Puppies are cute, adult dogs can be cute too. But also dogs have to learn certain things first. About where they are allowed to do their business and where not. But how to get your dog house trained?
We have compiled information and tips on how to housebreak your dog.
The most important things in a nutshell
- To housebreak a puppy you need time and patience. The dog must first learn where it is allowed to relieve itself.
- Even adult dogs may not be housetrained yet or not anymore.
- If dogs are no longer housebroken, there may be health reasons for it. You should consult a vet in this case.
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What does housetrained mean?
A dog is housebroken when it has been trained not to do its business indoors, but outside. This article is about housetraining dogs and how to get dogs
Background: What you should know about housetraining dogs and their development
When you get a dog, you usually have to house train it. You have to teach him where he is allowed to relieve himself. You should also know some things about healthy dog development. We have compiled essential information for you.
How to get a puppy housebroken?
You should start housetraining your puppy at an early age. Because in the imprinting phase puppies learn the fastest. The imprinting phase extends over the first 20 weeks of the puppy’s life.
To housebreak your puppy, you should watch him very closely in the beginning and be patient with him.
If you notice that the puppy is getting restless, this is usually a sign that it needs to relieve itself. It is important that you take him outside before he relieves himself.
If the puppy goes into the apartment, do not scold him, but bring him quickly outside. Praise him when he urinates outside again. You can tell your puppy with a "no" that it was wrong to go into the apartment.
Take the puppy out for a walk before bedtime to keep him busy and sleeping through the night. You will need a leash with a harness or collar.
What are the developmental stages a puppy goes through?
Puppies go through three stages of development:
- Neonatal phase
- Transitional phase
- Socialization phase
During the first two weeks of life, the puppy is in the neonatal stage, or newborn phase. The puppy tries to feel warmth through his body. The head of the puppy oscillates slightly during movements.
In the third week of life, puppies are in a transitional phase. At this stage, the puppy can hear and see and begins to respond to sounds and look around. The puppy can now regulate its heat on its own and leave the nest.
He can do his business by himself and his muscle coordination improves. In this transitional phase you should start to train the dog to be housebroken.
By the end of the third week of life, ca. around the 21. day of the puppy’s life, the socialization phase begins. The socialization phase lasts until 12. or 14. Week of life. This phase lays the foundation for the puppy’s future behavior.
The socialization phase is particularly suitable for learning. What the puppy learns now in appropriate measure and under safe conditions will be useful to him for the rest of his life. These experiences are also linked later with relaxation.
Especially in the socialization phase dogs should be encouraged and learn a lot. Overstraining the dogs should be avoided. Too many stimuli prevent puppies from coming to rest.
If the puppy is active, deal with it and encourage it in small steps. Puppies are exposed to many impressions of the environment anyway and need to learn to cope with them:
- Other dogs
- Unfamiliar pets
- Different floors
- Sounds of household appliances
The puppy should be introduced to all this gradually. After all, the dog should later be able to confidently handle different situations and develop good bonding skills. Only in this way can he live harmoniously with people.
At what age puppies learn best?
Puppies are most capable of learning during the imprinting phase. The imprinting phase extends over the first 4 to 5 months of the puppy’s life. But puppies can still learn new things after that.
How does my dog learn where he can and cannot do his business??
If he is still very small, it is advisable to set up a corner for his business. Build a box and put pads around it so your floor doesn’t get damaged.
Observe your dog and always take him outside immediately if you notice that he becomes restless. The puppy may not know on its own that it is not allowed to do its business everywhere. You have to show him where he can go and where he cannot.
How to properly train your dog to do his business outside only?
With patience, praise and attention, your dog will learn that he can only do his business outside. Carry him outside at the beginning, if he becomes restless or preventively depending on age every 2 – 4 hours at least once.
When he is a bit older, take him outside every few hours or when he is restless. Let him now walk behind you instead of carrying him. This way your puppy will memorize the way outside easier.
When your puppy has done his business outside or has correctly indicated that he needs to relieve himself, praise him.
If he has made despite ads in the apartment, do not scold him. Just be faster next time and bring him outside in time.
How to get an adult dog housebroken?
Dogs usually keep their territory clean. If they do their business in their territory, it is often because they have got into the habit for some reason.
Follow these steps if you want to housebreak your adult dog:
- Research your dog’s background
- Make an appointment with the vet
- Observe where and when your dog relieves himself
- Clean dirty places in your apartment thoroughly
- Take a few days off to train your dog to be housetrained
- Show your dog a place where he is allowed to relieve himself
- Create routine
Especially if your dog was already housebroken, there may be age or stress-related medical reasons for his changed behavior.
If the dog urinates only occasionally in his outdoor area, it has nothing to do with uncleanliness. He then marks his territory.
In this case, it is important to check with your veterinarian to find out why your dog is no longer housebroken. Because in the case of illness-related uncleanliness, educational measures do not help. The dog then needs medical help.
In addition to physical causes, there can also be psychological causes for the behavioral changes. Describe to your vet exactly what changes have occurred in the dog’s behavior and environment.
Possible changes can be about these:
- Change of diet
- Addition or departure of a living being in the dog’s environment
- Change the daily routine
It can also be that your dog is afraid of outside.
If your dog has become loose in the home, clean the area thoroughly with enzyme cleaner for example. If your apartment still smells of animal excrement, your dog associates these smells and the environment in which he perceives them with each other. He will then continue to do his business there.
If the smells bother you yourself, you can partly use room fresheners or scent sprays.
Adult dogs learn faster than puppies. If you practice with them daily, you can get them housebroken within seven days. Establish a regular daily rhythm. You should keep this after your vacation. Therefore, make sure that the daily rhythm is compatible with your work.
It doesn’t matter if your dog has a fixed place in your home or outside to do his business. You have to go there with it in the beginning and practice that it may only detach there.
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