In this guide, you will learn how to prepare for a paper or presentation in detail, and what small details you should focus on. So your next presentation is guaranteed to be successful!
Table of contents
The first step in this task is to answer the following questions:
What is my topic?
If it is not given Choosing your topic very important. This should not be too broad, but not too narrow either. The topic also depends on how long you want your presentation to be. It should be a topic that interests you personally, because you will have to deal with it for a while. It is also usually obvious from your presentation whether you are interested in the topic, or whether you have chosen a supposedly easy topic.
What do I know about the topic?
Then, if you already know something about the topic, you can do a first Gathering material to get an overview of what the topic covers. (If you don’t know anything about the topic you have to read first).)Which areas are concerned? What are adjacent topics? Do I have to limit my subject? This is the case when you realize that your topic is very broad after all. Of course, once you have decided on a topic, you need to consult with your teacher about it.
How do I conduct a literature search?
The Literature research is the next step. You can start your internet research here, Wikipedia and similar sites are allowed, but not as a source. This initial research is used to obtain citable internet sources as well as references to books. (Internet sources that can be cited should always contain an author and a date of creation/update.) The next place to go can be the school library, but also the public library. Maybe your parents have a book on the topic?
Now you have an initial overview of the topic and should have a first outline or. Write a mind map to help you understand the topic Structure. You should be able to recognize what the most important aspects of the topic are. Here you can also name subchapters for your presentation.
Then you have to go through the texts: you now have to see which texts or. Text parts are relevant and to which area they belong. At Reading you should make sure to grasp the main message of the text. It is advisable to make short Summaries of the individual texts and assign them to the subheadings of your outline.
Which media are appropriate?
Now you should consider, like you want to give your presentation, i.e. whether you want to make a PowerPoint presentation, use the overhead projector or just hand out a handout. Again, you should ask your teacher what is required. For all forms: less is more! Use only keywords, both on slides and in handouts and presentations using PowerPoint. Your listeners should not be able to read your words, but should be able to recognize a clear structure and follow your thoughts.
Your literature references should be recognizable in some place, it is usually enough to provide them to the teacher.
You should also consider whether and how you want to Involve the audience you want to. You could, for example, ask a question or give a suggestion for discussion or give a task afterwards. Here it is best to ask whether the teacher wants you to do this.
Pictures are also very good for making your topic more exciting and engaging your audience.
Then you write Index cards for your presentation. Again: only key points! You are not supposed to read out, but to present freely on the basis of keywords, this makes your presentation much more interesting for the listeners!
For this you must of course practiceFirst, read your paper to yourself and time it to see if it is as long as you want it to be. Then you should also recite to your parents or friends, on the one hand to practice, and on the other hand to see where there are ambiguities. In these exercises, you should also try out how to Gestures and facial expressions is best used to make your speech more lively.
Lastly, check that you have all the media you need to, present are and work. Also familiarize yourself with how the room is set up, where you stand and where you move during the presentation. Don’t just stay in one place.