Paper airplanes are divided into long flights and long flights. Flight structures are long and narrow. You are made of stiff paper and their focus is closer to the nose. Long-flying have big wings.
In order for an airplane to fly, certain rules must be followed:
- Choose a plane design so that most of the weight falls on the nose. You can make your nose heavier with a paper clip, tape or staple.
- The wings must be the same. If they are different, the plane falls to one side.
- The tail should also be symmetrical to the wings.
- It is better not to use additional elements (plasticine, cardboard).
DIY paper airplane
The simple design of a paper airplane is very popular. Go to need They a rectangular sheet of A4 or A3 paper. It can be white or colored. Its density should be medium so that it can be folded easily without tearing.
How to fold a paper airplane:
- Lay a sheet of paper on a flat surface. Fold it in half and then unfold it. The folding line serves as a guideline.
- Fold the left and right edges of the sheet to the middle.
- Roll the corners (left and right) to the center line and then bend the two halves of the plane.
- Unscrew the resulting wings. The structure is ready to fly.
In origami technique
Origami is a Japanese technique that allows you to fold various shapes from paper. During this process Do not use scissors or glue. The first to invent this technique were monks.
How to make a DIY out of paper with this technique:
- Take a piece of paper of the right size and shape. Fold it in half.
- Fold the top corners to the middle and then straighten and secure them.
- Bend the corners back for the diamonds.
- Fold the side corners there (back). You should get a triangle with the same sides.
- Unscrew the wings of the product, bend them and insert them vertically.
- The winged machine is ready!
If you have not created such a design, watch the detailed video of the master class:
A paper airplane that flies for a long time
Option one. The longest flying airplane was designed by Ken Blackburn in 1983. And he built it according to the following scheme:
- Take a piece of paper. Fold the edges back so that the corners meet in the middle.
- Now fold the strip one centimeter wide.
- Continue rolling such strips until you reach 2/3 of the sheet.
- Fold the sheet in half and form the wings.
- Unscrew the flaps at the ends of the fenders.
- The plane is ready!
Option two. Step-by-step instructions:
- Take some light cardboard. Fold it in half with the short side.
- Fold the wings – fold the corners to the center.
- It turns out a triangle. Bend its nose to the far edge of the page.
- Fold this structure in half, you get two halves of the plane.
- Peel back your wings.
- Now form the flaps and you can launch your plane into the sky.
Supersonic liner Concorde
- Take a normal sheet of A4 paper and fold it diagonally. Cut off the excess strip with scissors.
- Expand the square and bend the two corners to the center.
- Fold each long side to the middle.
- Fold the corner upwards.
- Fold the long sides to the middle.
- Bend the corner so that you get a triangle. Do not touch the wings.
- Turn the part backwards.
- Mentally divide the large triangle into two halves. Add long folding lines up to this triangle.
- Assemble the workpiece: turn the structure over and bend the nose of the plane down a little bit. Hold the ponytail with your fingers and bend the triangle upwards.
- The Supersonic Concorde is ready to fly.
Besides these models there are others and many of them. Therefore, do not stop at the design of certain aircraft, but experiment and continue. In time, you will be able to build airplanes even with your eyes closed. DIY airplanes are a lot of fun!
The simplest diagrams of the basic airplane
Before we get into complex models, let’s brush up on the basics of aircraft design. We call your attention to 2 of the easiest ways to fold a plane.
With the first scheme, it’s easy to get a general-purpose airplane that’s familiar from childhood. It doesn’t differ in special starting and landing characteristics, but it won’t be difficult even for a child to fold it. And an adult will be done with the assembly in just a minute.
You can not read origami diagrams? It doesn’t matter – with these video tutorials you can quickly figure out this lesson. We invite you to see with your own eyes how to make the simplest paper airplane.
If even the first scheme seemed too complicated for you, use the simplified method. This way you can get the result you want as soon as possible.
Similar "Arrow" in the video:
A plane that flies for a long time
A child’s dream is a long-flying airplane. And now we will help you to realize this. According to the diagram provided, you can fold the model, which is characterized by the duration of flight.
Remember that the flight performance depends on the size of your plane.
Overweight, i.e. the length of the wings, prevents the plane from flying. That is, a glider should have short, wide wings. Another planning friend is the absolute symmetry of the model.
You don’t have to throw it forward, you have to throw it upward. In this case, it stays in the sky for a long time and gently descends from the height.
