General information about trout
It is one of the most famous fish at all – the Salmo trutta or more simply, the Trout. It belongs to the salmon fish, is widespread and one of the most popular fishing and eating fish in Germany. In the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, in the Atlantic Ocean, in Western Russia, from Spain to Iceland and in numerous lakes and rivers of Europe you can find different species of trout. Depending on the genetics of the fish, trout species are distinguished between the Sea trout, which belongs to the anadorm migratory fish, d.h. it lives some time in salt water, and the Brown trout, rain trout and lake trout, which spends its entire life in freshwater habitat. There they like especially lakes, streams and rivers that are clear and rather cold (oxygen rich&nutrient poor). they eat mainly aquatic insects, but also their flying conspecifics if they are careless.
Best known subspecies – the rainbow trout
Especially in Europe the rainbow trout has spread more and more in the last time. It originates from America. The Rainbow trout is Undemanding to the living conditions, than its kind comrades and nevertheless it becomes faster large. In order to better protect regional fish, the use of non-native species has now been reduced. It is discussed whether the rainbow trout can displace the brown trout. For both types of fish are bred with almost equal success.
The biting and eating behavior of trout
Most trout in their natural environment eat mainly small animals. This includes insects, their larvae and smaller crustaceans. But there are also specialists among the trout. These specimens live predatorily and make Hunting for small fish. When the trout strikes, it happens very quickly. it lurks in shady places on the surface or at the bottom of the water, as well as in shelters for prey that drifts by.
The Salmon trout is a special type of trout. They possess a red meat, that gives it the name salmon trout – is this due to its preferred prey: the brown shrimp. Basically trout adapted to the external conditions and the food supply. It can also live predatorily, but in principle operates the hunting form with the lowest effort with maximum feeding success at the same time. Hardly any other fish adapts in this way.
The spawning behavior of trout
When the spawning season begins in October, trout become active. They migrate in flowing waters upstream or upstream and prefer shallow tributaries. Here the water flows very fast. The females are responsible for the spawning pits on the ground. These are dug in the gravel and are about half a meter in diameter. The male now gives the female a few blows in the side. This behavior results in egg laying. The trout lays relatively few eggs. Between 1000 and 1500 eggs on average. For this the eggs are as big as peas. Immediately after spawning, the clutch is fertilized by the males and then covered with gravel again. Only after two and a half to four months the offspring comes into the world. First, the existing yolk sac serves as a food source for the young fish. At an age of 3 to 4 years the trout themselves become sexually mature again.
The trout as a target fish
Trout and in particular rainbow trout are not particularly difficult to catch and allow a Variety from Fishing techniques. The Fishing on Trout on trout lakes is a great way to introduce the youngsters to our favorite hobby!
Only the individual habitat, clear and cold waters that flow fast, as well as shady and densely overgrown shore regions limit the angler in the choice of his equipment. With the necessary background knowledge and some helpful Tips but it is a feasible task Catching trout. March or April at the latest marks the beginning of the fishing season for trout anglers. If you are a real expert, you catch the torpedo-shaped salmonids with a fly rod. Of course, this way of success is not easy to learn, but it is a lot of fun. There Trout predatory fish Since the brown trout is a very small fish, which sometimes does not shy away from cannibalism, this fish can also be caught very effectively with the use of artificial lures, such as small plugs or Mepps spinners.
Trout fishing with the fly
Very often when fishing Trout the Fly fishing practiced. For this the angler needs above all a fly, which also occurs at this time of year. Wet flies or even dry flies should be used, which are medium in size. An AFTMA fly rod of class 4 – 6 is often used for angling. The bait thereby simulates a real insect. Trout are not very demanding when it comes to bait on trout lakes. On flowing waters, on the other hand, it is advisable to know the local biology and to rely on regional and seasonal fly imiates.
Trout fishing with a spinner
Sometimes they can also be fished with the help of a spinning rod. This should be light and in combination with a choice of spinners or small flashers are used. Trout will also bite on small plugs, bait fish or spinners that are on the system. If a spinner is used, it can look as natural as possible, or it can be used for metallic sparkle. If the water is rather dark or dusk is already setting in, then the use of colorful, high-contrast spinners is recommended. Large spinners and medium variants are recommended for fishing for trout, here the specimens from Mepps are extremely successful. When using small sizes, you have to expect that undersized fish will bite and they will have to be put back due to the gentle size.
trout fishing with natural bait
The most popular fishing bait is the simple natural bait: Maggots, larvae or worms can quickly lead to success. The trout is often found near rocks or tree trunks, which form obstacles to the current. During the hot season the fish prefers shady places. A useful tip that will save you sleepless nights: it is better not to go night fishing!
The trout is an active fish, so the predator likes it when you let the bait drift in the course of the current. If you can, you should let your lure make an artificial bow against the current shortly before the end of the current. If the bait runs crosswise to the actual current then it has been found that many trout snap right now.
Trout fishing with trout dough
Trout experts, especially at fishing lakes, swear by the combination of Trout dough in combination with the sbirolino or water ball: here the rotating dough is pulled through the water and animates the predators to attack. Not only on natural waters, but especially on fishing lakes, trout dough is an unbeatable bait that makes fishing really fun! Trout dough is available in all kinds of Colors and is sometimes enriched with tastes or glitter particles. The dough is wrapped around the hook by hand in such a way that it creates as many pressure waves as possible under water.
Trout fishing with plugs
Select those that imitate whitefish, bullheads or even small trout. This fishing technique is especially suitable for active target fish and rather warmer waters. The trout usually bites Plugs the maximum 5 cm are long, so-called trout plugs. Feel free to use these smaller plugs. If only one bite is allowed, then the head triplet is preferable to the tail triplet. The missing triplet should be replaced by weight with the use of lead.
Fishing for trout – Finding the right fishing spot
Good fishing spots are easily recognizable by the water and its color changes. Rinsed curves, edges or approximately holes stand out in the course of the water depth from light to dark. Sometimes, but by no means always, these differences in depth can already be seen in the shore conditions.
It is therefore advisable to always check the course of the water, the flow behavior, as well as possible color changes on the surface to observe. The largest trout are usually found at the edges of strong currents or in very deep hollows and holes. Also the Outside curve on a river promises good catch results. Here, at the long bend, the water is often particularly deep due to the influence of many years of erosion. In Still waters are Inlets and drains Hotspots that should be fished.
But also in places where bushes or branches hang far above the river surface trout can bite well. Because in these places there are often hidden shallows, for example when roots or large stones form a shallow hole Current edge arise. Here also the trouts like to stay. In the summer more stands are added. Hot spots can be for example in weed fields or weed plumes. These plants are now especially dense and high. Thus, they offer the trout the coveted current shadow that the fish needs for a successful hunt. The angler, on the other hand, needs just such spots for a successful catch!