: Many big cities are located at oceans and rivers. This facilitates trade and ensures the prosperity of these cities. But of course, the risk of flooding is greater there than far from the coast or in the mountains.

What do you call jemmand who deals with it

Hello Wolfi, we don’t know exactly what you mean. What does the person you are looking for deal with?

Under what conditions does a natural hazard become a natural disaster?

Hi Lea, natural disasters are very violent and unusual natural events that lead to many deaths, injuries and homeless people. Often these natural disasters cause great damage to nature and to buildings, roads, railways and other structures. Above we have already written that there are very different types of natural disasters. In all cases, it can be said that a natural disaster occurs when a certain existing risk occurs. For example, the huge clods of earth on which the continents and oceans lie are constantly rubbing against each other underground. The moment this rubbing together becomes particularly violent, an earthquake occurs and with it a natural disaster.

Could they write something for protection against natural disasters?

Hello alisanur, natural disasters show us humans that we are only a part of the earth and that we cannot control it completely. Scientists do a lot to predict disasters and to be able to warn people in the vicinity – for example, measurements are constantly taken at active volcanoes, in America metereologists try to predict the path of hurricanes, and since the tsunami in the Indian Ocean at Christmas 2005, many alarm devices have been set up there. But nature never ceases to surprise us. For us humans, this means that we should retain a certain humility toward our environment – and that, where possible, we should not challenge it unnecessarily: Building large cities on flood-prone coasts is anything but wise, and through our CO2 emissions, for example, we are contributing to more and more severe storms in this country as well.

How does a natural disaster happen?

Hello elisa, natural disasters show us humans again and again that we are only a part of the earth and cannot control it completely. Since there are many different types of natural disasters, it is not easy to answer how they occur. Avalanches for example can develop by smallest movements or vibrations, a giant flood wave develops by an earthquake. Mostly natural disasters do not have only one cause. For example, floods occur not only because it rains a lot, but also because the snow may be melting and flowing down the mountains at that very time. Scientists are doing a lot to predict disasters and warn people in the area. For example, measurements are constantly being taken at active volcanoes, in America metereologists are trying to predict the path of hurricanes, and since the tsunami in the Indian Ocean at Christmas 2005, many alarms have been set up there. But nature provides unpleasant surprises again and again. For us humans, this means we should maintain a certain humility toward our environment-and where possible, not challenge it unnecessarily: Building large cities on flood-prone coasts is anything but wise, and through our CO2 emissions we are contributing to the fact that there will be more and more severe storms in this country as well.

How many children died

Hello Gamze, exactly how many children have died, we do not know. Many children have not been found yet, it is hoped that they are still alive. Have a look at our homepage, there you will find links with information about the catastrophe in South Asia and also about the situation of the children there.

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Before you ask a question, please read the encyclopedia article in its entirety. Please check if someone has already asked the same question. Often you can already find the answer to your question there.

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