Schemes to ensure a fast flight
Would you like to participate in a model airplane contest? They are easy to arrange at home. Just fold high-speed paper airplanes and you can set your own records.
Be sure to watch the video master class on creating fast paper airplanes to avoid troublesome mistakes and learn from others’ experiences.
Step by step following our photo instructions is the key to success. A set of general guidelines also helps beginners in paper aeronautics.
- Use only a completely flat piece of paper to improve flight performance. Ideal for ordinary office printers. Bounces and folds significantly affect the aerodynamic characteristics of the model.
- Smooth out any wrinkles with a ruler to make it clearer.
- The sharp nose of the plane increase its speed, at the same time Reduces however the Flight range.
Finished crafts can be painted with children. With this fun activity, you can turn a folded piece of paper into a real fighter plane or an unusual fighter.
Think of creating your models as a science experiment. The speed and ease of assembly of origami airplanes allows you to analyze their flight and make the necessary changes to the design.
Long range fighter made of paper
Many who describe this model enthusiastically promise that it can fly 100 meters, calling it a super plane. At the same time, they are not at all embarrassed that the officially registered record for the flight range of a paper airplane is only 69 m 14 cm.
However – away from doubts. In any case, such a cool, handsome man deserves that you work hard to create him. Get a sheet of A4 paper for this vehicle (you can take thick colored paper to make the plane as beautiful as possible), unlimited patience and accuracy. If your goal is a realistic fighter, build it slowly and follow the photo instructions step by step.
At your service is also a video in which you will learn how to properly assemble a paper glider that will stay in the air for a long time.
A model with stable flight
The paper airplane takes off and immediately begins to fall or writes out arcs instead of a straight flight path. Does this sound familiar?
This children’s toy also has certain aerodynamic properties. This means that it is the duty of all inexperienced aircraft builders to approach the design of a paper model with full responsibility.
We recommend you to put together another cool airplane. Thanks to the blunt nose and wide delta wings, it will not go into a tailspin, but will delight you with a beautiful flight.
Would you like to perfectly master all the intricacies of building this glider? Watch the detailed and affordable video tutorial. After a strong charge of inspiration, you definitely want to fold a plane with your own hands, which will flutter like a bird.
The corn plane is an original vehicle for young aircraft modelers
Do you have a boy who already likes to tinker, glue and cut something? Give him some time and together you can create a small model of a corn plane. It will certainly bring a lot of joy: first by joint creativity and then by having fun with a toy made with your own hands.
For the work you will need the following materials:
- colored paper;
- double-sided colored cardboard;
- Pva glue.
Creating a toy is as simple as possible: forget about the exact drawings and the need to first download and then print a complex template. Even a small child can build his first airplane under your guidance.
First glue the matchbox with colored or white paper. Cut a strip of cardboard 3 cm wide. Half the length is equal to the length of the fuselage of the plane. Fold the strip in half and glue it to the box.
Cut out two identical rounded wings, the width of which should be slightly wider than the width of the box.
Glue the wings on the plane. This can be entrusted to a little helper, he will be pleased with such an important mission and do everything well and carefully. Cut and glue a rectangle in the front to hide the box.
Cut two oblong ovals for the tail of the plane and a strip for the vertical piece. It must be folded as shown in the photo.
Glue the blanks onto the corn tail. The resulting masterpiece of cardboard can be decorated at will. You can glue stars or small pictures on it. A propeller made from thin strips of paper would be a good addition.
Such a wonderful plane can be brought to kindergarten as a craft or please dad on 23. February.
This is the easiest way to make a flying vehicle.
- Take a sheet of A4 paper, place it on the table and fold it in half in the middle. The paper must be placed vertically in front of you so that the future wings of the plane are long. Want a crisp fold? Iron the folded sheet with a ruler
- Then flatten the paper again. Now you can see that in the middle of the future plane formed a straight line. It will help you to make a high quality nose and wings.
- Let’s start with the nose of the airplane. To do this, bend the two upper corners and fold them in the shape of an isosceles triangle
- After that, bend the resulting nose of the plane and repeat the previous steps. Thus, the upper corners are folded twice to the center line.
- Put the plane on the table and examine it carefully. In front of you should be a piece of paper that resembles a house: a triangular roof and a rectangular base
- Notice the little "tongue" sticking out from under the triangle. It should be bent upwards to serve as a fastener for the nose of the plane.
- Fold the workpiece in half using the center fold you created earlier.
