Building stone stairs for the garden – step by step instructions with pictures
You want to build a stone staircase in your garden or interior yourself to give your home a classy and special touch? Then you will learn how to do it in this post. In addition, you get information on how to renovate your staircase and later clean and maintain it.
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Natural stone for stone stairs
For your stone stairs you have the choice between different types of natural stone. Due to 12 own quarries all over Germany we can offer you many different products with various colors and surfaces. These include:
: Travertine is considered one of the oldest building materials in our range and was used, for example, for the Sacre-Cœur de Montmartre church in Paris It can be used in various colors – starting from light, creamy beige tones to darker ocher, you will find a wide variety of nuances with which you can realize numerous styles. Nowadays, travertine is often used in landscaping and gardening. Natural stone is often combined with dolomite to take advantage of the pleasant contrast of the two stones. Dolomite was already used by the Romans and can be found, for example, in the Bamberg Cathedral. The natural stone convinces with its great resistance. In terms of color, it is often found in ivory, various shades of gray and more rarely in white in nature. In combination with other natural stones, again new effects result, which are particularly easy to achieve with dolomite. Its versatile color shades can be realized in countless compositions. Sandstone has also been used for centuries and differs in color and composition depending on its occurrence. It is used especially to give a special radiance to building projects. Its warm tones give them a very special appearance. Starting from soft yellow tones over strong red tones up to green nuances, sandstone can be found in innumerable designs and can be used for the most different ideas, depending on the requirements.
Differences between stairs in outdoor& Interior
Depending on whether you want to build a stone staircase outdoors or indoors, the materials you should use will differ. While outdoor stairs prefer non-slip but rougher surfaces, indoor stairs can be built with just about any of our 26 surface textures. From polished to antique to modern trowelled surfaces, you can choose individually which processing suits you and your interior best. Our staff will be happy to advise you on the choice of the right stones, which will be made for your staircase exactly according to your ideas, so that your project can be realized as you imagine it.
Building stone stairs yourself
You can create a stone staircase from natural stone yourself in just a few steps.
If you want to build your stone stairs yourself, several options open up to you. However, in order to give free rein to your creativity and build a stone staircase that meets your wishes and ideas, you need to consider a few things: Indoors, staircases are usually already built as part of the home construction process, so you will be renovating them rather than building them from scratch. Accordingly, the following instructions for building a stone staircase apply to those that are to be newly constructed outdoors.
1. Preliminary considerations: Number of steps& Slope ratio
Before you start building your staircase, you need to make some considerations in advance to avoid any possible mistakes. First of all it should be said that not every staircase can be built by yourself. Above a certain height, you should hire an expert for safety reasons. From when this measure becomes necessary, you can find out in a personal consultation with us.
Stairs with block steps are planned in such a way that in a first step it is determined how many steps are needed. To do this, use the following equation:
number of steps = height difference ÷ step height
Keep in mind that the riser ratio remains the same. This is how you guarantee that your stairs can be walked on without any problems. Basically, the standard step dimension of a step is used for calculations like these. This is between 62 and 65 centimeters and is calculated with the following formula:
Step size = 2 ⋅ step height + tread
For example, the appearance of the step changes as the step height changes and vice versa. If you need further information, we will be happy to provide you with more details in a personal consultation.
2. Prepare the floor
Once you have calculated how many block steps are necessary for your planned staircase and procured the necessary material, the next step is to prepare the floor. Dig it about 50 to 80 centimeters deep and compact it. Then fill the newly created pit with crushed stone or coarse gravel about 20 to 30 centimeters high.
Dig a 30 to 50 centimeters deep soil.
3. Erect formwork
After this layer has also been compacted by you, a formwork is built for the first step, which you then fill with concrete. You can use wooden slats for this, for example, which you can easily remove afterwards. Be sure to maintain the pitch ratio and step length. Now condense the first stage. Then it is time for the formwork of the second stage, which is again filled with concrete and compacted. This is how you work your way up to the last stair step. Water-permeable lean concrete is particularly suitable for filling the formwork. After about two to three days, the formwork can finally be removed. However, wait a few more days until the concrete has completely hardened before continuing to work on the stairs.
Once the formwork is prepared, you can now choose between two options: Either use block steps or work with treads and risers. You can profile the front edges of the stair stones individually. Whether classic, modern or individual – you can choose from numerous surface structures. We will be happy to advise you on the possibilities of edge finishing for your own personal stone staircase.
4. Block steps
Block steps are solid cuboids of natural stone, which are placed on the concrete foundation with a mortar bed about 4 centimeters thick. Due to the weight of the blocks and the required accuracy, it is advisable to work in pairs here. Start at the bottom of your planned staircase and place the block steps on top of each other as shown in the diagram below. It is important to have a slight slope of about 5 millimeters so that no water can collect on the steps. In addition, you should make sure that there is a bearing joint of about 5 to 10 millimeters between the individual block steps and that the individual blocks overlap by at least 20 millimeters.
How to set block steps correctly.
5. Treading and setting
In addition to block steps, you can also use treads and risers. To do this, first position the riser, i.e. the area that will be installed vertically, against the concrete foundation. Then lay the tread on a horizontal level. Make sure that there is a slight slope to the front, so that any water that may have penetrated can run off. For this method, you will also need a shallow mortar bed in which to lay the individual slabs and align them with a rubber mallet.
Important! Be sure to use real stair treads, not commercial floor tiles, as they are not calibrated and thus their thickness varies. In addition, they also come without machined edges, so there can be big differences in the color of their surface and visible edge.
Renovate stone stairs
Regardless of whether your stone staircase is indoors or outdoors, the steps in renovation and modernization are always the same. To do this, clean the natural stone stair treads as described in the next step or grind them down. If necessary, you can easily replace the slabs without having to change the foundation. Below you will find more detailed information about your options.
Stone stairs cleaning and maintenance
Cleaning and maintaining stone stairs is relatively easy, as their surface is particularly robust and easy to maintain. Nevertheless, you should pay attention to a few things to keep their shine as long as possible. For cleaning and care you should therefore follow our 7 Golden Rules:
- Clean your stone stairs thoroughly in advance. For light soiling a neutral cleaner is sufficient, for heavier soiling you can resort to alkaline variants.
- Do not work with high-pressure cleaners to avoid damage to your stone stairs.
- Choose the impregnation that suits the stone you are using.
- Apply the impregnation at 10 to 20 degrees Celsius.
- Apply the impregnation on a dry surface for optimal protection.
- Let the impregnation dry well.
- The impregnation of stone stairs should be renewed every three to five years.
Stone stairs from TRACO-Manufactur
Indoors or outdoors – stone stairs made of natural stone are versatile and make a good impression everywhere. Whether rather straightforward and modern or rather rustic is completely up to you. The price for your stone staircase made of natural stone depends on various factors. Here, in addition to the type of natural stone (travertine, dolomite or sandstone), the type of steps, the design of the surface and the shape, size, length and width play a role.
If you want to build a stone staircase yourself and use natural stone, you can get block steps, treads and risers from TRACO-Manufactur at reasonable prices. For further advice you can reach us at any time via our contact form or by phone during our business hours at 03603 852 140. We are looking forward to your request!
More articles on the subject:
The areas of application for our natural stones and natural stone products are extremely diverse. In our guide you will find interesting facts, interesting& Tips from the natural stone professional. Read more in our blog posts Advisor: Living, Advisor: Garden and Guide: Natural stones.
You still have questions or need more ideas and suggestions? Then take to us Contact at. We are happy to advise you.