Hardly any other vegetable plant is as popular in Germany as the tomato. It found its way from South America in the 16. Tomatoes were introduced to Europe in the nineteenth century, where they were initially grown as an ornamental plant. Only later realized how good their red fruits taste. Today it is impossible to imagine a kitchen without it. They come in over 3.000 varieties.
The tomato is for many a must in the garden – but it wants to be cared for
Tomatoes are best sown in a well-drained soil rich in humus and nutrients or. planting. Work in soil preparation in planters or soil compost or apply organic tomato fertilizer to help provide basic nutrition for your tomato plants. Tomatoes are sensitive to waterlogging. Make sure, especially when growing in tubs, that the water can drain off well. The best location is sunny, warm and protected from wind and rain.
You can plant your tomatoes outdoors, in tubs or in a greenhouse. Tubs should have a capacity of at least ten liters. In it you can grow small balcony varieties. It is recommended to have a canopy for your tomato plants, because they don’t like it at all when the watering comes from above. Support the plants with stakes as a climbing aid.
With Ina’s tips the tomato harvest succeeds
Tomatoes want to be supported
Pre-planting and planting outdoor tomatoes
If you don’t have a greenhouse available, as a preliminary consideration, we recommend choosing suitable varieties for the outdoors that are more tolerant of late blight. These are, for example, the wild tomato varieties yellow currant or red currant, which also require much less care.
Tomato seeds need warmth to germinate. If it’s still cold outside, you can sow the seeds at home in seed pots and later plant them as seedlings in the open. Tomatoes usually germinate quite reliably. If you want to spare yourself the later pricking out, you can therefore sow your tomatoes directly one by one in seed pots.
Plant your pre-picked tomatoes as deep as possible, this will allow adventitious roots to form on the stem and give your plant a better stand.
If there is still a threat of frost after planting, cover the plants with fleece.
- Seed depth: 0.5-1 cm
- Planting distance: in the bed: 60-80 cm, in the open: 80-100 cm
- Good neighbors: garlic, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce,
- Bad neighbors: fennel, cucumber, potatoes, peas
- Advance: From mid/late March
- Planting out in the bed: middle/end of May (in the greenhouse: beginning of May)
- Direct sowing from: mid-May
- Germination period: 10-14 days, often longer for older varieties
- Cultivation period/harvest maturity: July to October
Green ear tip for novice gardeners
Be careful not to start seeds too early at home. Since tomatoes may only after the ice saints in mid-May into the open field, they can otherwise become too long and thin for you. One speaks here of "Vergeilen. But from April you can get started.
Old hare tip for experienced gardeners
If the young plants are wilted because of a too dark stand or too early cultivation, they can be planted very deep. The parts of the shoot axis that are then below ground form adventitious roots. However, the vegetation point must remain above ground.
Buy organic seeds in our store
In our shop you will find many special varieties of seeds in organic quality from the Andean berry to the sugar snap pea. Underneath u. a. Rarities and old varieties, a wide range of outdoor tomatoes, peppers and lettuces, as well as quite a few bee-friendly flowers. Our five organic seed packages will make your choice easier.
Basically, tomatoes in our latitudes succeed more safely in the greenhouse than in the open field, because here they are warm and protected from the rain. Outdoor tomatoes are also happy to be protected from the rain. You can buy a film with small holes as shown in the picture and fix it on sticks around the tomatoes, but underneath there is also easily high moisture, which can bring rotting. Alternatively, you can therefore use foil tents, which are offered in garden centers. However, it is important here that the protection is not too tight around the plant, otherwise condensation will form here as well and counteract the purpose of the rain protection. A tomato fleece tube made from renewable raw materials is more ecological than a film and protects against hail, pests and too much heat or cold.
Rain protection and tomato stick for a rich harvest
To provide tomatoes with more air and light, and to protect them from disease, direct them away from the ground and upwards, so that they can reach a considerable size. When fruits form, they become heavy and must therefore be well supported. Put a sturdy stick next to the plant in time and tie it with a string. With a little craftsmanship, you can also build a construction through which you can guide tomatoes up a string. Spiral-shaped metal sticks are also available in stores, which you can use for this purpose.
Rain protection, but poor ventilation
Eco tomato fleece tube for good microclimate