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- Mini bar for mothers and fathers
Minijob for mothers and fathers – You can earn up to 450 euros per month. Your advantage is that you are exempt from all social security contributions, but there are still some things to keep in mind. We have compiled everything worth knowing for you.
Interesting facts about the mini-job for mothers and fathers
The monthly income limit for a mini-job, colloquially known as a 400 euro job, is 450 euros (the income limit was increased in 2013). If the monthly income is subject to fluctuations, there is an annual income limit of 5.400 euros.
With a mini-job you are exempt from social security contributions, only the employer pays a flat rate of 30 percent. If you work in a private household, the flat rate for the employer is reduced to 13.7 percent.
Your gross income from the job is therefore equal to the net income: The employer’s lump sum includes pension and health insurance as well as taxes.
You can have several mini-jobs at the same time, but the total monthly income from the activities must not exceed 450 euros per month or 5 euros per month.not exceed 400 euros per year.
There is one exception: If you already have a main job and would like to earn some extra money with the mini-job, only one activity is tax-free. If you work more than one job, all other jobs are added to the main income and are subject to the tax liability.
Short-term employment is considered a mini-job even with a higher income, as long as the employment is limited to two months per year or, with a maximum of four days per week, to a total of 50 days per year. If the income from the activity exceeds 5.400 euros a year, you still remain exempt from social security contributions, but are subject to tax.
Otherwise, the weekly working time for a mini-job is not limited; only during parental leave is there a further exception.
In the event of illness, you are entitled to continued payment of wages even in the case of a mini-job; this is limited to 42 days per year. For vacation entitlement, notice periods, accident insurance and maternity protection, the same legal provisions apply as for a full-time salaried job.
Mini-job and health insurance
In the case of a mini-job, it is generally assumed that you are working in addition to a main job that is subject to social insurance contributions or receiving unemployment benefits I or II, or that you are insured through your spouse or privately. The lump sum paid by the employer therefore falls under the solidarity scheme.
This means that if you do not have health insurance for any reason and are working in a mini-job, you are not automatically insured – you must therefore take out health insurance.
Mini-job for mothers and fathers on parental leave
During parental leave you are allowed to work in a mini-job. Here it is important to note that the weekly working time may not exceed 30 hours per week.
If you want to take on a mini-job with an employer other than your actual employer, the employer must give his or her consent. If you are unemployed, the relevant employment office must be informed, and the income will be deducted from your monthly salary on a pro rata basis.
The income from the mini-job is also offset against the parental allowance. Not, however, if you receive Elterngeld Plus (applies to children born from 1. July 2015 were born). Once the parental allowance has expired, the permitted weekly working time during parental leave is nevertheless limited to 30 hours per week. After parental leave, this limit no longer applies.
Seasonal jobs are often given as mini-jobs. These are often well-paid and, provided that the permitted working hours in the year are not exceeded, remain free of social security contributions for the employee. Mini-jobs are also often chosen as vacation and sickness replacements.
Otherwise, any employment can be classified as a mini-job. Restaurants and cafes hire waiters on this basis, office workers can also work a 400 euro job, as can cashiers in supermarkets, cleaners, domestic help or warehouse workers. A very typical occupation is the delivery of magazines.