- Now it’s time to fold the wings. Bend it back and take as a starting point the sharp end of the triangle, which is the nose of the plane.
The white sheet of paper turned into a sharp-nosed strela plane. It got this name for its high speed. Now it’s time to launch the arrow and find out how far it will fly.
Ask your child to color the paper model with bright markings. Think of a name for the plane together and write it on the wing. The child will be thrilled.
"Fighter" out of paper
Once you master the simplest way to fold a glider, you can proceed to more complex models. It’s time to learn how to make a paper airplane, which has received the famous name "Fighter". To make a paper airplane carrier, you need scissors.
The plane-making algorithm is similar to the first option, but there are significant differences that need to be considered.
This model looks different from the classic paper airplane. It looks more realistic. The fighter can also be colored with paints or markers. Admit it, you never knew that creating a paper airplane is so much fun and exciting. The main thing here is to show imagination.
Invite your kids and friends to a paper model launch contest. This way you can find out which of the planes flies faster. Remember to label your plane with a unique emblem or your name.
How to fold the "glider"
There is another kind of paper airplane. These are the so-called "gliders" that can fly without an engine. The process of making the glider is not at all similar to folding the arrow and the fighter:
As you can see, it is not difficult at all to make a paper airplane. In front of you is a real glider, capable of flying long distances and moving smoothly through the air thanks to the wind currents.
Paper aviation attracts the attention of children and adults, fascinated by the beauty and grace of models. Surprisingly, from a simple sheet of paper you can make a plane that can move through the air.
Make your first paper airplane and show your child the magic of origami. This type of creativity can become your child’s favorite hobby.
Apparently it got this name for the cut shape of the nose and indeed similar to the snout of a bulldog. This is the simplest paper plane. And you need to make paper airplanes out of it, if you don’t know how yet. If you do everything right, you will get real pleasure from his flight and the incentive to make the next two more difficult.
- Fold the paper in half. This is the first fold.
- Fold the corners to each other in the classic way, as with all paper airplanes.
- Turn the paper over and fold the corners back into the center of the fold as shown.
- The view after you folded both corners.
- Then bend the top corner, as shown in Figure 5, so that all the corners meet at one point.
- Fold everything in half so that the side view of our plane looks like its name: Airplane with a snub-nosed, bulldog-like nose.
- We open the wings. Just like a ruler.
- Now you are ready. Our plane is ready for the first flight.
This plane is the simplest, so parents can teach young children to build a paper airplane called Bulldog.
You don’t have to start it with sharp, strong movements, but with smooth and soft movements. It needs to catch the air currents under its paper wings and fly far enough. If a bulldog type paper airplane turns out to be successful, you will definitely want to make another, more complicated airplane.
Step-by-step instructions for a paper airplane with a stabilizing triangle. The design is more complicated, but not so complicated that it turns out to be too difficult. Proceed exactly as described and make sure that the folds are correct. This is the whole secret.
- The first two operations are exactly the same as when folding the Bulldog airplane. As there, the first fold line is only needed to do the following correctly.
- Fold everything from top to bottom so that the sheet resembles an envelope. Make sure you leave about an inch at the bottom. The sharp corner of the envelope should not coincide with the edge of the paper.
- Fold the top corners so that they meet in the middle. There should be a small stabilizer triangle under the end of the paper plane.
- Create a small triangle to hold all the other folds. And bend everything in half, so that the small triangle faces outwards.
- Fold the wing down very evenly. Repeat this on the other side. Done. You can start your paper airplane. If everything is done carefully, it will stay safely in the air and fly for a long time.
Paper airplane Strizh
This paper airplane has many more folds and creases. Therefore it is more challenging than the first two. It is rather an ideal version of an airplane with good flight characteristics and average difficulty level. This does not prevent you from doing it with your children.
Practice alone first. Children are interested in the result, only after that there is a desire to build the same well-flying plane. All rough and unsuccessful options should remain behind the scenes. You will definitely be successful. It’s more like a paper airplane than a simple paper airplane.
You will need: a white sheet of A4 paper.
- Notice the legend in the picture: the blue line shows where to fold, the green arrow shows the direction, and the red dot shows where the paper will land after folding.
- Fold a piece of paper in half lengthwise and then unfold it.
- Fold the top corners to the middle.
- Fold the top down.
- Fold the upper corners to the center.
- Lift the middle corners and lower the halves.
