Heat in bitches: signs, progression& cycle phases

Bitches in heat must be treated with care. Do you know how to recognize the signs of a lady dog in heat? Get informed and be prepared for what’s to come.

Dog and bitch in mating

Once or twice a year it hits all dog parents: the heat phase. There are many myths about spaying and neutering in dogs, which make the period of heat even more difficult. But how can you tell if your bitch is about to go into heat?? How long does this phase last? You have questions about questions and are looking for answers? With our tips& Tricks to get through heat with your bitch like a pro!

Overview

How long are bitches in heat?

A bitch in heat is not ready to mate immediately. Pay attention to the changed blood. at the beginning of the heat it is usually dark red, followed by lighter blood. The light blood is a sign for the standing days, which means that she is ready for mating or. is receptive.

Bitches are up to 21 days in heat and up to 6 days mating.

On average a bitch will in heat every 7 months, whereby the cycle runs individually with each bitch or. there are also differences between the breeds.

Dogs and menopause: does it exist?

Your bitch is in heat until the end of her life. If your dog is not in heat, there is something wrong with your four-legged friend. Then it is off to the veterinary clinic!

How to recognize that your bitch is in heat?

Your bitch may ..

  • urinate more often.
  • lift her leg differently when urinating – similar to a male dog.
  • pay more attention to male dog admirers and really present themselves in front of male dogs.
  • change their behavior. Sometimes your bitch gets a little bitchy, withdraws or seems listless.
  • also become more in need of love – caresses are pre-programmed.
  • become lazier or more alert.
  • her heat with the left put away and not be brought from the concept.
  • run away because she wants to hide from the male dogs.

Your male dog may avoid food or water completely, as he has only one thing in mind: his reproduction! Here are 5 creative ways to get your dog to drink more water without harming her!

Big dog and small dog are circling and sniffing each other

TipTo check if your bitch is ready to mate, press briefly on her back with the flat of your hand above the base of her tail. When she then puts her tail to the side, your bitch is in the standing days. This means that she is ready to mate.

Exceptions prove the rule, because not every bitch reacts to it. If you really want to be sure, you can seek veterinary advice. This determines the ovulation and gives you the security.

First heat in the bitch: What you need to consider!

the first heat starts at puberty, like in humans. From the sixth to the twelfth month, the female dog in her teens. However, the onset of sexual maturity varies from breed to breed and not every female dog is the same as another.

Large bitches can already in the second year of life whereas small bitches already bleed after proestrus and estrus half a year can be in heat.

Your bitch has reached her adult body weight when she first comes into heat.

The first heat is not only special for pet parents, but also for the bitch. That’s why it’s normal for this new stage of life to not be completely typical.

There can be a silent heat for example. This means that the bitch has no discharge and it may well be that you do not even notice that your fur friend is in heat.

When is your bitch ready to mate? Overview of the cycle phases

Proestrus and estrus together are called heat.

The 4 phases of the bitch's cycle infographic

1. Proestrus (pre heat)

The first phase of heat lasts on average 9 days, but can vary between 3 and 17 days. The vulva of your bitch swells and bleeds – in some relatively strongly, in others only weakly. At this time your bitch is not yet fertile, nevertheless male dogs are strongly attracted to her. Your darling is interested in this phase very little. It can happen that she puts interesting male dogs to flight.

2. estrus (heat)

Just like proestrus, estrus lasts about 9 days, but can vary from 3 to 21 days. The vulva is no longer as swollen and the discharge becomes more watery. Your bitch is now fertile, as ovulation occurs during estrus, and allows mating if she meets an interested male.

AttentionIf your bitch excretes thin and lighter blood, this is a clear sign that your bitch is ready to mate.

3. Diostrus (after heat)

Regardless of whether your bitch is pregnant or not, diostrus now begins and lasts about 63 days. The vulva is now no longer swollen and the discharge has disappeared. If fertilization of the eggs has taken place, diestrus ends with the birth of the puppies.

4. Anestrus (resting phase)

The time until the next heat or. until the beginning of the next proestrus several weeks or months last, on average approx. 4 months, and is called anoestrus. During this phase of the cycle, your bitch will not show any signs of being in heat.

Why a heat can be dangerous for dogs AND bitches?

Male dogs dogs often run away, when they have picked up the scent of a bitch ready to mate. The heat is even one of the most common reasons why dogs run away. No fence will be too high for your male dog to find his way to the bitch. Bitches in heat often feel harassed and run away. To be prepared for all "skins", your dog should wear a Tractive GPS tracker. This way you can always see the exact position of your furry favorite in real time on your smartphone and you will also be notified immediately if your male dog leaves his home, visits a bitch or your bitch escapes.

Protective pants for the bitch: What they (do not) help with

Bitches are particularly clean during heat. However, this also varies from bitch to bitch.

Things to know: While some dogs clean meticulously, others are rather careless. So also the strength of the bleeding can vary.

There are special panties for dogs that catch the bleeding. Of course, your lady dog has to get used to panties first. Plan therefore some lead time, otherwise the panties are taken off again in no time at all.

The panties do not protect from the mating act!

Attention: Many male dogs become very creative in their hormone intoxication state and also mate bitches despite protective pants. It’s also not uncommon for male dogs to cover their sweethearts through a chain-link fence.

Dog lying in the meadow in the sun and being stroked by his mistress

Prevent pregnancy in dogs

Think carefully before planning a litter for your bitch. If you don’t want your bitch to get pregnant, here are some helpful tips:

  • As a precaution lead your bitch on a leash.
  • If you have an "encounter" with another dog – let the other dog owners know.
  • Avoid hot spots where many dogs congregate.
  • Choose walking routes that are not heavily trafficked.
  • Find dog-free walking zones.
  • Use the Tractive GPS tracker to locate your bitch in heat in case she escapes.

Free play with other male dogs should be avoided, because they can crowd your bitch and mount her in a careless moment. Besides, this is a stress situation for your quadruped in heat.

Fact check: Male dogs can sniff out a lady in heat for miles around.

The mating: Should I separate the two dogs??

A clear answer: No, in no case! You would cause serious injuries to the male and female dog! Because the dog’s limb swells during mating and the bitch internally contracts her muscles.

A cover may not be confused with mere riding up. A proper cover can take up to 30 minutes and looks strange to the layman. In the technical jargon this is called "hanging" and it looks like that.

Infographic about the mating act of dogs

This infographic illustrates what a mating act between two dogs can look like. At first the male dog will still sit on the bitch (Phase 1: Sexual act). However, after some time they will change position, otherwise both dogs would not endure the long mating act (Turn). You would both suffer from cramps if you kept the original position. Subsequently, the 2. Phase of the sexual act Instead of.

Based on the infographic, it is also clear why separating dogs during mating can lead to serious consequences.

Infographic on the bitch's heat: explanation of the mating act

Termination of pregnancy in bitches

Despite your careful care, your furry four-legged friend has taken in? These options are available in the event of an unwanted pregnancy:

Abortion syringeHowever, it is not completely harmless and should really only be injected in an emergency. Hormonal suppression: Different hormones are used for this. Depending on the method used, this treatment may cause uterine disease in your bitch. Castration: Up to 40. A bitch can still be spayed on the first day of pregnancy. The earlier the better, also for ethical reasons.

If you think your bitch is about to go into heat, better be safe than sorry and invest in a GPS tracker.

Summary?

Here is a video with the most important facts about heat in bitches and what you should look out for:

All questions answered? Great! Also read about everything you need to know when your cat is in heat.

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