Similar to humans, the muscles of dogs play a key role in vitality, mobility and enjoyment of life into old age. The joints in particular benefit from strong, surrounding muscles.
Last but not least, muscles are crucial for the energy metabolism of a dog even at rest. Our four-legged friends today suffer from typical diseases and phenomena that we humans associate with a less than ideal lifestyle.
Examples of this are arthrosis and overweight. Lack of exercise is also not uncommon in animals. The Building of musculature in a healthy measure helps to Dogs longer young and healthy to hold.
Even if health restrictions already exist, for example, after injuries, the Development of muscles in focus. But how to build muscle in our four-legged friends? Are there Strength training for dogs?
What role does the Nutrition in building muscle to? Learn more about the topic in this article.
The influence of exercise on muscles in dogs
The Building muscles is based on the same principles for our four-legged companions as it is for us humans. Muscles need a demand, a stimulus, to grow.
In addition, phases of exertion and rest must alternate, so that more muscle mass arises. A muscle building training for our four-legged friends is therefore not possible without specific movement stimuli.
Muscle building dog – how does the muscle growth work?
Growth of the muscle is an adaptation reaction. Muscles adapt to a physical demand in order to be able to cope with it accordingly in the future. Muscle growth stands generally for a Increase of the existing musculature.
In the process, the existing muscle fibers thicken. In this context we also speak of Muscle hypertrophy (or. hypertrophy training). It is not clear whether in the course of muscle building training for dogs also to a New formation of muscle fibers comes.
The technical term for this type of Muscle growth is muscle dysplasia. This has already been proven in some rodents. It remains open whether the results can also be transferred to other mammals such as dogs.
(Cf. Se-Jin Lee: Regulation of muscle mass by myostatin. In: Annu. Rev. cell dev. Biol. 2004. 21. April 20, 2004, S. 61-86.)
There is no typical standard training for Building muscles in our four-legged friends. Too different are the respective individual conditions, which each individual animal brings along.
For example, certain anatomical deformities, such as those in the hip joint, can cause a number of Training measures exclude from the outset.
Differently than with some strength sportsmen among humans it does not concern with our four-legged companions also, Musculature for purely aesthetic reasons or out of the vanity of the owner to be trained especially.
What is needed is a natural and healthy musculature that supports all bodily functions and various other anatomical elements such as Protects joints.
Consider the individual constitution
Each animal brings from its constitution and its age different conditions with the musculature with. This should be done during any kind of Consider muscle building training.
Puppies are still growing and are only just starting to build up their entire body tissue. With a targeted Muscle building training should not be started with animals younger than one year old.
For adult animals, it may also be advisable to have the animal examined by a veterinarian before starting a specific training program. Perhaps there are individual diseases or anatomical peculiarities that speak against a certain type of training.
It also goes without saying that in animals with known previous injuries or anatomical features training should not be started without the support of a physiotherapist or veterinarian.
Some animals will benefit from a very specific training under physiotherapeutic supervision, for example water training.
It is also important neither to underchallenge nor to overchallenge the quadruped. Muscle growth depends on a balanced system of stimulus and rest phases.
Other principles of a muscle building training for dogs
If you as an owner want to train the muscles of your four-legged friend in a targeted manner, you should internalize the following principles:
- At Dogs as with humans, care must be taken to ensure sufficient warm-up training before the exercises themselves. A good warm-up training is for example slow and fast walking and running alternately. Exercises with a ball can also be good for warm-up sessions.
- Muscle building should be combined with fun and games for the four-legged friend. Also the exercises must not become boring.
- The own, especially psychological constitution influences the fun of the dog at the training. Bad mood of the owner and irritability directly affect the performance and readiness of the animal.
- Muscles should be trained in total evenly and especially on both sides of the body with identical intensity
Dog owners should keep in mind that targeted training is not only associated with physical performance of the dog is connected. Concentration and focus are also required from the animal during the exercises.
Here, too, it should be avoided to overstrain the quadruped.
Muscle mass grows with the four-legged companion indirectly also by praise and motivation. These support him to stay with it.
