Early miscarriage: symptoms, causes and procedure of early miscarriage

woman misses her child after early miscarriage

An early miscarriage is one that occurs in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Early miscarriage occurs in about 15% of all clinically detected pregnancies.

In most cases, several factors come together so that no specific cause can be determined. If you want to prevent miscarriage, you should get plenty of sleep, eat healthy food and avoid alcohol, cigarettes and drugs.

The signs of an early miscarriage can be very different. While women with a restrained miscarriage usually do not feel anything at all, an incipient miscarriage can also make itself felt through labor-like pain. In this case, go immediately to the nearest hospital.

Early abortion is a Subject area that many women in our society are very reluctant to talk about. The risk of miscarriage is much higher than many couples think. Most miscarriages occur in the first two and a half months of pregnancy.

A miscarriage is when the pregnancy ends before the baby is viable. How premature birth can occur, what signs can be observed and what treatment is necessary in this case, learn more in this article.

1. In the case of a miscarriage, the child is not yet viable

woman holds embryo in her hands

If an early abortion occurs, the embryo was not yet viable.

As a rule, women are delighted when they find out they are pregnant. Even though many couples keep the pregnancy a secret during the first three months, they still anticipate that everything will go well.

Unfortunately, not every pregnancy leads to birth. According to the Bonn University Hospital, the Miscarriage rate of clinically detected pregnancies at about 15%. A good 80% of these miscarriages happen in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The frequency is estimated to be much higher overall, as some pregnancies go completely unnoticed.

A miscarriage, miscarriage or small birth is when the pregnancy ends before the child is viable. Miscarriages are classified as early abortions (before 12 weeks of gestation). The first week of pregnancy) and the late miscarriage (after 12 weeks of pregnancy) are the most common. SSW) subdivided. From 23. After the first week of pregnancy and a body weight of 400 grams, a baby is already viable, so that the early birth from this point on is called premature birth.

Basically, early abortion is a protective mechanism of the female body. A natural miscarriage occurs when an embryo would not have been viable. The likelihood of miscarriage increases with the age of the mother. While the risk of miscarriage is about 9-17% between the ages of 20 and 30, the probability of miscarriage is almost 55% at the age of 42.

2. The most common causes are genetic predispositions and hormonal disorders

woman rests on the couch

Give yourself extra rest and relaxation during the first three months of pregnancy.

Women who suffer a miscarriage are often devastated and blame themselves for the fact that the child could not be born healthy. These thoughts are understandable, but in most cases they have nothing to do with reality.

Why an early miscarriage occurs can have many different causes. These are either related to the female reproductive organs or other physical dysfunctions. In many cases, several factors come together.

These are the most common causes of early abortion:

  • Genetic factors, disorders in the child’s genetic makeup
  • Blood group incompatibility
  • Hormonal disorders of the mother
  • Diseases of the uterus, e.g. Myomas or tumors
  • Infections
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Stress and mental strain

Only a few women experience multiple miscarriages. Often the cause is not obvious. Nevertheless, further examinations are usually not necessary. In the case of repeated miscarriages, it may make sense to research the specific causes.

In most cases, a woman can not prevent a miscarriage. However, in the first trimester of pregnancy you should Make sure you get enough sleep and eat a healthy diet. Alcohol, cigarettes and drugs are strictly prohibited throughout pregnancy.

3. Early abortion – these symptoms can occur

Habitual miscarriage

About 0.5% of women are affected by at least three consecutive miscarriages. Doctors and scientists have found that special antibodies can be responsible for this. These can be eliminated quite easily with medication.

If an abortion takes place within the first few days or weeks, most women do not even notice it, as they also did not yet know that they were pregnant. In this case it is often mistaken for a heavier menstrual period.

However, if the miscarriage takes place later, it is possible that symptoms may appear beforehand. If the miscarriage is imminent, there is often bleeding or a pulling sensation in the lower abdomen. An incipient miscarriage, on the other hand, can make itself felt through labor-like pain. In febrile abortion, there is a high fever and purulent discharge from the vagina.

A restrained miscarriage, on the other hand, is characterized by the fact that there are no or very few signs. Since there is neither pain nor bleeding, only an ultrasound can determine if there has been an abortion.

As soon as you notice signs of a premature birth, you should consult a doctor or a nurse as soon as possible. Visit a hospital. If it is only an incipient miscarriage, in some cases this can be averted by taking appropriate measures.

4. Treatment depends on the type of abortion

gynecologist performs a curettage

Bleeding and infections can be avoided by a curettage.

The gynecologist will first perform a An ultrasound examination is performed to determine whether the abortion is complete. If this is the case, no medical treatment is necessary. If, on the other hand, parts of the pregnancy are still present in the uterus, a so-called curettage must be performed. The embryo, the membranes and the placenta are removed.

In some cases, it is also possible to take medication that loosens the cervix so that the dead fetus can be expelled.

In addition to medical treatment, however, the focus should also be on psychological processing. For most couples, losing a child is anything but easy. Even if it was not yet viable, it has already taken a place in the family. In this situation it can help to light a candle for the baby or to acquire a piece of jewelry that always reminds of this child.

If you need help, you can also contact a therapist or support groups at any time. You can get detailed information either from your gynecologist or in a maternity clinic. It is important Learn to say goodbye and move on despite the loss.

After a miscarriage you should wait about three months until the next pregnancy. The body needs this time to regenerate itself. An early start to school Chances of a successful pregnancy in no way diminished.

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