- Pay attention to picture 7 and check if everything matches with your airplane.
- Fold the middle corner to the top.
- Fold the plane lengthwise in half.
- Shape the wings of the airplane as shown in the photo instructions.
We present you 12 of the best origami programs. Choose the best option for you and use the step-by-step diagram to build a plane. We wish you success and creativity!
The easy way
You will need: a Sheet of paper in a box, a plain pencil, a ruler, scissors, double-sided tape, and a stapler.
- Fold a piece of paper in half.
- Draw the structure of the plane in the cells as shown in the picture. Pay attention to the dotted lines, as they will be folded.
- Cut the workpiece without touching the base to double it.
- Make folds along the dotted lines.
- Attach with small pieces of tape to the place where the plane is divided.
- Staple the front of the airplane.
- Draw the wings of the plane, cut them and secure them with tape.
You will need: a Cocktail tube, colored paper, a pair of scissors, tape with a pattern.
- Cut 2 strips of colored paper.
- Shorten one of the strips slightly.
- Connect the ends of each strip and secure with tape. You should have 2 circles.
- Glue the circles to each side of the cocktail tube as shown in the illustration.
- Send the structure in flight.
Simple A4 paper airplane
Take a sheet of A4 paper – a normal thin sheet for a printer is enough. Mark the center vertical and fold the top corners to it to form a "house". Bend the corners back to the center – now more so that they almost reach the bottom. Fold the figure in half and bend the wings of the plane along the line where the corners meet.
Airplane with "beak"
Expand a sheet of A4 paper horizontally and mark the middle. Bend the corners once to the center, and then a second time – you get the same workpiece as for the simplest plane. Fold the shape in half so that the sharp point extends slightly beyond the straight base.
Bend the corners of the trapezoid again so that they meet their straight sides exactly in the middle. Fold the figure in half with the straight side in, bend the head beak down and spread the wings to the sides. If you paint such a plane, it will easily become a bird of prey.
Wide paper airplane
Lay A4 paper with the wide side up and mark the middle horizontal line. Mark both quarters on one side as well and bend the other side vertically in half. Lift the lower right corner to the first marker line.
Lower the upper right corner so that they are diagonally aligned with the lower one. Fold the pointed nose to the center and wrap the protruding tip of the top wing around it to hold it in place. Fold the piece in half, unfold the wings of the plane and paint them with spectacular stripes, if desired.
Take a rectangular sheet of paper, unfold it with its wide part facing you and bend the diagonal of the conditional square on one side. Fold back the second corner so that the base coincides with the base of the future triangle. Bend the top of the triangle down in the middle and turn it back up after about an inch. Fold the figure in half with an even part facing inward and spread the wings of the "swallow".
Reinforced nose planes
The advantage of such a paper airplane is that it does not have a sharp nose, which immediately collapses at the first collision with a wall. Expand the A4 sheet vertically and fold the upper corners to the center to obtain a "house". Fold the "house" in half, with the top of the triangle clearly facing the base.
Fold the top corners of the rectangle down, but at a slight angle: a 1-2 cm gap should remain at the top, but the edges converge from the bottom. Press these edges with the corner of the top of the "house" and iron this fold well. Fold the shape in half and bend the wings of the plane at an angle from the nose to the tail.
Airplane with "ears
Such a plane is not much different from the usual in complexity and structure, but looks more interesting. Fold a sheet of A4 paper with the narrow side up and wrap the top corners into a "house". Turn the piece backwards and fold the corners back to the center. This is the main difference from the standard scheme, where both bends are made on one side in a row.
Spread the upper part of the narrow triangle into a rhombus as in the figure and fold it in half. Bend the corner back with a "ladder", fold the figure in half and form wide wings with a slight slope. Such a plane looks interesting from colored paper because of the color transition in the nose.
Basic rules for modeling
Paper airplanes are not just a toy for children. In Japan, there is a separate origami direction for folding different types of paper airplanes – Arogami.
The World Paper Craft Flying Championships are held annually. A special set of rules for aircraft modeling has even been developed.
You can assemble a toy from any piece of paper. But it is worth considering:
- The thicker the paper, the better the plane will stay in the air.
- It is best to make a plane from a sheet of A4 paper.
- The assembly of the toy is done in origami technique without the use of materials: glue, paper clips, tape.
- Symmetry must be observed to ensure that the craft stays well in the air.
- The shape of the toy plays a big role in the flight area.