Typical training measures
We introduce you to some typical training variations for the Building muscles in dogs before:
Obstacle or Cavaletti Training
With obstacles, which you can also build yourself from broomsticks, for example, trains the dog especially his legs. By leading the animal slowly over the obstacles, you encourage it to consciously lift its front and hind legs over the obstacles. Depending on how you design the training course in detail, the exercises can be intensified.
uphill and downhill training
The animal is led up and down small hills here. In order to intensify the training, small slalom courses can be inserted. Also with this exercise it concerns that the quadruped sets completely consciously slowly its paws. It is not about a hectic or particularly fast execution of the exercise.
Here the quadruped should stand on a raised object such as a tree trunk or an upturned bucket with the front paws.
With treats or Toys steer the dog owner focus attention on one side of the body at a time so that the animal is forced to move its hindquarters. With this exercise you train the entire rear musculature, including the hind legs.
With these exercises, the owner takes a very active part in the training measures. For correct execution, it may be advisable to have a physiotherapist explain the principle of isometric exercises once.
In a nutshell, the owner applies pressure to certain parts of the dog’s body, this tightens the musculature and offers resistance. A muscle stimulus is created via the resistance, which leads to the Muscle building can contribute.
Dogs often like these exercises very, because they are also associated with a special closeness to the holder. They usually quickly grasp the principle and offer appropriate resistance to the pressure of the owner. For them, it’s all a game, where the body can build muscle mass almost incidentally.
The factor diet in muscle building dog
In order for muscle fibers to thicken, they need sufficient building materials. These building blocks form proteins, respectively the smallest building blocks of protein amino acids. Some of these amino acids are formed by the body itself, others are produced by the body you must supply with the food.
The latter we call essential amino acids.
are essential for the dog. The American scientist Professor Dr. Luca-Moretti has with view of the essential amino acids with mammals a Theory of the amino acid pattern develops.
It represents thereby the thesis that essential amino acids can be utilized particularly well by the respective organism.
The usability is about 99 %. Therefore, the essential protein building blocks are the ideal building material and can rel=""support faster muscle building.
Even if you do not want to follow this theory, there is little doubt about the necessity of an adequate protein supply with regard to more muscle mass.
Carnivore or not?
If you feed your canine companion enough meat, he will absorb regularly the necessary amount of protein. It depends however also on the general state of health and above all on its age.
At older dogs work the typical transformation processes, to which amino acids constantly in the animal organism are subject, often no longer so effectively. This means that the need for protein can be greater in senior dogs.
At the same time, the muscles in the canine organism are reduced in accordance with age. If the animal is to remain young longer, the muscle dismantling should be counteracted.
With the Nutrition of the dog it is always debated whether it is a pure carnivore or a carnivore- omnivore. Today, experts tend to regard our domesticated four-legged friends as carnivores rather than wolves.
There are dog owners who feed their animals a vegan diet. This is especially critical from the point of view of protein supply.
Especially for young and older animals, which may have an increased need for protein, a vegan diet for the dog might not be considered species-appropriate. Although vegan foods can contain amino acids just like animal foods.
However, it is precisely animal components in feeding that form the essential amino acids rather in their entirety from. If meat is avoided, it also depends on a very specific combination of certain plant foods to ensure protein supply.
Whether the Dog can build up more muscle mass under such circumstances, might be doubtful. At dogs with an increased need in protein, regardless of the diet, under certain circumstances, a feeding supplement with amino acids can be useful. This is especially true when it comes to the builds up musculature goes.
Our nutrition expert Maik Thies has been working successfully since 2011 as a personal coach and manager for fitness& leisure facilities in the health market.
As a fitness specialist and world champion in bodybuilding, he passes on his knowledge to people who want to redefine physical and mental limits and attach importance to a healthy and balanced diet. Among its customers are u.a. Skeleton athletes Janine Becker and Alexander Gassner, bobsleigh pilot Stephanie Schneider, rally motor sportsman Sepp Wiegand etc.
It helps amino4u explain the body’s processes to you in a simple and understandable way, allowing you to regain more health and enjoyment of life.
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