How to prepare a presentation perfectly and present it confidently


Successful preparation stands and falls with the right topic. Therefore, start with the Topic search best as fast as possible. This way you can choose an area that really interests you, and also get ahead of other students who are on fire for the same topic.

If you just can’t come up with an idea, it will certainly help to have a have a lively discussion with fellow students or a direct request to the lecturer. If you are assigned an obscure topic, be sure to ask whether you should give a rough overview or whether special emphasis should be placed on a particular aspect. Don’t take on too much, but also don’t take on too little!

The source search: thinking outside the box

Once you have found your topic, the real preparation begins. Again, it is better to have everything together a few days before the presentation date than to have to spend the night in the library the night before. As a student you want to give a presentation with academic pretensions. Therefore, when searching for sources and doing research, you should not only at Google and consorts, but also classical literature fall back. You should already know what a library looks like and how it works from your daily study routine.

The red thread of the presentation

A common thread runs through a good presentation. Therefore, you should allow enough time for the outline of your topic. Classically, a presentation begins with a Introduction. Here you introduce the topic, the outline and possibly already the conclusion of your paper.

In the Main part, which can be divided into several subparts depending on the topic, the actual content follows. You should rather limit yourself to the essentials, than to provide sprawling information. Never lose sight of the main topic of your paper. At the end of a subsection, present a Intermediate conclusion.

Show your listeners again and again in which part of the presentation you are and how this information and explanation relates to the actual topic or your desired conclusion.

third part of a presentation ends with the Resume and usually one public Q&A session. At this point, at the latest, you will notice whether your listeners have been listening attentively to you or not. If no further questions want to come, try it best with a precise question in the round.

If you are having trouble finding a common thread for your topic, a descriptive Mind map. Collect the information you have gathered on a piece of paper and then group it around possible main topics. This creates a web of terms and links from which you can quickly extract a meaningful outline.

Not the what, the how decides

A successful presentation is not only informative, but also varied and entertaining. It is not only the content that is important, but above all how you convey it. In order to captivate your audience, it is worth using external media to work. Often, presentations are livened up by PowerPoint presentations, flipcharts, OverHead slides or hand-outs.

When using these external media, make absolutely sure that the slides contain only key words and no formulated sentences. Many students make the mistake of cramming all of your material into the presentation. The but distracts your listeners, who will soon stop listening to you. This also applies to sprawling effects and animations. Use slides rather to present your to show the red thread and supplementary information or descriptive graphics accommodate.

Do not under- or over-challenge your audience!

To prepare your presentation in a listener-friendly way, try to build a bridge between your listeners and your topic. Why is your topic relevant, what does it have to do with your everyday life, studies or course? With a real memory from your life, that targets the topic of your presentation, for example, you have found a perfect introduction that will immediately pick up the audience.

For a captivating beginning Jokes or a special object that you let pass through the rows are also suitable. Or you can directly ask your audience a question, and then use their answers to cleverly construct a transition to your topic.

Besides the right introduction, the the last sentences of your paper particularly important, as this is especially well rememberedg remain. So be sure to come up with an original conclusion.

Use rare technical terms only if you have to, and explain them as well. Lighten up more complex content with descriptive metaphors, quotes, drawings or videos. Address your audience directly again and again, for example with a "As you know…". Or you can consider rhetorical questions, to encourage the audience to think along with you.

Presenting needs to be trained

If you prewrite your paper, you run the risk of only having to monotonously read down and boring your listeners. In order to be able to fall back nevertheless on a reminder support, we recommend Index cards with keywords. In a longer presentation with several topics or sections, different colors or appropriate markings are very helpful. If you notice during your presentation that you have been stuck in the introduction for too long, you can immediately switch to the main part without getting bogged down.

Practice you your finished lecture in any case at home. Don’t speak immediately into the blue, but collect yourself before beginning, for example with appropriate breathing exercises or self-affirmation. Stand up straight and use nonverbal signals. If you feel unsure about presenting, simply get friends or family to help you. Every new challenge you master makes you a bit more confident. Also, you can get from friends honest feedback expect.

Another option is to give yourself a hand while you present film or at least record your voice. You can then judge for yourself whether you need to fine-tune your presentation or whether you can take it in stride. Carry under Time pressure stop the time even while you are still training. This way you can accurately judge whether you are spending too much time on unimportant content or whether you can still include an anecdote.

Here are a few more specific tips about the spoken word:

  • When giving an oral presentation, make sure that you have a use descriptive language. Formulate short main sentences and think of simple comparisons for complex issues.
  • Speak Slowly, clearly and with emphasis. Most students speak too quickly because they are nervous – so it’s better to think that your speaking speed is too slow.
  • Against a shaky voice short pauses for breath help.
  • Do not forget Pauses between long speeches or at the transition to a new subtopic. Your listeners need time to reflect on your presentation and to retain it.
  • Hold Make eye contact with your audience and pay attention to their reactions. If you get the feeling that there is confusion, ask questions immediately. If you lose the attention of your listeners, involve them immediately with a small query.
  • Avoid Filler words such as "hmm" or "actually.
  • Control During the speech, keep checking to see if the pace, volume and intonation are right.

If you still can’t come up with the perfect presentation, just ask around at your university. With any luck, your university will also offer appropriate Courses Under professional guidance.

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