- Long, narrow models with short wings fly farther and better than tall, wide planes.
Where to start?
It is better to start with simple options and gradually create more complex models. Below is a simple assembly diagram of an airplane that children can easily assemble.
Such a vehicle can fly a few meters. After you have mastered these simple instructions, you can move on to more complex ones.
How to make a flying airplane
Did you know that the longest distance a paper airplane flew is 69 meters? This distance will be recorded as a Guinness record. Of course, it is difficult to achieve such results, but it is quite easy to make a vehicle that will fly 10-20 meters.
So I present step by step instructions on how to make a plane that flies for a long time:
1 Take a sheet of A4 paper. We bend the right side of the leaf to the left edge and form a corner. Try to avoid distortions. Remember the symmetry.
2 Do the same with the left side of the sheet. After we expand the piece, we get two folds along which we will assemble our plane.
3 Next, we bend the right side toward the left fold, as shown in the photo (3) above.
4 Do the same with the left side. The result should be such a blank photo (4).
5 Then bend the upper part as shown in the photo (5). Let’s not forget about symmetry.
6 Make the corners again (photo 6).
7 Now we fold the craft in half after making sure the corners match up.
Carefully bend the wings.
Notice how the nose of the plane should look right.
When everything is made as it should, the plane should look like the photo below.
Now we can safely launch it to fly. And know:
The softer the plane is launched, the further it will fly.
Another criterion by which paper airplanes are judged is the ability to stay in the air for a long time.
The maximum recorded time is 29 seconds. But maybe you can overcome it. You can use the model developed by engineer Can Blackburn to do this.
Now let’s figure it out step by step with the assembly:
- We take a sheet of A4. We fold the edges of the sheet to the middle, while the distance between the corners should be about 3 cm.
- We bend the upper edge 2 cm.
- Unfold the workpiece and repeat the process again. In this case, the distance between the corners is slightly increased.
- Unfold the workpiece and bend it 8 more times. You should get a kind of accordion.
- Bend 3 cm of the top edge and fold the piece in half.
- We bend the wings, wrapping the tips.
You can use the following step-by-step diagram for clarification.
Unusual airplane models
What materials and tools are needed?
This vehicle requires a minimum set of tools and materials. Glue, plasticine, paints or pencils can be useful for a variety of designs. The most important thing is to prepare paper or cardboard, there are models made of thin cardboard. You will need colored or white A4 paper.
Of the tools you will need a pen knife or scissors, a ruler and a simple pencil. With such a small set, you can create all kinds of flying models.
How to build a flying plane
A flying plane can be made in several ways. Some models can be made even by a child himself without the help of adults. All models can fly, some are far away. Here are some airplane models that can be created quickly and easily.
The classic way
Everyone built this airplane in his childhood from an ordinary notebook sheet. It has good "flying" characteristics. The sequence of work is shown as follows:
- Fold the sheet in half along the long side.
- Straighten the sheet and bend the top side walls to the center at an angle. The folded corners should fit together exactly.
- Fold the workpiece along the line where the formed corners end.
- Bend the side corners again at a slight angle and step back from the centerline.
- The corners should be on the axis of symmetry. Pull up a small corner at the bottom.
- Fold the workpiece in half along the axis.
- Spread your wings as shown in the photo in the instructions.
- Bend the wings at right angles to the body.
The classic version of an airplane can also be made from a piece of paper, it can fly horizontally, rise and descend.
From a sheet of A4 paper
This plane is built very quickly and flies great. For the work you will need a sheet of white A4 paper or any other color.
1 Roll the sheet in half, unfold it and bend the sides to the center line.
2 Bend the triangle formed above outwards.
3 Perform this maneuver again. It will turn out like the photo in the instructions.
4 Unfold all folds. Bend the side corners along the folds to the center of the sheet.
5 Fold the material forward at the points of intersection. You receive an "envelope.
6 Align the sheet again. Fold the top of the piece along the fold lines.
7 Bend them to the middle. Place the resulting triangle on the center line.
8 Turn the workpiece over and bend it horizontally.
9 Rotate again and make the triangle upwards.
10 Fold the top of the workpiece in half. An airplane starts to turn, so carefully push the folds on the paper. Make manipulations on both sides.
11 Fold both parts in half and bend the airplane wings.
12 Bend at the wings 1-1,5 cm. Then open the vehicle and spread the wings.
Such a beautiful airplane is made of a piece of ordinary paper and is ready to take off.