Celery is a healthy, vitamin-rich vegetable that can be used in many ways. A distinction is made between celeriac and celery stalks, in which the above-ground part of the plant is used.
However, the two varieties are not one and the same plant, but different cultivars are used.

Location& Soil

Whether round or long, celery needs a lot of nutrients

Celeriac is one of the heavy feeders, so it loves deep and nutrient-rich soil. He prefers, which in the previous year autumn fertilized with abundant compost or manure.

You should also plant celery in nutrient-rich soil. Celery is more demanding than its bulbous brother. The soil should have good water retention properties.

While celeriac thrives in sunny locations, celery stalks remain more tender when the stalks are protected from light.


The thickened shoot of celeriac

Sowing& Planting

Preplanting from March onwards, into the open from May onwards

Celery seeds are sown early in the year, as celery grows relatively slowly. You should start growing celery at home no later than the beginning of March. It should be noted that celery is a light germinator, so the seed is not covered with soil.

To ensure sufficient and continuous moisture, we recommend covering the pots with foil until the first green appears.
You can either sow the celery directly in small pots, or use a sowing tray from which you separate the seedlings as soon as they put on the first leaves.

Planting in the bed is done in May with a row spacing of 40 cm, the planting distance should be at least 35 cm. It is important that the plant is not planted too deep.

  • Seed depth: Light germinator
  • Planting distance: 30 cm, row spacing: 45 cm
  • Good neighbors: spinach, bush beans, cucumbers, cabbage, leeks, tomatoes, kohlrabi
  • Bad neighbors: potatoes, lettuce, corn
  • Preplanting: March, April at min. 10-15 degrees
  • Planting out in the bed: May and June
  • Direct sowing from: –
  • Germination period: 14 days
  • Cultivation period/maturity: celery: July to October, celeriac: September to March

Celeriac seedling

young celeriac, which has already been planted out in the bed


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Care& Fertilization

Hoeing once saves watering three times

The soil around the celery plants should be loosened regularly at the beginning and basically kept weed-free. Fertilize from time to time, for example with nettle manure.

Especially celery needs a continuous water supply. Mulch the soil around the plant, as a layer of mulch retains moisture well.

Old hare tip for experienced gardeners

To make the celery bulb nice and bright, the plants can be watered with a light saline solution in the beginning, as celery tolerates salt quite well, unlike all other plants. Be sure to water only the celeriac plants. All other plants go.

When the tuber has reached the size of a walnut, the soil in the upper third of the tuber is removed so that it is exposed. This stimulates the growth of the tuber.

Green Ear Tip

Celery stalks become more tender when they don’t get light. You can either place light-proof collars around the plants or mound them regularly.




Simply pull the tuber, which has grown to at least the size of a tennis ball, out of the ground by the run, and cut off the roots with a sharp knife along the fruit. You can, however, keep the tubers growing until October. Harvesting is possible until late fall without any problems.
Do not wash the tuber so that it can be stored better. Moisture promotes a possible fungal attack after harvesting.



Once the above-ground celery stalks have grown large enough, you can either break them off the plant from the outside in, or cut off all the greenery above the small bulb so that the stalks stay together. If the tuber is not removed from the soil, more stalks can sprout, which can be harvested until late autumn. Water the plants before harvesting to keep them crunchy.


Wrap them in damp cloths, newspapers and sand to prolong the storage time

Celeriac can remain on the bed until autumn. When harvested, celery tubers, wrapped in a damp cloth, will keep for quite a long time in the refrigerator. When the tuber loses firmness, it should be consumed. Remove the green in advance. You can wash this, cut it into small pieces, freeze it and use it later for soups.

Celery cut raw into pieces loses crunchiness and some flavor when frozen, but is still great for soups and sauces.

Celery can also be stored in this way for several days in the refrigerator without any problems.
Since celery is always needed in the kitchen, the stalks can also be chopped and mixed in a ratio of 1:1 with coarse table salt and stored in a jar and is thus always available.

If you want to store larger quantities of celery for a longer period of time, you can wrap the stalks including roots in newspaper and store them upright side by side close together in a bucket in a cool place. The bottom quarter of the bucket should be filled with slightly moist sand. You can extend the storage time to a good two months like this.

Diseases and pests

The best-known pest is the celery fly, but voles can also cause trouble for the plants. Occasionally celery gets sick with the leaf spot disease or the so called celery scab.

Nutrients, processing& Recipes

Celery juice in green smoothies

Celery contains a lot of vitamin C and vitamin B. Potassium, calcium and magnesium also make it a very healthy vegetable.

With a celery juice cure you get the full load of celery. Wanda has tested for you whether it tastes good and how it works.

Celery recipes – from healthy to delicious

Bloody Mary

In this classic cocktail, a celery stalk is only used for decoration, but it’s not a Bloody Mary without it. Put all ingredients in a shaker and mix vigorously.

40 milliliters of vodka
80 milliliters of tomato juice
10 milliliters of lime juice
4 dashes of Worcestershire sauce
4 dashes of Tabasco
Salt, pepper
Ice cubes

Celery fries

Mix salt, pepper, thyme, oregano, garlic and paprika powder.
Mix washed and cut into strips tuber celery with olive oil and spice mixture and put on a baking sheet lined with baking paper and bake at 230 ° C until golden brown.

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